Physical education, sport and health culture in modern society <p>ISSN 2410-2156 (Online), ISSN 2220-7481 (Print)</p> <p><strong>State registration certificate</strong> КВ № 19773-9573 ПР of 15.03.2013.</p> <p>The scientific Journal «Physical Education, Sport and Health Culture in Modern Society» is a scientific specialized edition of Ukraine, which is included to the list of scientific professional publications of Ukraine – <strong>C</strong><strong>ategory «B»</strong> (<a href="">Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine No. 1643 since 28.12.2019</a>).</p> <p>The results of the Phd and Doctoral thesis in the field of «<strong>Pedagogical </strong><strong>S</strong><strong>ciences</strong>» (on Specialties: 011 Education sciences, 014 Secondary Education (Physical Culture) (13.00.02; 13.00.04) and «<strong>Physical Education and Sport</strong>» (on Specialty 017 Physical Culture and Sport (24.00.01; 24.00.02; 24.00.03) are published in the Scientific Journal.</p> <p><strong>Year of establishment</strong>&nbsp;: 1999</p> <p><strong>I</strong><strong>nstituto</strong><strong>r: </strong><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University</a></p> <p><strong>Areas and issues:</strong> is an international periodical that covers a wide range of issues in the domains of mass sport, physical rehabilitation and sports of higher achievements. The journal includes the articles that give the history of physical education development in Ukraine and all over the world; philosophical, legal and organizational problems in physical culture; peculiarities of physical education of different groups of population; problems of professional training of physical education teachers; pedagogic technologies of physical exercises; means of working capacity renewal; peculiarities of athletes training and adapting human organism to physical activity.</p> <p><strong>Periodicity: </strong>quarterly.</p> <p><strong>Language editions</strong>: Ukrainian, Russian, English.</p> <p><strong>The journal was introduced on&nbsp;1 January 2016</strong> <strong>an electronic version in English.</strong></p> <p><strong>The journal is displayed in </strong><strong>scientometric bases:</strong> <strong>&nbsp;</strong><a title="Index Copernicus International" href=",p2492,3.html"><strong>Index&nbsp;Copernicus&nbsp;International</strong></a><strong>&nbsp;</strong>(Impact Factor ICV 2014 – 46,23; 2015 –&nbsp;57,07),&nbsp;<strong><a title="eLIBRARY" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">eLIBRARY</a></strong><strong>&nbsp;(Russian Science Citation Index) </strong>(license agreement №128-03/2015, of 12.03.2015);<strong>&nbsp;</strong>&nbsp;<strong><a title="ERIH PLUS" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ERIH PLUS</a></strong>&nbsp;;&nbsp;<a title=" Polska Bibliografia Naukowa" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">&nbsp;<strong>Polska Bibliografia Naukowa</strong></a><strong>;&nbsp;<a title="&quot;Україніка наукова&quot;" href=";I21DBN=JRN&amp;P21DBN=JRN&amp;S21FMT=fullw&amp;S21ALL=%28%3C%2E%3ETJ%3D%D0%A4%D1%96%D0%B7%D0%B8%D1%87%D0%BD%D0%B5%20%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%85%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%BD%D1%8F%2C%20%D1%81%D0%BF%D0%BE%D1%80%D1%82%20%D1%96%20%D0%BA%D1%83%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%82%D1%83%D1%80%D0%B0%20%D0%B7%D0%B4%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B2%27%D1%8F%20%D1%83%20%D1%81%D1%83%D1%87%D0%B0%D1%81%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%BC%D1%83%20%D1%81%D1%83%D1%81%D0%BF%D1%96%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B2%D1%96%24%3C%2E%3E%29&amp;FT_REQUEST=&amp;FT_PREFIX=&amp;Z21ID=&amp;S21STN=1&amp;S21REF=10&amp;S21CNR=20">Україніка&nbsp;наукова</a>;&nbsp;<a title="Ulrich's Periodicals Directory" href="">Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory</a></strong></p> <p><strong>repositories and search engines: <a title="OpenAIRE" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">OpenAIRE</a>,&nbsp;<a title="BASE" href=";refid=dclink" target="_blank" rel="noopener">BASE</a>,&nbsp;<a href=";user=JGap1gIAAAAJ&amp;view_op=list_works&amp;gmla=AJsN-F4M-a6Z7d0QkSkTEZVGmJaPevylYR0z3dnmDDcn8hsDXq6XJmwl-WbajzxOBfQNQan5auO0ZvfbxkWdnqR9UM1Mu2JQmIpEbl6AiLTvicIF37zRA_Dz2zlf-di5I-qBExFguazZ_llsuGnHADe7GQjbPIOiDQhi8AzGYv_rUI4Oe_MntlsgUr46NEupz0GWpM862O3R-QTpGzmUoz5kxFuKm-mN5w">Google scholar</a>,&nbsp;<a href="">International Committee of Medical Journal Editors</a>, <a href=";issn=22207481&amp;uid=r16d2e">Research Bible</a>, <a href="">Information Matrix for the Analysis of Journals</a>, <a title="Ukraine Scientific Periodicals" href=";I21DBN=UJRN&amp;P21DBN=UJRN&amp;S21STN=1&amp;S21REF=10&amp;S21FMT=juu_all&amp;C21COM=S&amp;S21CNR=20&amp;S21P01=0&amp;S21P02=0&amp;S21P03=PREF=&amp;S21COLORTERMS=0&amp;S21STR=Fvs" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Ukraine Scientific Periodicals</a></strong>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Editor-in-Chief: </strong><a href="/index.php/sport/about/editorialTeam">Anatolii Tsos</a>, Doctor of Science in Physical Education and Sports, Professor, Rector in Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University.</p> <p><strong>Executive editor: </strong><a href="/index.php/sport/about/editorialTeam">Svetlana Indyka</a>, PhD in physical education and sport.</p> <p><strong>Editorial address:</strong> 30/118 Vynnychenka Street,&nbsp;Building 7, Lutsk, 43025</p> <p>&nbsp;Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University</p> <p>Department of Physical Education Theory, Fitness and Recreation</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Tel</strong><strong>.:</strong>+38(0332)242178; (066)4830600</p> <p><strong>E-mail:</strong>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University en-US Physical education, sport and health culture in modern society 2220-7481 Optimization tasks in the structure of educational process of physical culture and sports higher education institutions <p><strong>The research relevance</strong>. It is proved that the implementation of professional activities by contemporary specialists at a high professional level in terms of advanced information environment provides free possession of information and communication technologies in solving professionally-oriented tasks. The scientific and pedagogical community is focused on the issue of forming information and technological competence of applicants of physical culture and sports higher education institutions. <strong>The research aims </strong>to develop methods of forming of information and technological competence of applicants of physical culture and sports higher educational institutions on the example of future tourism specialists in the process of modeling tourist flows. <strong>The research methods<em>: </em></strong>study, analysis, and systematization of literary sources and generalization of advanced pedagogical experience have been conducted to outline the importance of forming in applicants of higher education abilities to apply information and communication technologies to solve practice-oriented tasks; methods of mathematical programming were used in the process of optimization tasks development.<strong> The research results. </strong>It is proposed to improve the content of professional training of higher education applicants by forming the competence to solve professionally-oriented tasks in the process of modelling tourist flows. The idea of the method is considered in the course of solving a classic problem of a salesman, which lies in finding a minimum length closed route, which connects all points of a tourist network. <strong>The conclusions. </strong>The proposed approach is realized in the form of lectures and practical classes. The lecture covers the role and place of information and communication technologies in the service sector of consumers of tourist services, ways of their use to compile tourist routes, review of typical optimization tasks, formulation of a salesman’s task and presentation of diverse methods of finding its solutions. The practical lesson offers the collective discussion of the walking route and identification of possible ways to move, the algorithm for solving the task with the help of the Solver Add-in in Excel, where the distance matrix is also built using a Google map and images of the found route.</p> Nataliia Byshevets Nataliia Goncharova Elena Iakovenko Mikhail Rodionenko ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-01 2020-07-01 2 (50) 3 12 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-02-03-12 Origins and development of kinesitherapy in France (1847-1914) <p><strong>Introduction</strong>. The paper relevance lies in the expediency of studying the directions of rehabilitation development in those countries which are recognized as leaders in this field today. The <strong>aim</strong> of the article is to analyze the history and formation of the origins of kinesitherapy in France in the second half of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The research addressed the following <strong>objectives:</strong> studying the peculiarities of the origin and development of kinesitherapy in France in the second half of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, preconditions for the establishment of the Society of Kinesitherapy (Société de kinésithérapie / SDK) in Paris in 1900 and its activity, identification of specialists who had the greatest impact on the specified processes, as well as the reasons why kinesitherapy methods did not gain widespread popularity at the time. &nbsp;The complex of general scientific (analysis, synthesis, generalization) and special historical (historical typological and historical systemic) research methods were used to adresss the set goal and solve the research tasks. <strong>Results.</strong> Kinesitherapy originated in France in the second half of the nineteenth century. According to the experts of that time, it was a treatment / therapy with movement and massage. Among the modern researchers of the kinesitherapy history, first of all, we single out Jacques Monet and Rémi Remondière. The active formation of this trend dates back to the end of the XIX - beginning of the XX centuries, when the Society of Kinesitherapy was established in Paris in 1900. Horace Stapfer, Just Lucas Championnière, Jules Étienne Marey, Fernand Lagrange, René Mesnard, Maurice Marchais had the greatest influence on its development in the specified time period. The original quintessence of their activity was publication of the work "Manuel pratique de Kinésithérapie" in 1912. The ambiguity of the term "kinésithérapie" and its rivalry with the term "cinésithérapie", the lack of a university education system, competition with other trends, physiotherapy, in particular, are considered among the reasons why kinesitherapy has not become widespread.</p> Myroslava Danylevych Olha Romanchuk Rostyslav Koval Markiyan Stefanyshyn ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-01 2020-07-01 2 (50) 13 19 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-02-13-19 The comparative analysis of physical training teachers’ attitude to the educational reforms in the general secondary educational institutions <p><strong>The research relevance</strong>. The article highlights the implementation issues of the educational reforms in physical education of schoolchildren. The main precondition for such changes is Ukraine’s desire to integrate into the European educational space. <strong>&nbsp;The research</strong> <strong>aims</strong> to conduct the comparative analysis of the reforms support among physical education teachers provided by the “New Ukrainian School”. <strong>The research methods</strong> are analysis and generalization of literature sources, physical education teachers’ surveys on the basis of questionnaires, their mathematical processing and comparative analysis. 391 physical education teachers from seven regions of Ukraine have been interviewed: Lvivska (n=100 – 25,8%); Ivano-Frankivska (n=53 – 13,6%); Ternopilska (n=54 – 13,8%); Khmelnytska (n=48 – 12,3%); Vinnytska (n=50 – 12,8%); Dnipropetrovska (n=36 – 9,2%) and Khersonska regions (n=50 – 12,8%). 259 men and 132 women were among the interviewed teachers, corresponding to 66,2% and 33,8% accordingly. It should be noted that the survey included pedagogues with different teaching experience and qualification level. Thus, among the surveyed subjects, 175 teachers (44,8%) had the highest qualification category, 100 teachers (25,6%)&nbsp;– first, 62 teachers (15,9%) –second, and 54 teachers (13,8%)&nbsp;–&nbsp;the category of «specialist». <strong>The research results and conclusions</strong>. Different levels of support among the physical education teachers have been identified. The following innovations have the highest level of support: learning through the game methods activities both in a classroom and outside it (78,6%), and providing different forms of obtaining the secondary general education (71,3%). Integrated learning (51,6%), change in the structure of educational institution (51,6%), inclusive education (42,2%), and 12-year term of education (28,1%) have above and below average levels of support for educational reforms appropriately. The low level of support among physical education teachers has verbal assessment of students’ academic achievements (19,7%).</p> Nataliya Sorokolit Olga Rymar Olena Bodnarchuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-01 2020-07-01 2 (50) 20 25 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-02-20-25 The model of readiness formation of physical culture and sports future bachelors for leisure and recreational activities organization <p><strong>Introduction.</strong> In recent years, scientists have paid attention to the realization of a personality needs of student youth in professional, personal, and cultural development, the formation of a competitive specialist in a contemporary labour market. It should be noted that higher education needs to improve the quality of training and respond to society requirements more quickly. Therefore, significant changes in higher professional education quality are necessary. <strong>The research aims</strong> to develop the model of readiness formation of physical culture and sports future bachelors for leisure and recreational activities organization. <strong>The research methods.</strong> To achieve the set aim, the theoretical research methods were used: analysis, comparison, generalization, systematization, theoretical modelling, which were conducted to generalize the scientists’ experience who study the issue of the readiness formation of physical culture and sports future bachelors for leisure and recreational activities organization. <strong>The research results.</strong> The description and theoretical grounding of the components of this process are considered under the model of readiness formation of physical culture and sports future bachelors for leisure and recreational activities organization. The process of the model development included the following stages: analysis of the studied phenomenon, generalization of the gained experience, development of the research program. The model of readiness formation of physical culture and sports future bachelors for leisure and recreational activities organization has been developed and presented in the course of the research. The model is developed as totality of certain components and comprises psychological, pedagogical, and organizational conditions of its formation and summarizes the research results. <strong>Conclusions.</strong> The model of readiness formation of physical culture and sports future bachelors for leisure and recreational activities organization has been developed and theoretically grounded. The result is positive tendency in the readiness formation of physical culture and sports future bachelors for leisure and recreational activities organization. The model has open character, is constantly evolving and, if necessary, can be replenished with new components.</p> Olena Shynkarova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-01 2020-07-01 2 (50) 26 32 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-02-26-32 The ways of functioning of physical culture sphere in new socio-economic conditions <p>The research topic relevance. The transition of Ukraine to new economic conditions has negatively affected the activities of many sports organizations of diverse ownership forms. In this regard, it is necessary to seek and implement new forms and approaches to the organization of extracurricular physical culture, health-improving and sports mass work with different segments of Ukraine’s population, which would correspond to the contemporary socio-economic realities. The analysis of domestic theory and practice of physical education of various population groups indicates that the involvement level of citizens in motor activity in Ukraine requires the functioning of a new, modern system of physical education - sport for everyone, which is a natural result of finding effective ways ensuring accessibility of population physical activity to promote human health strengthening. The world experience has shown that the creation of sports clubs network is an effective way to improve health and increase the motor activity of citizens. The study aims to examine the ways of functioning of the physical culture sphere in contemporary socio-economic conditions. The research methods. To achieve this aim, the theoretical analysis of scientific and methodological literature and documentary materials, as well as systematic analysis of the achievements of domestic researchers on this issue, have been carried out. The research results. Contemporary Ukrainian clubs are an integral component of social, cultural and sport life of the country. They are represented in both state and commercial sectors of culture and are characterized by branched infrastructure and variety of services provided to citizens in their desire for health improvement and use of different types of motor activity. Conclusions. The combination of specially organized and independent types of health-improving motor activity in the work of physical health centres of the population is relevant at the current stage of the sports industry development in our country.</p> Maksym Yachnuk Iryna Iachniuk Iurii Iachniuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-01 2020-07-01 2 (50) 33 37 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-02-33-37 Current Situation in Teaching Physical Education at Universities in the Slovak Republic <p>The aim of the study was to draw an accurate picture of the current situation in teaching physical education at universities in the Slovak Republic. The authors seek further ways of sustaining and developing it as a prerequisite for a healthy lifestyle of the university population. The analysis confirmed that technical universities in Slovakia show a substantially more positive approach towards physical education in their curriculum than social and natural sciences universities. Of the 105 monitored faculties of public universities, physical education is listed as a compulsory subject at 13 out of 27 faculties of technical universities and only at 9 out of 78 faculties with a humanities focus. Physical edu- cation is present at every faculty of technical universities in our research; the situation is much less favorable at all other universities, where as many as 45 faculties do not offer physical education in their curriculum. Among them are faculties that educate future primary and secondary school teachers. We further found that directly affiliated university departments of Physical Education have a better chance of maintaining sport and physical activity at university, whether as compulsory part of the higher education curricula or as extracurricular optional sporting activities.</p> Alena Buková Klaudia Zuskova Agata Horbacz Erika Chovanová Natalia Bielikova Svitlana Indyka ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-01 2020-07-01 2 (50) 38 43 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-02-38-43 Przemiany w sporcie łódzkim po 1956 r <p>The sport movement along with other aspects of social life was strictly controlled in the communist countries. After Joseph Stalin’s death in 1953 the «thaw» was a hope for democratization. On the other hand, a hope for the Polish society appeared in 1956 when, after a wave&nbsp; of demands and criticism, people enforced the liberalization of home politics. The Head Committee of Physical Culture also believed in the necessity of unavoidable changes. It aimed, however, at the rigid control of the direction and the tempo of the changes by the party apparatus. Although post-October changes followed the mainstream ones, the local specificity can be noticed. They resulted, among the others, from the fact that there existed two committees of physical culture, one in the city of Łódź, the other one in the voivodeship. The process of changes in Łódzkie region was initiated by the national council of sport activists in which regional delegates participated. Both the meeting itself and further changes were scrutinously supervised by party authorities. As a consequence of talks and implemented acts the majority of clubs and associations returned to their traditional names. Sport activists expelled after 1949 were welcome to work in them. This process did not concern all of them. An attempt to reactivate ‘Sokół’ Gymnastics Association was not approved by party authorities because it was a counter proposition to The Society for the Promotion of Sport and Physical Activity ‒ a unit newly created by the communists. Previous sport sections functioning under The Voivodeship Committee of Physical Culture and Łódzki Committee of Physical Culture, after being combined, reflected county sport unions that were in operation until 1949.</p> Julian Jaroszewski ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-01 2020-07-01 2 (50) 44 52 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-02-44-52 Polish Horse-Riding School <p>The aim of the research was to recreate the processes determining the development of the concept of the Polish horse riding school. In the implementation of the previously adopted scheme, there were used methods in the field of historical and pedagogical science. As a result of the query, a lot of the material was obtained at the Central Military Archives in Warsaw and the Sports Museum in Olsztyn. It should be emphasized that the use of horses in the Republic of Poland has centuries of tradition. Yet in the 18th century, Polish horse riding school dominated in Europe. However, due to the subsequent partitions and the loss of independence, there were no conditions for further improvement of the equestrian art system. The next opportunity did not appear until 1918, when Poles created the foundation of statehood. Therefore, shortly thereafter, three military horse riding schools were established for the needs of the reviving weapon. They were dominated by the old classical-manege system, cultivated by senior officers from the former Armed Forces of Austria-Hungary. The new trends were initiated in the ranks of cavalry due to soldiers who had previously served in the army of the Russian partitioner. The results of the carried out research enabled to formulate the conclusion that allows to state that the clash of views among the officers resulted in the development of the principles of the Polish horse riding school. It was a combination of the Italian system and extensive experience of the former manege school.&nbsp; It was developed by horse riding instructors at the Cavalry Training Center in Grudziądz. Thanks to that, Polish horsemanship in the inter-war period was included in the world leaders.</p> Zbigniew Wójcik Tomasz Boraczyński Michał Boraczyński ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-01 2020-07-01 2 (50) 53 57 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-02-53-57 The influence of football classes on physical state of schoolchildren. <p><strong>The research topic relevance.</strong> To increase the efficiency of the training process and to rise mastership steadily, it is exclusively significant to consider the interconnection of physical and technical education of football players. The proper organization of the training process must promote the high level of development and reliability of those organism systems that bear the main loadings performing multiple techniques in terms of trainings and competitions. <strong>The aim and methods or the research methodology.</strong> This article aims to expand the ideas about the influence of football classes on the physical development and fitness of young football players compared to non-sports peers and to study the interconnection of physical development and formation level of particular physical qualities. The work is based on the study of 20 boys aged 8-9 years engaged in football in different secondary schools of Odessa city, who formed the experimental group. As the control group, 17 boys aged 8-9 years, who study according to the nationwide program attend physical education classes and do not play sports after school hours, have been examined. <strong>Work results and key conclusions. </strong>According to the test of special physical preparedness, despite a good average estimate, a significant number of football players have a lag in the manifestations of speed, lower limb strength and coordination skills, which demands appropriate analysis and identification of relationship with physical development parameters. The obtained results analysis allows concluding that except the training orientation on the development of speed and strength abilities, which require improvement during the training process, it is necessary to pay attention to the development of abdominal muscles, breath and lower limbs, that can be realized in the direction of special physical training and be reflected in the estimated abstracts of football training sessions in the specified groups of schoolchildren.</p> Sergii Galiuza ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-01 2020-07-01 2 (50) 60 67 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-02-60-67 Adequacy criteria of physical loadings and their use in sports, physical education, and physical rehabilitation <p><strong>The research relevance. </strong>It is known that physical loadings (FL) positively affect the organism of a person engaged in motor activity or a patient in the process of rehabilitation only when they are adequate to the functional capabilities. Today, the actual issue is the FL dosage and monitoring of the process of their impact on organism to improve the health level of people in the process of physical education, sports classes, and rehabilitation of patients. The need for finding FL adequacy criteria arises, by which would be possible to track their size and effectiveness.<strong> The research aim:</strong> to determine the FL adequacy criteria by the cardiovascular system (CVS) indicators using the model with limited FL.<strong> The research methods.</strong> The reaction to the limited FL of athletes of high qualification (HQ) and low qualification (LQ) is examined to find out the markers of CVS, according to which HQ and LQ athletes differ. Central hemodynamics (CHD) and heart rate variability indicators were studied, statistical processing of the results was performed, and correlations were revealed.<strong> The research results.</strong> It was determined that by the change of CHD parameters: heart rate (HR), cardiac index (CI), cardiac output (CO), left ventricular performance (LVP) and left ventricular power (W), blood expulsion rate (Ve), circulatory efficiency (CEC) ), Robinson's index (RI) and endurance coefficient (EC) can diagnose the adequacy of the body's response to FL, to assess the adaptive capabilities, functional reserves of the CVS, use to select and monitor the adequate FL values because these indicators are lower in HQ athletes at rest and recovery period. The most accurate markers of the adequacy of the organism's reaction to the effects of extreme loadings appeared indicators of stroke volume (SV), shock index (SI) and myocardial stress index (MSI), because they changed differently in HQ and LQ athletes both at FL and during recovery period.</p> Zoryana Korytko Eduard Kulitka Olha Bas Halyna Chornenka Vasyl Zahidnyy Taras Yakubovskyi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-01 2020-07-01 2 (50) 68 77 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-02-68-77 Particularities of the Program for Psychophysiological Indicators’ Recovery in Hсu Senior Pupils <p><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>The teaching of senior pupils is characterized by the widespread use of computers. It is established that visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, color perception, minimum separation and perception are changed under the influence of work on the monitor, but these indictors can be corrected. Our aim was to investigate the space perception and attention in HCU senior pupils and the impact of the author’s recovery program on these indicators determined by the function of cortical neurons. <strong><em>Research Methods. </em></strong>56 senior pupils aged 15–16 with emetropic refraction without ophthalmological, somatic and mental disorders were examined by psychophysiological techniques. Nonparametric method (Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test) was used for statistical analysis. <strong><em>Results. </em></strong>It was found that one-hour work on a display led to a decay of the research function at 27 %. Short-term (15 min) passive rest of the eyes did not change the value of the studied indicator in senior pupils after 60-minute visual load. Performing of a restorative and breathing exercise set after one-hour work on a display, caused a significant increase in the space perception by 22 %. This parameter reached the initial level. Our study of the stability of focused attention showed that 28,57 % of pupils belonged to the first rank, 32,14 % to the second, 25,00 % to the third, and 14,29 % to the fourth. 60-minute visual load led to a decrease in the stability of concentrated attention by 46,7 %. 15-minute passive rest did not significantly affect the stability of focused attention. Performing of restorative and breathing exercise set after 1-hour work on a display, caused a significant increase in concentrated attention (by 43,5 %). Regarding the distribution of pupils by ranks, it was found that 28,57 % of respondents belonged to the first rank, the second – 32,14 %, the third – 28,57 % and the fourth – 10,71 %. <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>Thus, the one-hour work of adolescents on displays leads to a decrease in space perception and stability of attention concentration, which does not improve after a passive 15-minute rest. These parameters recover after a set of exercises that can be recommended for use as HCUs as at educational institutions to restore visual functions and prevent visual disturbances.</p> Natalia Ulyanytska Svitlana Indyka Olga Andriychuk Olena Yakobson Natalia Grayda Volodymyr Lavrenyuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-01 2020-07-01 2 (50) 78 84 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-02-78-84 Physical development of professional single and double kayakers and canoers racing different distances <p><strong>The research relevance</strong>. In modern conditions of rowing sport development, rowers with higher morphofunctional parameters reach the finals of major competitions. There is direct dependence between the morphological indicators and the achievement level. The higher are the physical development parameters, the higher, is the result. Long-distance rowers are inferior to sprinters in their physical development. <strong>The research aims </strong>to analyze the parameters of morphofunctional state of sportsmen engaged in racing. The study included professional kayakers and canoers of both sexes aged 19-26 years. A total of 160 rowers of both sexes were surveyed. <strong>The research organization and methods.</strong> The complex examination included anthropometric measurements of physical development (length and weight of the body, chest circumference, and absolute body surface). <strong>The research results.</strong> In singles and team boats of double kayaks and canoes (men and women) at 200 meters distance, the best indicators of physical development have honoured masters of sports (HMS), the lowest - masters of sports (MS). The same tendency is observed in singles at 500 meters distance; the greatest indicators of physical development have HMS athletes, the lowest – MS athletes; international class masters of sports (ICMS) have the highest indicators of physical development in the class of double canoers. In singles and doubles at 1000 meters distance, the highest rates in kayakers of both sexes were observed in HMS athletes, the lowest - in MS athletes; the highest rates of physical development in canoeing were observed in ICMS athletes. <strong>Conclusions.</strong> Based on the obtained data, the level of morphofunctional state of the studied athletes was determined. Accounting these results will allow to assess the perspective capabilities of athletes racers and most rationally plan their long-term training.</p> Vladimir Davydov Vladimir Shantarovich Dmitry Prigodich ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-01 2020-07-01 2 (50) 85 92 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-02-85-92 The selection peculiarities of basketball players at the specialized basic training stage <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong>The key factor of the effectiveness of the long-term selection process and sports orientation in basketball is the availability of informative criteria and indicators that reflect a long-term perspective of a young sportsman. <strong>The research aims</strong> to analyze the criteria and peculiarities of the basketball players’ selection at the specialized basic training stage. <strong>The research results.</strong> The difficulty of selection in game team sports is related to the fact that in adolescence, the game content begins to approach to the terms of top sports achievements. The first 5-8 years are devoted mainly to physical and technical training. Complex tactical interactions, during which a young player’s potential is revealed, increase in the educational and training processes at the age of 14-17. Sportsmen who were considered the most promising in childhood by their anthropometric, physical and technical parameters lose their advantage over their peers. It has been determined that as criteria for assessing the sports talent of basketball players and further selection within the long-term system of sports training, it is recommended to use tests and individual indicators that characterize the level of physical and technical preparedness of basketball players. At the same time, the selection process almost does not consider the important playing abilities of basketball players, such as game intelligence and intuition, ability to make the right decisions in conditions of intense competitive activity, the ability to "see" the playground and other specific qualities that play a crucial role at the top sports achievements level. Practically all the test tasks to determine the sports talent of basketball players recommended in the special literature have an auxiliary character. <strong>Conclusions.</strong> When selecting basketball players at the specialized basic training stage and at other stages of the long-term improvement, it is necessary to take into account the level of manifestation of specific game abilities of basketball players who do not have objectively metric units and need professional expert evaluation.</p> Nikolay Bezmylov Oksana Shynkaruk Shao Zhigon ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-01 2020-07-01 2 (50) 93 102 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-02-93-102 Information about the IV International Scientific and Practical Internet Conference "Physical Activity and Quality of Human Life" <p>Information about the IV International Scientific and Practical Internet Conference "Physical Activity and Quality of Human Life"</p> Svitlana Indyka ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-01 2020-07-01 2 (50) 103 103 Information for authors <p>Information for authors</p> Svitlana Indyka ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-01 2020-07-01 2 (50) 104 107