Physical education, sport and health culture in modern society <p>ISSN 2410-2156 (Online), ISSN 2220-7481 (Print)</p> <p><strong>State registration certificate</strong> КВ № 19773-9573 ПР of 15.03.2013.</p> <p>The scientific Journal «Physical Education, Sport and Health Culture in Modern Society» is a scientific specialized edition of Ukraine, which is included to the list of scientific professional publications of Ukraine – <strong>C</strong><strong>ategory «B»</strong> (<a href="">Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine No. 1643 since 28.12.2019</a>).</p> <p>The results of the Phd and Doctoral thesis in the field of «<strong>Pedagogical </strong><strong>S</strong><strong>ciences</strong>» (on Specialties: 011 Education sciences, 014 Secondary Education (Physical Culture) (13.00.02; 13.00.04) and «<strong>Physical Education and Sport</strong>» (on Specialty 017 Physical Culture and Sport (24.00.01; 24.00.02; 24.00.03) are published in the Scientific Journal.</p> <p><strong>Year of establishment</strong>&nbsp;: 1999</p> <p><strong>I</strong><strong>nstituto</strong><strong>r: </strong><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University</a></p> <p><strong>Areas and issues:</strong> is an international periodical that covers a wide range of issues in the domains of mass sport, physical rehabilitation and sports of higher achievements. The journal includes the articles that give the history of physical education development in Ukraine and all over the world; philosophical, legal and organizational problems in physical culture; peculiarities of physical education of different groups of population; problems of professional training of physical education teachers; pedagogic technologies of physical exercises; means of working capacity renewal; peculiarities of athletes training and adapting human organism to physical activity.</p> <p><strong>Periodicity: </strong>quarterly.</p> <p><strong>Language editions</strong>: Ukrainian, Russian, English.</p> <p><strong>The journal was introduced on&nbsp;1 January 2016</strong> <strong>an electronic version in English.</strong></p> <p><strong>The journal is displayed in </strong><strong>scientometric bases:</strong> <strong>&nbsp;</strong><a title="Index Copernicus International" href=",p2492,3.html"><strong>Index&nbsp;Copernicus&nbsp;International</strong></a><strong>&nbsp;</strong>(Impact Factor ICV 2014 – 46,23; 2015 –&nbsp;57,07),&nbsp;<strong><a title="eLIBRARY" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">eLIBRARY</a></strong><strong>&nbsp;(Russian Science Citation Index) </strong>(license agreement №128-03/2015, of 12.03.2015);<strong>&nbsp;</strong>&nbsp;<strong><a title="ERIH PLUS" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ERIH PLUS</a></strong>&nbsp;;&nbsp;<a title=" Polska Bibliografia Naukowa" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">&nbsp;<strong>Polska Bibliografia Naukowa</strong></a><strong>;&nbsp;<a title="&quot;Україніка наукова&quot;" href=";I21DBN=JRN&amp;P21DBN=JRN&amp;S21FMT=fullw&amp;S21ALL=%28%3C%2E%3ETJ%3D%D0%A4%D1%96%D0%B7%D0%B8%D1%87%D0%BD%D0%B5%20%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%85%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%BD%D1%8F%2C%20%D1%81%D0%BF%D0%BE%D1%80%D1%82%20%D1%96%20%D0%BA%D1%83%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%82%D1%83%D1%80%D0%B0%20%D0%B7%D0%B4%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B2%27%D1%8F%20%D1%83%20%D1%81%D1%83%D1%87%D0%B0%D1%81%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%BC%D1%83%20%D1%81%D1%83%D1%81%D0%BF%D1%96%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B2%D1%96%24%3C%2E%3E%29&amp;FT_REQUEST=&amp;FT_PREFIX=&amp;Z21ID=&amp;S21STN=1&amp;S21REF=10&amp;S21CNR=20">Україніка&nbsp;наукова</a>;&nbsp;<a title="Ulrich's Periodicals Directory" href="">Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory</a></strong></p> <p><strong>repositories and search engines: <a title="OpenAIRE" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">OpenAIRE</a>,&nbsp;<a title="BASE" href=";refid=dclink" target="_blank" rel="noopener">BASE</a>,&nbsp;<a href=";user=JGap1gIAAAAJ&amp;view_op=list_works&amp;gmla=AJsN-F4M-a6Z7d0QkSkTEZVGmJaPevylYR0z3dnmDDcn8hsDXq6XJmwl-WbajzxOBfQNQan5auO0ZvfbxkWdnqR9UM1Mu2JQmIpEbl6AiLTvicIF37zRA_Dz2zlf-di5I-qBExFguazZ_llsuGnHADe7GQjbPIOiDQhi8AzGYv_rUI4Oe_MntlsgUr46NEupz0GWpM862O3R-QTpGzmUoz5kxFuKm-mN5w">Google scholar</a>,&nbsp;<a href="">International Committee of Medical Journal Editors</a>, <a href=";issn=22207481&amp;uid=r16d2e">Research Bible</a>, <a href="">Information Matrix for the Analysis of Journals</a>, <a title="Ukraine Scientific Periodicals" href=";I21DBN=UJRN&amp;P21DBN=UJRN&amp;S21STN=1&amp;S21REF=10&amp;S21FMT=juu_all&amp;C21COM=S&amp;S21CNR=20&amp;S21P01=0&amp;S21P02=0&amp;S21P03=PREF=&amp;S21COLORTERMS=0&amp;S21STR=Fvs" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Ukraine Scientific Periodicals</a></strong>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Editor-in-Chief: </strong><a href="/index.php/sport/about/editorialTeam">Anatolii Tsos</a>, Doctor of Science in Physical Education and Sports, Professor, Rector in Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University.</p> <p><strong>Executive editor: </strong><a href="/index.php/sport/about/editorialTeam">Svetlana Indyka</a>, PhD in physical education and sport.</p> <p><strong>Editorial address:</strong> 30/118 Vynnychenka Street,&nbsp;Building 7, Lutsk, 43025</p> <p>&nbsp;Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University</p> <p>Department of Physical Education Theory, Fitness and Recreation</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Tel</strong><strong>.:</strong>+38(0332)242178; (066)4830600</p> <p><strong>E-mail:</strong>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University en-US Physical education, sport and health culture in modern society 2220-7481 History of Billiard Sports in Higher Education Institutions of Ukraine <p><strong><em>Introduction. </em></strong>The history of billiards in general and the history of billiard sports formation in the territory of educational Ukraine have been studied in a research. <strong><em>The Purpose of the Research </em></strong>is analyzing the formation and development of billiard sports. <strong><em>The Research Methods </em></strong>are analysis of historical and sports literature on the theory and practice of the formation and development of billiard sports in the territory of educational Ukraine. <strong><em>The Results of the Research</em></strong><em>. </em>Humanity’s love of playing with balls began so long ago that it seems impossible to determine the exact date of foundation of a billiard, as its historical homeland. The modern history of billiards begun in the 15<sup>th</sup>–16<sup>th</sup> centuries in Europe. The word «billiards» has been from the French «billart» or «bille», meaning «ball». There are two versions of the emergence of billiards in Europe. According to one of them, the British were the pioneers, according to the other, the French were the first. The history of billiards still continues today. At the National University of Physical Education and Sports of Ukraine (1998), on behalf of Rector V. M. Platonov, the coaches of billiards have been trained. The students of Ukraine were always the basis of the National team of Ukraine. Such students like Tarnovetskyi Ya. V. (twice), Novosad Ye. O., Pudovkin M. O. became the world champions. European Champions of the Pool Patsura V. I and Polovinchuk K. I. were Many Junior World Champions have emerged from the Ukrainian educational field. <strong><em>Findings. </em></strong>Today, when significant changes are taking place in our society, the attitude towards billiards – both as a sport and as one of the means of outdoor recreation – has significantly changed in Ukraine. Billiards is a super ancient game, which is not only enjoyable and interesting, but also prestigious game. The Billiards Championship is contested by the British and French among themselves, but we consider it as a national game. We have our own billiards’ professionals and specialists, producing the tables and cues. We have even got own schools.</p> Оleksandr Beznosiuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 1 (49) 3 8 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-01-03-08 The Evolution of Mass Gymnastic Performances (the End of the 19th Century – the Beginning of the 21st Century) <p><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>In 1882, Mass Gymnastic Performances called «Sokil takeoff», took place. Thanks to the organizers of the Sokil Movement, which had successfully spread over the countries, the idea of Mass Gymnastic Performances became very popular among young people. Their hedonistic significance is manifested in aesthetic entertainment. They are a powerful agitation instrument, which raises the patriotic spirit of both participants and spectators, and is the object of both domestic and international tourism. For over a century, authors and creative teams have been searching for new ideas, developing technical equipment, creating musical and rhythmic-plastic compositions to reflect the theme of the event to&nbsp; which they are dedicated and to enhance the entertainment of Mass Gymnastic Performances.&nbsp; <strong><em>The Purpose of the Research </em></strong>is to study and summarize data relating to the changes that have taken place over the centuries in Mass Gymnastic Performances. <strong><em>Methods of the Research </em></strong>are theoretical analysis and generalization of educational, scientific-methodical, reference literature and data of the Internet network on the identified issue. <strong><em>Results of the Research. </em></strong>In the studied historical period, physical culture holidays, gymnastic performances reached unprecedented development and turned into a kind of new form of mass physical culture spectacle. At one time, the evolution of Mass Gymnastic Performances was significantly influenced by the creative ideas of the USSR athletes and artists. They started thematic performances, introduced a new dynamic style without long overlaps «in one go», developed a scheme for constructing compositions with peaks of the viewers` attention. For the first time, they began to implement current movements, collapsible metal gymnastic devices and a background podium into the performances. And today, there is a standard of distance between the participants in the field of 2,8 meters in Mass Gymnastic Performances, proposed by<strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>To this day, Mass Gymnastic Performances have not lost their actuality. For more than over&nbsp; 130 years, they have been a means of sports promoting, aesthetic upbringing, moral qualities and performing hedonistic functions. North Korea has become the modern record holder of Mass Gymnastic Performances.</p> Nadiia Kovalchuk Volodymyr Saniuk Tetiana Hnitetska Nina Dedeliuk Olha Roda Svitlana Kalytka Iryna Tkachuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 1 (49) 9 20 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-01-09-20 Сontents of Professional Training of Future Physical Therapy Specialists in the United Kingdom <p><strong><em>Relevance </em></strong><strong><em>of the Research Topic</em></strong><strong>. </strong>Creating the necessary educational experience and the experience of preparing future Physical Therapy professionals for future professional activity in the United Kingdom demonstrates the need for higher education and compulsory practical training. <strong><em>Purpose and Methods of the Research. </em></strong>The purpose of the study is to present the results of a scientific pedagogical study of the content of professional training of future Physical Therapy Specialists in the United Kingdom higher education institutions. To achieve the goal of the study, a set of interrelated research methods was used, namely: bibliographic analysis, comparisons and generalizations to identify the peculiarities of the training of Physical Therapy professionals in the United Kingdom; structural and functional analysis; interpretative-analytical. <strong><em>Results of the Research. </em></strong>The content of the educational disciplines in higher educational establishments of the United Kingdom, where the three-year program of professional training of Physical Therapists of Bachelor level, is considered. It is established that the training course is focused on the functional systems of the human body and examines their influence on the body’s ability to move and function effectively. At the University, students collaborate with students of other specialties. According to the analysis of the training programs of vocational training of physical therapists by the educational level of the Bachelor, it can be stated that the educational process is focused primarily on working with people in order to maximize their functional capabilities and their potential. <strong><em>Key Findings. </em></strong>The feature of practical training of future Physical Therapy Specialists is to educate students through direct contact with patients, as well as through the experience of overcoming a wide range of medical problems at different bases of practice. The course focuses on the functional systems of the human body and examines how they affect the body’s ability to move and function effectively. The universities of the United Kingdom support innovative approaches to the development of practical training programs and their implementation in the educational process, and the nature of the training within&nbsp; individual programs depends on the strategic training of future specialists in Physical Therapy of the universities themselves.</p> Yuliia Kopochynska ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 1 (49) 21 28 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-01-21-28 Methodical Principles of Pupils’ Physical Education in Kostiantyn Ushynskyi Pedagogical Heritage <p><strong><em>Introduction. </em></strong>The pedagogical principles of Physical Education in the scientific heritage of the prominent Ukrainian teacher Kostiantyn Ushynskyi have been described. <strong><em>The purpose of the study </em></strong>is to analyze the methodological foundations of pupils’ PE through the prism of consideration of pedagogical means and forms in the humanistic and health-saving of K. Ushynskyi`s concept. <strong><em>Research methods </em></strong>such as the study of literary sources, theoretical analysis and synthesis of the obtained data were used in the paper. <strong><em>Research Results</em></strong>. On the basis of the historical and literary sources, it was found that K. Ushynskyi (1824–1870) critically compared the educational realities of foreign countries and the current state of the national school and made significant theoretical generalizations about such actual methodical issues on physical education as: the place of gymnastics and gymnastic games in the content of educational subjects; formation of favorable psycho- emotional climate and other. <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>The research, carried out on the basis of the historical and pedagogical analysis of K. Ushynskyi’s scientific papers, made it possible to isolate and fix the means of pupils’ physical education in the creative heritage of an outstanding teacher: gymnastics, game, work, pupils’ acquaintance with theoretical information on anatomy, physiology and hygiene from the «Children’s World» and «Native Word» textbooks. The most effective organizational forms of pupils’ physical education in K. Ushynskyi’s scientific work are defined: gymnastics lessons, physical training minutes, physical training pauses, and rational organization of pupils’ rest during breaks, including moving games and walks outdoors. The general pedagogical provisions of K. Ushynskyi significantly influenced the PE theory of t Russia in the second half of the 19<sup>th</sup> century. As a Ukrainian educator, Kostiantyn Ushynskyi can undoubtedly be considered as the founder of the national pedagogical Theory of Physical Education.</p> Serhii Marchuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 1 (49) 29 35 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-01-29-35 The Game as an Interdisciplinary Phenomenon of Science (Philosophical Aspect) <p><strong><em>Topicality of the Research. </em></strong>The philosophical understanding of the game is an important aspect of its interdisciplinary research. It contributes to the comprehensive and deeper study of this scientific phenomenon, makes it possible to use its potential effectively in various human activity areas. The recognition of the game as a global and universal phenomenon, an integral part of life, means that any transformation and changes in the life of each person are directly or indirectly related to the game factor. <strong><em>The Purpose of the Research </em></strong>is to reveal the basic principles of the philosophical direction of interdisciplinary game’s studies. <strong><em>Methods of the Research </em></strong>are analysis, synthesis of scientific information on the research problem, educational literature and Internet resources. <strong><em>Research Results. </em></strong>The logic of the game phenomenon cognition is leading to the synthesis of the sciences, forming an interconnected set of scientific ideas about the game as a coherent, diverse system. The game reveals the unity of the dynamic connection between the human and the world. It makes it possible to meet and grasp another co-existence through cognition of oneself. The uniqueness of the game being is due to the ability of a person to understand the world, the ability to give some meaning to things, events and phenomena.The rules and order, making up the game space, are the essence of the game. The key of the game is not the game goal or task, but the dynamism of this process, that determines the ways of its implementation. <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>Game as an interdisciplinary phenomenon of science is a comprehensive integrative factor of the existence of humans` cognition of the world and themselves. Philosophy considers the game as a worldview category, through which the understanding of the nature of the world and human essence is formed, the meaning of life is searched. The game is a fundamental characteristic of being, a universal mechanism for the realization of all things, and game activity is an effective way of combining freedom and necessity, continuous and discrete, constant and variable. Synthesizing the past and the future, known and strange, the game phenomenon makes it possible to turn probability into reality.</p> Volodymyr Naumchuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 1 (49) 36 43 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-01-36-43 Encyclopedia of Physical Education & Sports in Romania as a Source of PE Ideas <p><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>Modernization of Ukrainian society is a practical need of competitive entering into the world cultural society. That’s why, deep reformation of Youth Physical Education (PE) reformation is one of the main demand for all of the scientists and specialists. Studying the theory and practice in European countries is becoming an actual issue. <strong><em>The purpose of the research </em></strong>is to analyze the content of the both editions of Romanian Encyclopedia of PE &amp; Sports, using the ideas of popularization of PE &amp; Sports among the population. <strong><em>Sources and Methods of the Research</em>. </strong>Main sources of the research are the volumes of Encyclopedia. Scientific, historical, chronological and other methods were used in the research paper. <strong><em>The Results of the Research</em>. </strong>In the Romanian scientists` opinion, the Encyclopedia of PE &amp; Sports has become the most powerful reference source in Europe. In 2002, Ministry of Youth and Sports of Romania initiated and supported publishing of this research work. First three volumes of Encyclopedia have represented a history of different National Sports Federations, fourth and fifth –regional historical aspects of PE &amp; Sports. The sixth volume contains the greatest sports victories in Romania. One of the most meaningful is a seventh volume, where system of PE &amp; Sports of different periods of history and its genesis have been represented. <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>Nowadays, the science Encyclopedia of PE &amp; Sports is the most powerful reference source in Europe. The most important information about Romanian PE &amp; sports system, social organizations and specific of its activity, process of PE introduction into university and state military programs and also the main research inventions has been collected by the authors of science Encyclopedia.</p> Oleksandra Tsybaniuk Yurii Moseichuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 1 (49) 44 49 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-01-44-49 The Enjoyable Physical Education Learning to Improve Students’ Motivation and Learning Achievement <p><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>The using of appropriate learning model is the key in creating an effective, conducive, and enjoyable learning. Therefore, the supporting of teachers’ learning literacy model becomes a research field should be renewed and improved. <strong><em>Research Purpose. </em></strong>The purposes of this research are: (a) to know how peer teaching can give motivation and improve the learning achievement of students. (b) The things should be noticed in implementing the peer teaching method. <strong><em>Methods. </em></strong>The method used in this research was literature study using research steps by Wolfswinkel et al. <strong><em>Research Result. </em></strong>The result of this research shows that the using of peer teaching learning model gives many academic benefits, one of them is the improvement of psychomotor aspect, cognitive aspect, and affective aspect of students. Besides that, another academic benefit obtained such as that learning model can train students’ communication skill and also can elevate students’ confidence which also can be obtained through the pear teaching learning model. From the analysis of all collected data, there are some recommendations. The peer teaching learning model can be used in every level of education. Peer teaching learning model will be more effective if accompanied by additional teaching media such as task card and other kinds of media. In many writings, the peer teaching learning method is often used in field practice learning which trains the psychomotor skill, but still can improve other domains such as cognitive and affective.</p> Fuaddi Fuaddi Tomoliyus Tomoliyus Pamuji Sukoco Soni Nopembri ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 1 (49) 50 59 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-01-50-59 Italian Horse Riding School <p>The system solutions in the field of horse riding technique appeared for the first time in Italy in the 16th century, but at the same time equestrian academies also functioned in other countries, e.g. Austria, France, Germany and Russia. They formed the horse riding system which was based on such movements that horse never performs in its natural habitat. Therefore, according to the methodology research, applicable in historical and pedagogical sciences, an attempt was made to determine stages of the Art of Horsemanship on the European continent. In the research process, it was established that the horse riding style that had been being practiced for several centuries, was not changed until the late 19th century. The revolutionary changes, based on years of observation and experience, were made by Captain Federico Caprilli of the Military Equestrian School in Pinerolo (Italy). The result of his observations accepeted in 1906 was an innovative horse riding system called natural. A great numer of officers from 22 countries were coming to Italy at that time to learn the new system. As it was very practical, it became quickly adapted by equestrian sport.</p> Zbigniew Wójcik ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 1 (49) 60 63 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-01-60-63 Theoretical skills of female students of the Faculty of the Different Primary Education Forms in the field of Physical Culture <p><strong><em>The purpose of the research </em></strong>is to determine the level of theoretical knowledge of the female students of the Faculty of Primary Education of both full-time and part-time education in the field of Physical Culture. The research was conducted at the Faculty of Primary Education of the Pavlo Tychyna Uman State Pedagogical University. 60 female students of the full-time department and 60 female students of the part-time department of the 2<sup>nd</sup> and the 4<sup>th</sup> years of study took part at the ascertaining stage experiment. At the formative stage of the experiment, 3<sup>rd</sup> year female students of part time took part. There were 25 students in the control group and 28 students in the experimental groups. The average age of the female students of 2<sup>nd</sup> year of study was 18–19 years and of the 4<sup>th</sup> year of study – 21–22 years.&nbsp; Students`&nbsp; surveys&nbsp; were&nbsp; conducted&nbsp; to&nbsp; assess&nbsp; theoretical&nbsp; knowledge&nbsp; on&nbsp; Physical&nbsp; Education.&nbsp; 62 questions concerned the Olympic topics, Physical Culture Theory, healthy lifestyles, and exercises techniques and self- control. The students were provided with four answers, one of which was correct. The questions were included not only into the Physical Education Program of high school, but also into the Physical Education Program of primary school. <strong><em>The Organization of the Research. </em></strong>The study was conducted in several stages. The 1<sup>st</sup> stage (February-May 2017) – conducting the ascertaining stage of the experiment. It was the research of theoretical skills study of the 2<sup>nd</sup>-year and the 4<sup>th</sup>-year of study students of both full-time and part-time education. The comparison of their results, determined the dynamics of the students from the 2nd to the 4<sup>th</sup>-year of study, analysis and identifying the features of their professional and applied physical training were conducted. The 2<sup>nd</sup> stage of the experiment (September-December 2017) included the pedagogical experiment conducting for verifying the effectiveness of organizational and methodological conditions for the formation of the students` motivation of 3<sup>rd</sup>-year of&nbsp; part-time&nbsp; study to&nbsp; self-improvement&nbsp; during&nbsp; the&nbsp; school&nbsp; year.&nbsp; <strong><em>The Research Results. </em></strong>During the researching process, the factors that negatively affect the state of professional and applied physical training of the part-time female students of the Faculty of Primary Education have been selected. Also the organizational and methodological conditions for the formation of the part-time female students` motivation to Physical Education have been studied and checked their practice effectiveness. <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>The organizational and methodical conditions of the students` motivation of Pedagogical Specialties could be recommended in practical activity of the Department of Physical Education.</p> Halyna Bezverkhnia Viktoriia Tsybulska ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 1 (49) 64 73 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-01-64-73 The Influence of Participating in Sports on Shaping Masculine and Feminine Character Traits of Schoolchildren of Different Age Groups <p><strong><em>Topicality</em></strong><strong>. </strong>The different aspects of gender problem and gender approach at pupils‟ physical education are considered in the research. <strong><em>Tasks of the Research. </em></strong>Gender identity manifestations of schoolchildren were investigated. An influence of participation in sports on shaping a gender personality type for young men and young women from different age groups was identified. <strong><em>The Research Methods</em>. </strong>Theoretical methods of research were used: analysis, comparison, generalization, systematization, theoretical modeling. The questioner worked out by Sundry Bam «Masculinity-femininity» and methods of mathematical statistics were used. Pupils of 5–11 grades (638 pupils) took part in the researching. <strong><em>The Results of the Research. </em></strong>The knowledge of the influence of participation in sports on formation masculinity traits of teenagers‟ characters was taken. It was founded that for young men who participates in sports, on the group level, the occurrence of masculinity becomes bigger. It is 50 % more than for men who do not participate in sports. The occurrence of masculinity, on the young women‟ group level, who participates in sport more than 30 % in comparison with young women who do not participate in sports.&nbsp;<strong><em>Conclusions</em></strong><strong>. </strong>After the carried out study we drew a conclusion that practicing sport promotes the development of certain masculine characteristics. What is more it concerns female. It means that females who actively participate in sport are more masculine in comparison with those who do not. Due to effective approaches and methods of physical activity, orientation on motor activity, pupils are consolidated with patterns of behavior and personality qualities which shape the gender. Received data are the ground of the further and depth studying in the field of physical culture and sport, the results of which will become a theoretical ground of the conception of the gender approach at pupils‟ physical education.</p> Tetiana Krutsevych Oksana Marchenko ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 1 (49) 74 89 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-01-74-89 Structure of Initial Teaching Swimming Process of Primary School-Age Children at a Summer Health Camp <p><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>Forming a positive motivation for primary school-age children to successful master of the swimming skills is crucial. Motivation is considered as implementation of a motive in a particular activity in the process of choosing possible actions aimed at achieving certain goals. <strong><em>Methods </em></strong>of analysis of scientific and methodological literature, normative and legal documents, generalization of advanced pedagogical practice, sociological and statistical research methods have been used for the goal achievement. The research paper covers results of research on mentioned issue. Survey results of primary school-age children who were in June 2018 14 days at a summer health camp «Lastochka» in Skadovsk, as well as conversations with them and observations took place in real conditions of conducting swimming training sessions. The research focuses on reasons for attending and reasons for reluctance to swim by primary school-age children at summer health camp. The research introduces with the basic methods of raising interest of primary school-age children for implementation of swimming exercises. <strong><em>Findings. </em></strong>The structure of initial swimming training process as stimulation of primary school-age children for swimming trainings and encouraging achievements of each child – Aqua jerks – has been developed. The main objectives of proposed structure of initial swimming trainings outdoors at summer health camp are the promotion of the harmonious development of children, the organization their leisure and active free time, also increase motivation for regular swimming activities.</p> Olha Obrazhei Іryna Маliarenko Оlha Коltsova Borys Кеdrovskyi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 1 (49) 90 95 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-01-90-95 The Influence of the Coordination Abilities Development of Pupils at 15–16 Years of Age on the Level of Assimilation of a Direct Attack Hit in Volleyball <p><strong><em>Topicality </em></strong>of the study is caused by the need to develop the coordination skills of pupils at 15–16 of age, which provide their ability to perform a direct volleyball hit. <strong><em>The Purpose of the Research </em></strong>is to analyze the problem of development of coordination abilities of schoolchildren at 15–16 years of age for improving their direct striking hit. <strong><em>The Research Methods </em></strong>are theoretical analysis and generalization of literary sources, pedagogical testing, and pedagogical observation, methods of mathematical statistics. <strong><em>The Participants of the Research. </em></strong>This study was conducted on the basis of Lutsk secondary school № 10. The study involved 60 schoolchildren at 15–16 years of age. The children and their parents were informed about all research features and they agreed to participate in the experiment. <strong><em>The Research Results. </em></strong>After the experiment, it was found that in the control and experimental groups there were changes in the indicators of pupils` coordination abilities development. Thus, in the experimental group (EG) they increased in the range of 12 % – 58 %, whereas in the control group (CG) – only in the range of 1–9 %. The results of students' expert review of direct attack hit revealed that theoretical preparedness of the EG students increased by 14,5 % versus 6 % in the CG; the level of direct attack hit technique increased by 65 % in the EG and only by 6,5 % in the CG; the control standard indicator had an increase of 55 % in the EG compared to 15 % in the CG. <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>According to the results of the expert review of the direct attack hit performance before and after the experiment, it can be concluded that the effectiveness of the author's program of the pupils` coordination abilities development for improving their mastery of the direct attacking hit.</p> Oleksandr Shvai Yurii Tsiupak Andrii Kovalchuk Volodymyr Tarasiuk Leonid Gnitetskii ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 1 (49) 96 101 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-01-96-101 The Effect of Giving Cold Therapy to Decreased Pain Sprain Ankle Basket Ball Players <p>Sprain, is an injury to a joint that results in a torn ligament that functions as a binding between bones and as a stabilizer for the joint that occurs due to excessive pressure and sudden movements repeatedly. It is estimated that nearly 1,6 million injuries occur in connection with basketball in Indonesia. The epidemiology of injuries to male basketball players during training is 4,3 per 1000 while the competition is 9,9 per 1000. This study is an experimental study with a Two Group Pre-Test and Post-Test Design. The research subjects were 30 permanent members of the Bangau Basketball Club which were divided into 2 groups: O1 group was a group that was given cold therapy before training alone, O2 group was a group that was given cold therapy after exercise alone. The study was conducted in October-November 2018. There was a difference between pain intensity and the degree of ankle sprain O1 group before and after exercise with the pain intensity difference test value of 0,000 and the value of the ankle sprain degree difference test result of 0,029 (p &lt;0,05). There was a difference between the intensity of pain and the degree of ankle sprain in the O2 group before and after exercise with the test value of the pain intensity difference of 0,024 and the value of the test result of the degree of ankle sprain difference of 0,047 (p &lt;0,05). Wilcoxon test results showed that there was an effect of cold therapy to reduce ankle sprain pain with p &lt;0,05.</p> Martha Pastari Syokumawena Syokumawena ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 1 (49) 102 106 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-01-102-106 Analysis of the Role of Moderating Socio-Cultural Pressure for Weight Loss and Physical Changes in Obese and Normal Weight Adolescents <p><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>Obesity is a global epidemic. Obesity is on the rise in developing countries due to changes in lifestyle. <strong><em>The Aim of the Research</em></strong>.This study aimed to compare body image problems and social-physical anxiety in obese and normal-weight adolescents by examining the moderating role of cultural social pressure for weight loss and physical change. <strong><em>Method. </em></strong>In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 70 adolescents obese and 72 adolescent girls with normal weight were selected through one-stage cluster sampling from high school students in Mashhad. Data collection and measurement tools included: high-sensitivity portable digital scales, Multidimensional Self-Relationships Questionnaire, Physical Social Anxiety Questionnaire, and Cultural Social Pressure Questionnaire. The groups were matched for education, gender, and age. Data were analyzed using SPSS 22 software. <strong><em>The Results of the Research. </em></strong>Results of multivariate analysis of variance showed that there was a significant difference in body image and physical and social anxiety between obese adolescents and normal weight adolescents. The results also showed that high cultural social pressure for weight loss and physical change has a significant role in increasing physical social anxiety. But it does not have a moderating role in the extent of body image problems and physical social anxiety. Obesity and high cultural social pressure for weight loss and physical change are important factors in increasing body image problems and physical and social anxiety. But cultural social pressure does not mitigate the role of obesity in increasing or decreasing body image problems and physical social anxiety. <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>Therefore, it can be concluded that body image problems in obese individuals are more influenced by their body mass and not by the socio-cultural pressure for weight loss and body change.</p> Seyed Mohammad Hossein Hosseini Ravesh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 1 (49) 107 115 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-01-107-115 To the 85th Anniversary of Professor Edward Stanislavovich Vilchkovsky's Birthday <p>To the 85th Anniversary of Professor Edward Stanislavovich Vilchkovsky's Birthday</p> Alla Aleshina ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 1 (49) 116 117 Information for authors <p>Information for authors</p> Svitlana Indyka ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 1 (49) 118 121