Physical education, sports and health culture in modern society https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport <p>ISSN 2410-2156 (Online), ISSN 2220-7481 (Print)</p> <p><strong>State registration certificate</strong> КВ № 19773-9573 ПР of 15.03.2013.</p> <p>“Physical education, sports and health culture in modern society” is a specialized edition in Ukraine where the results of dissertations for obtaining&nbsp; scientific degrees of Doctor and Candidate of Science in the field of <strong>“Pedagogical Sciences”</strong> (supplement 10 to the decree of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of 12.05.2015 № 528) and <strong>“Physical Education and Sport”</strong> (supplement 17 to the decree of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of 13.07.2015 №&nbsp;747) can be published.</p> <p><strong>Year of establishment</strong>&nbsp;: 1999</p> <p><strong>I</strong><strong>nstituto</strong><strong>r: </strong><a href="http://eenu.edu.ua/en" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University</a></p> <p><strong>Areas and issues:</strong> is an international periodical that covers a wide range of issues in the domains of mass sport, physical rehabilitation and sports of higher achievements. The journal includes the articles that give the history of physical education development in Ukraine and all over the world; philosophical, legal and organizational problems in physical culture; peculiarities of physical education of different groups of population; problems of professional training of physical education teachers; pedagogic technologies of physical exercises; means of working capacity renewal; peculiarities of athletes training and adapting human organism to physical activity.</p> <p><strong>Periodicity: </strong>quarterly.</p> <p><strong>Language editions</strong>: Ukrainian, Russian, English.</p> <p><strong>The journal was introduced on&nbsp;1 January 2016</strong> <strong>an electronic version in English.</strong></p> <p><strong>The journal is displayed in </strong><strong>scientometric bases:</strong> <strong>&nbsp;</strong><a title="Index Copernicus International" href="http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/++++++++,p2492,3.html"><strong>Index&nbsp;Copernicus&nbsp;International</strong></a><strong>&nbsp;</strong>(Impact Factor ICV 2014 – 46,23; 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(066)4830600</p> <p><strong>E-mail:</strong>&nbsp;sport@eenu.edu.ua</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University en-US Physical education, sports and health culture in modern society 2220-7481 Sport and Nation Building: A Comparison of the United States and South Africa https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2130 <p><strong><em>The relevance of the research. </em></strong>This paper analyses the case of the USA and South Africa and its experiences in&nbsp; the sports sector since the period of apartheid, in an effort to explore the processes necessary to understand the potential sports may hold for peace building. By identifying initiatives of the USA in South Africa at the national, community&nbsp; and individual level of analysis, the paper outlines the possible effects of sports on reconciliation in divided states. Using a comparative historical approach, the connection between race as a cultural and political category rooted in the history of slavery and colonialism, and the development of the nation states was analyzed. It&nbsp; was characterized how each country's differing efforts to establish national unity and other institutional impediments have served, through the nation-building process and into their present systems of state power, to shape and often crystallize categories and divisions of race.&nbsp;<strong><em>The purpose of the research </em></strong>is to experimentally verify the effectiveness of sports as an integral part of the country, influencing culture. <strong><em>Methods of the research. </em></strong>The research methods used in the process of writing the paper involve the use of general scientific and empirical techniques of physical culture and educational sciences based on a systematic approach. In addition, in the process such general research methods as generalization and comparison analyses were used. <strong><em>The results of the research. </em></strong>As a result of the analysis, we have identified the main range of problems arising from globalization processes and a number of measures aimed at raising the level of sports and&nbsp; cultural image of the developed countries in the World society.</p> Gerald Gems ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 3(47) 3 9 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-03-03-09 Features of Integration of Music and Motor Activity https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2132 <p><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>Many years of experience of physical education teachers and scientific researchers testify to the fact that music stimulates the activity of the nervous system, causes changes in the functional state of the organism, changes in muscle tension, heart rate,&nbsp; rhythm of breathing, ect. Listening to music creates a certain emotional state for students (depending on its character). Music is also an important means of enhancing students motivation for physical education and sports. The purpose of the research: to determine the specificity of the integration of music and motor activity in the process of physical education of schoolchildren. <strong><em>Methods of Research – </em></strong>analysis of literature on pedagogy of musical&nbsp; education, theory and methods of physical education; questioning students and teachers; psychological and pedagogical observations at physical education lessons. <strong><em>Results of the Study. </em></strong>An analysis of pedagogical experience with the use of music in physical education and sports at schools in different European countries suggests that music is not rational use throughout the lessons (45 min). It is performed in the preparatory part of 6–10 minutes the main part (in the case of its compliance with the proposed exercises&nbsp; for&nbsp; students) in the short stages of 5–8 minutes and in the final part up to 3–&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 5 minutes. The article examines the recommendations for choosing music at different stages of the lesson,&nbsp; depending&nbsp; on the means of physical culture. <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>Integration of music and motor activity in the process of physical education of students of secondary schools, it is aimed at the harmonious development of the individual in the physical, psychological and aesthetic aspects, activation of musical and motor education and increasing the role of musical art in the field of general life of children. The use of functional music at physical education lessons and extracurricular sports classes contributes to the improvement of the emotional state, the higher quality performance of the students by&nbsp; physical exercises, increases motor activity, positively affects the development of aesthetic feeling, promotes the combination of music and motor activity in the process of physical education of schoolchildren.</p> Anastasia Vilchkovska ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 3(47) 10 16 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-03-10-16 The Developm of Poland’s Secondary Sment of the Physical Education Systechools (1918–1939) https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2133 <p><strong><em>Introduction. </em></strong>The article discusses the main trends in the formation and development in physical education of Polish students attending to secondary schools (the creation of new curricula and their subsequent modification; the development of school sports; the improvement of the material base; the opening of the first faculties of physical education in higher educational institutions to train physical education teachers) in&nbsp; this historical period. <strong><em>The aim of the research: </em></strong>to analyse the formation and development of the system of physical education of students from Polish secondary schools in the period between1918–1939. Research methods: analysis of historical and pedagogical literature from the theory and methodology of the physical education system from Polish secondary schools in the period 1918–1939, which relate to the reform of school education in Poland at that time. <strong><em>The results of the study. </em></strong>After the restoration of independence of Poland, one of the main task of the government was to revive the national education. In 1918, the Ministry of Religion and Public Education was established. One of the first state decrees of February 1919 was the introduction of compulsory 7-year for children aged from 7 to 14 years of age. Physical education has become a compulsory subject of curricula for secondary schools. Physical education programs at school defined the following groups physical exercises: general development exercises; balance exercises; outdoor games; walking and running; jumps, climbing and also they included a section with methodical recommendations, instructions for the teacher regarding the exercise, planning, organization and maintenance. <strong><em>Finding. </em></strong>Physical education of pupils in Poland in the 20–30s became an integral part of the general educational process at school. The period between the two world wars in Poland was characterized by a significant increase in the interest of children and young people in sports activities. At the same time, most serious problems of Polish physical education were: lack of teachers in most schools, including teachers of physical culture; the lack of an adequate material base, the conservative attitude of the leadership of individual schools to the physical education of schoolchildren.</p> Edward Vilchkovsky ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 3(47) 17 22 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-03-17-22 Influence of the Community Organization «Bukowiner Allgemeiner Sportklub» on Development of the Sport Movement on Bucovina https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2134 <p><strong><em>Introduction. </em></strong>The end of the ХІХ – beginning of the ХХ century was a period when there were great social, political and economic conditions on Bucovina, the kings land of Austria-Hungary Empire for development of education, science and culture. The number of community organizations was increased, and directions of their activities become wider. Created organizations usually can fully solve the problems of physical education and activity of children and juniors. «Bukowiner Allgemeiner Sportklub» become the pioneer of a sport development. <strong><em>The objective of research – </em></strong>to analyze activity of «Bukowiner Allgemeiner Sportklub», determine its influence to development of sport movement in Bukovina on the beginning of ХХ century. <strong>Methods of research – </strong>studying the literature sources, documental and historical materials, theoretical analysis and synthesis of received information. In research we used the information gained from organization funds of Austria (since 1867, Austro-Hungary) 1775–1918 years of State Achieve of Chernivtsi region. <strong><em>Results of the research. </em></strong>«Bukowiner Allgemeiner Sportklub» – is a community organization that act on Bucovina in 1910-1913 years. Its activity hadn’t any political, national or confessional prejudice and was based on principles of racial, national and property equality, and also was based on main life priorities – physical and psychological health. Club organized sections of junior sport (moving) games, football, hard athletic, cycling, ski and skates. It created 2 ice playgrounds, sport field in Chernivtsi, sport sections in 2 cities named Radivtsi and Solka etc. Also they organized active participation of club members in competitions in athletics, swimming, tourism. <strong><em>Conclusion. </em></strong>For the period of existence of «Bukowiner Allgemeiner Sportklub» club its members created and supported an activity of sport sections, organized and made a lot of competitions and made a lot of sport equipment and playgrounds. There was a progressive beginnings such as flexible payment system, existence of benefits, a lot of types of sport activities and wide campaign of popularization of the healthy lifestyle. So, in summary, club was active member of a sport movement on Bucovina, and actions of its members started the development of sport in region.</p> Nataliia Hnes Irina Yachniuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 3(47) 23 28 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-03-23-28 Socio-Economic Conditions for the Development of Forms of Outdoor Activities in the East in the Middle Ages https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2135 <p><strong><em>Relevance. </em></strong>A comprehensive analysis of the scientific and scientific-methodical literature of domestic and foreign authors gives reason to argue that the problems of physical recreation and improving physical fitness were the subject of a significant amount of research. It was determined that physical recreation is part of the physical culture of society, can be considered as a separate area of physical education and at the same time as a component of the physical education system of various population groups. Physical recreation has specific functions, goals, objectives, main features, development factors, means and organizational forms. At the same time, studies of the problems of the historical development of physical recreation, in particular, determining the prerequisites for its occurrence and patterns of development as a segment of a person’s active leisure in various socio- economic formations (including feudal ones), there are practically no such studies. <strong><em>The goal </em></strong>is to determine and disclose factors of influence on the development of recreational forms of physical culture in the countries of the East in the Middle Ages (mid-V-mid-XVII century). <strong><em>Research Methods. </em></strong>In the research process, the following methods were used: analysis and synthesis of data from the scientific and methodological literature; system analysis method; chronological method, historical-logical method, descriptive method; comparative method. <strong><em>The Results of the Study. </em></strong>Recreational forms of physical culture in the era of feudalism developed under the influence of religious, political, socio-economic factors. Among the most developed peoples of medieval Asia (India, China, Japan), elements of feudal society arose earlier than in Europe and had certain differences. Unlike Christianity, the religions that dominated these regions did not deny the importance of physical culture and even actively influenced its practical health systems (Buddhism contributed to the development of hatha yoga). The historical significance of the forms of active leisure in Asia lies in the fact that their rational nature played the role of social self-regulation, which distinguished them from the European physical culture of a recreational direction. <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>Various social needs of this period, conditions, local traditions contributed to the diversity of forms of leisure and culture, which are differentiated by social characteristics.</p> Nataliia Panhelova Tetiana Krutsevich ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 3(47) 29 35 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-03-29-35 Historical Aspects of the «Spartak» Society of Sport and Physical Training Formation and Development in Volyn https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2136 <p><strong><em>Urgency of the Research. </em></strong>Sports societies have played a significant role in the different generations’ physical education. The society of sport and physical training «Spartak» ranks a leading role in Volyn region. It has developed its own system of the population physical education and athletes training. Unfortunately in recent years its activity has declined in some ways since the results have been&nbsp; lost and it forgotten over the years. <strong><em>The goal of the study </em></strong>is to identify the peculiarities of the society of sport and physical training «Spartak» creation and development in Volyn as well as its activity. Historical and pedagogical analysis of literary, program and normative archivedocuments and materials, specialists’ interrogation served as <strong><em>the material and methods of research</em>. <em>Research results. </em></strong>The analysis and generalization of archive documents gave reason to reveal the sports and mass activity in society of sport and physical training «Spartak». It started its work in 1940. The war interrupted the work of the society, which resumed its activity in 1944. In 1992 it’s restored. Since 2000 Spartak regularly carried out sports and mass work, including regional sports competitions «Health»among civil servants, «Dad, Mom and I ‒ sports family» – among employees of PJSC «Volyngaz», supermarkets of GK «PAKO-HOLDING», among clubs established in the places of residence, «Sports longevity – sport for all – the joy of life among veterans», among the pupils of preschool institutions – «sport for all – common future», student festivals ««Be healthy and attractive». In addition to sports and recreational work, sportsmen of high qualification were trained at the Spartak. During the period of Ukraine independence one honored Master of Sports of Ukraine, 10 Masters of Sport of Ukraine of international class, 59 Masters of Sport of Ukraine and eight participants of the Olympic Games were trained in the society. <strong><em>Conclusions</em></strong><em>. </em>In the years of independence a system of physical education of different categories of the population in the Volyn region was formed by the Spartak society of sport and physical training.</p> Volodymyr Yalovyk Anton Yalovyk Olena Sobchuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 3(47) 36 42 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-03-36-42 Methods and Means in Sports Tourism Training https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2138 <p><strong><em>Relevance </em></strong><strong><em>of the Research Topic. </em></strong>The article analyzes and summarizes the scientific and methodological literature were done; theoretical analysis and generalization of regulatory documents were carried out; the methodological provisions and training aids in sports tourism were highlighted. <strong><em>Purpose and Research </em></strong><strong><em>Methods</em></strong><em>. </em>The purpose of our study was to characterize the methods and facilities for training athletes in sports tourism. <strong><em>Results of </em></strong><strong><em>Work</em></strong><em>. </em>The individualization of the preparation process in accordance with the physical and mental characteristics of the tourist is gaining importance. An increase in the functional capabilities of the body is carried out with the use of large training loads, the value of which should be established constant pedagogical and medical supervision. The practical experience of participating in hikes of a higher degree of difficulty, the acquisition of technical techniques for tourism techniques (movement, overcoming obstacles, insurance, bivouac works, orientation, etc.) is increasing. Particular attention is paid to the ability to adapt to difficult, extreme conditions, as well as the formation of mental stability of a tourist. The preparation technique is characterized by wide variability in the magnitude and nature of the loads; alternating loads with rest intervals, as well as the complexity of the route, the conditions for its passage. It is important to establish control over the dynamics&nbsp; of anthropometric indicators, physical qualities, technical preparedness, psychological stability. In tourism, as in&nbsp; other sports, basic preparatory exercises include general preparatory exercises, special preparatory and&nbsp; competitive&nbsp; exercises. The group of general preparatory exercises includes exercises that coincide with the characteristics of the selected sport, as well as exercises from other sports. Special preparatory exercises generally coincide in direction with the chosen sport. Competitive exercises are the basis for creating conditions simulating the features of the chosen sport. The sports training system, in addition to fixed assets, also includes specific means: general pedagogical means and methods, means of enhancing training impacts and accelerating the restoration of working capacity, as well as a competition system&nbsp; for various types of tourism.</p> Olena Demianchuk Iryna Ierko Iryna Voitovych Andrii Ierko Vasyl Voitovych Mykola Mordyk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 3(47) 43 47 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-03-43-47 The Level of Development of Psycho-Physiological Features of the Students of Higher Educational Institutions https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2140 <p><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>Motor activity is one of the main factors determining the level of physical health of young people. There are many academic papers and significant part of the methodological experiences, which express the general issues of motor activity, virtually unclear remain issues of control of the motor activity that depend from the psychophysical features of the students. <strong><em>The purpose </em></strong>of the research is to study the levels of development of psychophysiological features of the higher educational students. <strong><em>Methods </em></strong><strong><em>of the Research. </em></strong>For the evaluation of psychophysiological features of the students, the following tests were performed: tepping test,&nbsp; speed&nbsp; of simple&nbsp; and&nbsp; complex&nbsp; reaction,&nbsp; static&nbsp; and&nbsp; dynamic&nbsp; tremor,&nbsp; attention&nbsp; stability&nbsp; to&nbsp; the&nbsp; Anfimova`s&nbsp; table.&nbsp;&nbsp; Altogether 160 students of 1–4 years of study of the Faculty of Physical Culture, Sports and Health of the Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University participated in the pedagogical research. <strong><em>The Results of the Research. </em></strong>The speed of a simple reaction, depending on the year of study is 0,16–0,19 s. Complex reaction is 0.04–0.06 seconds longer. The highest rates of simple and complex reaction are observed with students of 1 and 4 years of study. Indicators of static tremor are 2,20–3,87 seconds touch (right hand) and 4,91–5,80 touch (left hand). There is a rather peculiar tendency of deterioration of the tremor&nbsp; in&nbsp; students&nbsp; of&nbsp; 1 and 2&nbsp; years&nbsp; of&nbsp; study.&nbsp; Analysis&nbsp; of&nbsp; the students&nbsp; accuracy&nbsp; from different&nbsp; courses&nbsp; within 5 minutes at Anfimov's table showed that the best results were observed with students of the first year of study, the worst results of the sustainability of attention were demonstrated by students of the second year of study. <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>The highest rates of frequency of movement by the results of tepping test in students were observed at the first stage of the test. The highest rates of simple and complex response were observed in the 1 and 4 years of study. Dynamic tremor results are much worse than static. Workforce productivity index, depending on the year of study was 0,49–0,63 us.un. An analysis of the accuracy of students` work of different years of study for 5 minutes according to the Anfimov table showed that the best results were observed in students of the 1st year, the worst results of stability of attention were shown by students of the 2nd year of study. The 2nd year study students had the highest productivity (especially at 1,3 and 4 minutes of work).</p> Sergey Nikolaev Yuri Nikolaev Oleg Grebik ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 3(47) 48 53 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-03-48-53 Condition and Dynamics of Somatic Diseases of Higher Education Students https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2141 <p><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>Changing of socio-economic situation and crisis in society have caused the decrease of physical activity of young people, which has exacerbated the problem of maintaining the health of the individual. The study is due to the need to adapt physical activity to the characteristics of the students` body and the nature of existing diseases. <strong><em>The Purpose of the Research </em></strong>is to analyze the condition, causes and dynamics of somatic diseases of 1–4th year students. <strong><em>Materials and Methods of </em></strong><strong><em>the Research. </em></strong>Analysis of medical records was used to determine the status of somatic diseases of 1–4 years students at the Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University. The paper did not use the personal data of the persons involved to the research. Only their generalized data were analyzed. Participation in the study was voluntary and did not involve any form of encouragement. The selection of study groups of students was carried out at random choice. The total sample is 50,306 people. All of participants of the study agreed to participate in the research and to the further processing and publishing of the obtained results for free access. Statistical analysis of the collected data was performed by StatSoft Statistica 6.0. <strong><em>The Results of the Research. </em></strong>The level of morbidity of students is characterized by negative somatic disorder indicators. The largest number people of the special medical group focuses at the Faculty of Pedagogy and the smallest is at the Faculty of Culture and Arts. Our studies have demonstrated that analysis of diseases dynamics during 2010–2016 period gives an opportunity to state that the percentage of «relatively healthy» people are reduced every year. The most common diseases are cardiovascular, stomach, digestive organs, and musculoskeletal system morbidities. Analyzing of nosological forms of diseases by gender features, it should be noted that the percentage of&nbsp; women 1–4th year study is significant bigger than men. The percentage of people, referred to a special medical group, is increasing. Also, women are the leaders by pathologies. <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>In general, students` health is low rate. Growth of cardiovascular diseases was found during education at higher education institutions. This condition leads to the development of adaptive methodology of rehabilitation and physical development of young people.</p> Vasyl Pantik Olena Ishchuk Olha Ivaniuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 3(47) 54 62 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-03-54-62 Physical Activity in Rehabilitation of Persons with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2142 <p><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>According to the World Health Organization, by 2030, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) will be the third leading cause of death in the world. The main measures to combat COPD are aimed at preventing the occurrence, slowdown of progression and reduction of probability of complications. A higher level of physical activity (PA) is associated with a lower risk of exacerbation, hospitalization and mortality in COPD patients and has the benefits of improving physical endurance, shortness of breath and quality of life. Therefore, PA is included in the program of pulmonary rehab as a necessary component. The purpose is to analyze the evidence of the effectiveness of physical activity in the rehabilitation of people with COPD and current recommendations on their physical activity. <strong><em>Research Methods. </em></strong>Analysis of literary sources of scientific-evidence bases. <strong><em>Results. </em></strong>Physical activity in patients with COPD is significantly reduced and the main symptoms that reduces the ability to withstand physical activity in patients with COPD is shortness of breath. Age-related changes and the presence of concomitant diseases (heart disease, diabetes, obesity, cognitive impairment, etc.) can also contribute to a decrease in physical activity. In the GOLD Global Initiative Report (2019), physical&nbsp; activity is recommended to all people with COPD, as there is clear evidence of the benefits of regular physical training for these patients. <strong>Conclusions. </strong>Physical activity is an important part of the complex treatment of COPD and plays an important role in improving the quality of life, reducing the risk of exacerbation, hospitalization and mortality. The guidelines for the level of PA for COPD patients do not differ from those for the healthy population. It is recommended to gradually achieve at least the minimum level of physical activity recommended by the World Health Organization.</p> Kateryna Tymruk-Skoropad Oksana Dub Lyubov Tsizh Natalia Rudakova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 3(47) 63 71 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-03-63-71 The Analysis of the Status of Individual Indicators of Physical and Functional Development of Schoolchildren 11–12 Years with Convulsion https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2143 <p><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>In connection with prolonged sitting in the classroom, a sedentary lifestyle during the training period, the problem of forming correct posture is of particular importance. Stoop is the most common form of kyphosis – a curvature of the upper spine. <strong><em>The Purpose of the Study </em></strong>is the analysis of individual indicators of the physical and functional development of schoolchildren aged 11–12, in whom a stoop was detected. <strong><em>Material and Research Methods. </em></strong>The study involved 12 children with a&nbsp; stoop&nbsp; at&nbsp; the age of&nbsp; 11–12 years and 12 healthy peers of secondary school&nbsp; I– III stages s. Prilutsk, Volyn region. The study used theoretical research methods, clinical examination, questionnaires, surveys, anthropometric methods, functional methods, and diagnostics of motor functions. <strong><em>The Results of the Study. </em></strong>The study found that 57 (66,3 %) schoolchildren have various disorders of posture. Questioning and communication allowed us to determine that in children with stoop, there is a restriction in the movements of the spine, which causes pain and fatigue, and it becomes difficult to concentrate. An analysis of the results of an anthropometric examination of children aged 11–12 showed that the growth of children with a stoop higher than their peers without stooping,&nbsp; body mass indicators are slightly increased compared to healthy ones, which can be explained by lower motor activity, muscle strength of the hand of a strong arm is weaker in stooped children. The data on the functional state of the cardiorespiratory system in adolescents aged 11–12 indicate a limitation in motor activity due to stoop. A study showed that stoop affects spinal mobility. The average forward bend in stooped children was 1,62 ± 0,7 cm, which does not correspond to the age norm. The obtained average indicators of the strength of the muscles of the back indicate their insufficient development in both groups, while the strength of the muscles of the back in healthy adolescents is much greater compared to stooped guys.</p> Tatiana Tjupak Yuri Tjupak Yuri Tjupak Felix Filak Volodymyr Tarasyuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 3(47) 72 77 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-03-72-77 Peculiarities of Expression of Personal Qualities of Sportsmen of Different Gender in Football https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2144 <p><strong>Introduction. </strong>For the quality management of training, it is important to consider not only the anatomical, somatic, physiological, biochemical, age differences between men and women, but also the difference between male and female psychology. <strong>The purpose </strong>of the study is to determine the personality traits of qualified athletes in football, depending on their gender. <strong>Methods and organization </strong>– theoretical analysis of scientific and methodological literature, materials of the Internet, methods of psychological diagnostics, methods of mathematical statistics. Qualified athletes (16 men from one of the Major League football teams; 23 women from the Ukrainian national football team) participated in the study. <strong>Results. </strong>Gender differences in the personality traits of skilled football players have been determined, determined by innate gender characteristics: the predominance in men of the neurodynamic property of inhibition, and in women of excitement; Extraversion rates (20,7 – women, 15,6 – men) and neuroticism (19,4 – women, 10,6 – men); an indicator of the effectiveness of attention work in football players (692,4) and 627,4 in men; skilled female football players have a higher level of motivation to succeed; the level of motivation aimed at avoiding failure in male athletes 15,4; 13,4 – women. 48 % of football players and 56 % of football players have violations of the actual psychophysiological condition of the athlete due to various reasons - from difficulties in relation to the load transfer, the need to use volitional efforts to perform the planned training tasks (13 % – women; 19 % – men) to the urgent need to restore the systems of the body of the athlete, orientation on self-preservation, reduction of active training activity, need of rest, accumulation of energy reserves, strengthening of anabolic, assimilatory processes (35 % – of women; 37 % – male). <strong>Conclusions. </strong>Sports activities in football dictate their requirements for the presence, the required level of formation and the degree of expression of a certain professionally significant personality trait of a qualified athlete/athlete, which requires a certain level of personal readiness of qualified footballers/football players at the stage of maintaining sports achievements.</p> Valentina Voronova Oksana Shynkaruk Olga Borisova Irene Khmelnitska Khmelnitska Victor Kostyukevich ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 3(47) 78 89 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-03-78-89 Morphological Models of Highly Skilled Paddlers in Kayaks and Canoes https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2146 <p><strong><em>Introduction</em></strong>. Morphological characteristics of a person – one of the genetically determined factors, most fully and clearly defines individual specificity for the assessment of human performance in a particular sport. <strong><em>The aim </em></strong>is to investigate the morphofunctional features of highly qualified rowers and canoes.&nbsp;<strong><em>Research methods </em></strong>– the strongest Belarusian rowers-winners and winners of the Olympic Games, World and European Championships 2012–2017 were surveyed. A total of 94 athletes were surveyed, 54 were male, of which 7 athletes were masters of sport, 39 were masters of sports of international class, 8 were honored masters of sports and 40 women, of whom 14 were masters of sports, 26 were masters of sports of international class. The comprehensive examination included anthropometric measurements of total, longitudinal, transverse body sizes, diameters, girths, special measurements (O. Popescu tests) and analysis of body mass components. <strong><em>Results. </em></strong>A morphofunctional survey of highly skilled rowers of both sexes found that men specializing in kayaking had greater morphological features of body length, torso length and arm span than highly skilled canoe rowers. The canoeists are ahead of the kayakers in terms of jelly, wrist dynamometer and percentage of muscle mass. Kayak women had better results than their peers in canoes, on almost all indicators except muscle mass, jelly and a wrist dynamometer. <strong>Conclusions</strong>. For rowing on kayaks and canoes, the most informative are the following indicators: body length, arm length, arm span, body length, kneeling with arms outstretched, the length of the torso sitting up and the length of the torso to the 7th cervical vertebra.</p> Vladimir Davydov Vladimir Shantarovich Dmitry Prigodich ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 3(47) 90 94 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-03-90-94 Musculoskeletal Condition and Adaptation as the Predictors of Low Back Pain in Sports Games https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2148 <p><strong><em>Objective. </em></strong>The objective of this systematic review of literature was to identify if the musculoskeletal condition and disorders caused by adaptation on specific movement patterns in sports games is as risk factors of low back pain (LBP). <strong><em>Data sources. </em></strong>A comprehensive search of articles published in the last 20 years was conducted in four databases (PubMed<sup>®</sup>, Google Scholar, Web of Science). Different combinations of keywords such as LBP, muscle imbalance, muscle strength, muscle endurance, musculoskeletal system and sport game were used, applying the Boolean operators. After establishing the criteria of selection, 9 studies of 52 initially identified were analyzed. <strong><em>Results. </em></strong>From&nbsp; the viewpoint of musculoskeletal condition and its functional adaptation as the possible risk factors of LBP in the sports games it is suggested that the musculoskeletal system, its functional disorders, endurance and maximal strength of the trunk muscles are not risk factors of LBP in every aspect. The risk factors appear to be muscle imbalances combined with functional asymmetry of pelvic and its asymmetrical rotation as a result of unilateral overloading, as well as the low maximal lumbar[ flexion. Low level of endurance of trunk and core muscles cannot be uniquely identified as a risk factor of LBP. Similarly, the maximal isometric strength of trunk muscles do not act as a risk factor of LBP, either. <strong><em>Conclusion. </em></strong>A detailed comparison of data between the sports games, within game, sex or age was not possible. Further research is necessary. Nevertheless, based on the results of this review, it is obvious that in sports games LBP is a consequence of functional and structural changes of pelvic and related muscles. There is less evidence for endurance and maximal isometric strength of trunk muscles to be a risk factor of LBP.</p> Ludmila Zapletalová Gabriela Luptáková ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 3(47) 95 102 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-03-95-102 Functional Preparation of Kettlebell-Lifters with Middle Qualification in the Preparatory Period https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2149 <p><strong><em>Aim. </em></strong>to find out the effectiveness of the influence of the experimental methodology of the kettlebell-lifters’ training process on the functional state in the preparatory period. <strong><em>Objective. </em></strong>to analyze the influence of author’s methodology on the individualization of the training process on the functional readiness of the kettlebell-lifters. <strong><em>Materials. </em></strong>The research involved 11 sportsmen-kettlebell-lifters aged 16– 17 years of the 1<sup>st</sup>–2<sup>nd</sup> sports categories. All participants gave their informed consent to participate in this experiment. The digital materials obtained during the research were processed by means of a general-purpose data-processing package Statistica of 10,0 version. The reliability of the distinction between the groups (comparing the average values&nbsp; of the indicator for the every group) were determined by means of Student’s criterion (t). <strong><em>Results. </em></strong>The expediency of using the developed methodology was determined. The effectiveness of the influence of static-dynamic exercises with weighting, taking into account its measuring for improving the functional preparedness of kettlebell-lifters, was established. The analysis of the stress-resistance of the blood circulatory system, according to the indicator of the reaction of the cardiovascular system on psycho-emotional stress, proved that at the end of the preparatory period, kettlebell-lifters had a high degree of stress-resistance of the cardiovascular system to external and internal influences of a different nature. The indicators of systolic and diastolic pressure of the investigated sportsmen met the age norms in accordance with the World Health Organization standards. The MOC score of the kettlebell-lifters was improved on 1,45 ml/min/kg (p&lt;0,001). <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>The expediency of the author’s methodology of training sessions use to increase the functional readiness of the kettlebell-lifters in the preparatory period was proved. In performing most of the control standards, after the preparatory period sportsmen significantly improved their functional readiness. The application of means of static-dynamic orientation helped to organize the training process on the high emotional background, which was extremely important for stimulating a great interest in the trainings. The presented data indicated on significant morphological rearrangements in the sportsmen’s organisms while forming long-term adaptation reactions to actual strength work and training for the development of strength endurance.</p> Yevhen Karabanov Anatolliy Konoh Tetiana Khrystova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 3(47) 103 108 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-03-103-108 Report on holding the 3rd International Scientific Congress of the Historians of Sports «History of Physical Culture And Sports of the European Nations» https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2150 <p>Report on holding the 3rd International Scientific Congress of the Historians of Sports «History of Physical Culture And Sports of the European Nations»</p> Svitlana Indyka ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 3(47) 109 111 Information for authors https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2151 <p>Information for authors</p> Svitlana Indyka ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 3(47) 112 115