Physical education, sports and health culture in modern society https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport <p>ISSN 2410-2156 (Online), ISSN 2220-7481 (Print)</p> <p><strong>State registration certificate</strong> КВ № 19773-9573 ПР of 15.03.2013.</p> <p>“Physical education, sport and health culture in modern society” is a specialized edition in Ukraine where the results of dissertations for obtaining&nbsp; scientific degrees of Doctor and Candidate of Science in the field of <strong>“Pedagogical Sciences”</strong> (supplement 10 to the decree of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of 12.05.2015 № 528) and <strong>“Physical Education and Sport”</strong> (supplement 17 to the decree of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of 13.07.2015 №&nbsp;747) can be published.</p> <p><strong>Year of establishment</strong>&nbsp;: 1999</p> <p><strong>I</strong><strong>nstituto</strong><strong>r: </strong><a href="http://eenu.edu.ua/en" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University</a></p> <p><strong>Areas and issues:</strong> is an international periodical that covers a wide range of issues in the domains of mass sport, physical rehabilitation and sports of higher achievements. The journal includes the articles that give the history of physical education development in Ukraine and all over the world; philosophical, legal and organizational problems in physical culture; peculiarities of physical education of different groups of population; problems of professional training of physical education teachers; pedagogic technologies of physical exercises; means of working capacity renewal; peculiarities of athletes training and adapting human organism to physical activity.</p> <p><strong>Periodicity: </strong>quarterly.</p> <p><strong>Language editions</strong>: Ukrainian, Russian, English.</p> <p><strong>The journal was introduced on&nbsp;1 January 2016</strong> <strong>an electronic version in English.</strong></p> <p><strong>The journal is displayed in </strong><strong>scientometric bases:</strong> <strong>&nbsp;</strong><a title="Index Copernicus International" href="http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/++++++++,p2492,3.html"><strong>Index&nbsp;Copernicus&nbsp;International</strong></a><strong>&nbsp;</strong>(Impact Factor ICV 2014 – 46,23; 2015 –&nbsp;57,07),&nbsp;<strong><a title="eLIBRARY" href="http://elibrary.ru/title_about.asp?id=53995" target="_blank" rel="noopener">eLIBRARY</a></strong><strong>&nbsp;(Russian Science Citation Index) </strong>(license agreement №128-03/2015, of 12.03.2015);<strong>&nbsp;</strong>&nbsp;<strong><a title="ERIH PLUS" href="https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=490414" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ERIH PLUS</a></strong>&nbsp;;&nbsp;<a title=" Polska Bibliografia Naukowa" href="https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/journals/42777" target="_blank" rel="noopener">&nbsp;<strong>Polska Bibliografia Naukowa</strong></a><strong>;&nbsp;<a title="&quot;Україніка наукова&quot;" href="http://irbis-nbuv.gov.ua/cgi-bin/irbis64r_81/cgiirbis_64.exe?C21COM=S&amp;I21DBN=JRN&amp;P21DBN=JRN&amp;S21FMT=fullw&amp;S21ALL=%28%3C%2E%3ETJ%3D%D0%A4%D1%96%D0%B7%D0%B8%D1%87%D0%BD%D0%B5%20%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%85%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%BD%D1%8F%2C%20%D1%81%D0%BF%D0%BE%D1%80%D1%82%20%D1%96%20%D0%BA%D1%83%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%82%D1%83%D1%80%D0%B0%20%D0%B7%D0%B4%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B2%27%D1%8F%20%D1%83%20%D1%81%D1%83%D1%87%D0%B0%D1%81%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%BC%D1%83%20%D1%81%D1%83%D1%81%D0%BF%D1%96%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B2%D1%96%24%3C%2E%3E%29&amp;FT_REQUEST=&amp;FT_PREFIX=&amp;Z21ID=&amp;S21STN=1&amp;S21REF=10&amp;S21CNR=20">Україніка&nbsp;наукова</a>;&nbsp;<a title="Ulrich's Periodicals Directory" href="http://www.ulrichsweb.com/ulrichsweb/faqs.asp">Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory</a></strong></p> <p><strong>repositories and search engines: <a title="OpenAIRE" href="https://www.openaire.eu/search/dataprovider?datasourceId=openaire____::3b66022e8888b1a1898db31a541a0869" target="_blank" rel="noopener">OpenAIRE</a>,&nbsp;<a title="BASE" href="https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?q=dccoll%3Aftjsport&amp;refid=dclink" target="_blank" rel="noopener">BASE</a>,&nbsp;<a href="https://scholar.google.com.ua/citations?hl=ru&amp;user=JGap1gIAAAAJ&amp;view_op=list_works&amp;gmla=AJsN-F4M-a6Z7d0QkSkTEZVGmJaPevylYR0z3dnmDDcn8hsDXq6XJmwl-WbajzxOBfQNQan5auO0ZvfbxkWdnqR9UM1Mu2JQmIpEbl6AiLTvicIF37zRA_Dz2zlf-di5I-qBExFguazZ_llsuGnHADe7GQjbPIOiDQhi8AzGYv_rUI4Oe_MntlsgUr46NEupz0GWpM862O3R-QTpGzmUoz5kxFuKm-mN5w">Google scholar</a>,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.icmje.org/journals-following-the-icmje-recommendations/">International Committee of Medical Journal Editors</a>, <a href="http://journalseeker.researchbib.com/?action=viewJournalDetails&amp;issn=22207481&amp;uid=r16d2e">Research Bible</a>, <a href="http://miar.ub.edu/issn/2220-7481">Information Matrix for the Analysis of Journals</a>, <a title="Ukraine Scientific Periodicals" href="http://www.irbis-nbuv.gov.ua/cgi-bin/irbis_nbuv/cgiirbis_64.exe?Z21ID=&amp;I21DBN=UJRN&amp;P21DBN=UJRN&amp;S21STN=1&amp;S21REF=10&amp;S21FMT=juu_all&amp;C21COM=S&amp;S21CNR=20&amp;S21P01=0&amp;S21P02=0&amp;S21P03=PREF=&amp;S21COLORTERMS=0&amp;S21STR=Fvs" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Ukraine Scientific Periodicals</a></strong>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Editor-in-Chief: </strong><a href="/index.php/sport/about/editorialTeam">Anatolii Tsos</a>, Doctor of Science in Physical Education and Sports, Professor, First Vice-Rector, Vice-Rector for Administration and Development in Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University.</p> <p><strong>Executive editor: </strong><a href="/index.php/sport/about/editorialTeam">Svetlana Indyka</a>, PhD in physical education and sport.</p> <p><strong>Editorial address:</strong> 30/118 Vynnychenka Street,&nbsp;Building 7, Lutsk, 43025</p> <p>&nbsp;Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University</p> <p>Department of Physical Education Theory, Fitness and Recreation</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Tel</strong><strong>.:</strong>+38(0332)242178; (066)4830600</p> <p><strong>E-mail:</strong>&nbsp;sport@eenu.edu.ua</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University en-US Physical education, sports and health culture in modern society 2220-7481 Ontology of the Development of the Sports Law Branch https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2034 <p><strong><em>Relevance of the Research Topic.</em></strong> The dynamic development of social relations, as well as the complication of the mechanisms of their legal regulation led to the numerous scientific discussions on the system and structure of law. This is primarily about the issue of identifying new branches of law. The modern stage of development of professional sports indicates the accumulation of a sufficiently large amount of specific features of building relationships in the field of physical culture and sports, which require their legal permission, which determines the need to form the field of sports law. <strong><em>The purpose of the research is</em></strong> to find out the necessity, validity and expediency of distinguishing the branch of sports law.<strong> <em>Methods of research</em> </strong><strong>–</strong> the analysis of literary sources and the method of historicism.<strong> <em>Results of the Study</em>. </strong>The legal system has a complex, multi-level structure containing hierarchical relationships, the central element of which is a complex of fundamental branches of law: constitutional, administrative, civil, criminal law, and others. Besides the study of issues related to the need to identify new branches of law and secondary entities in the existing system of law, there being a scientific discussion. Sports law is a complex branch of law, a special combination of norms that make up a secondary integrated education. <strong><em>Conclusions.</em></strong> It was revealed that the organizational and legal problems of the management of physical culture and sports and the legal nature of forms of management as a whole remains fundamentally insufficiently studied. It is established that in the context of the emergence and formation of the sports law branch, the very essence of sport is regarded as a complex component of physical culture, its functions and significance as a community and social phenomenon in the structure of a particular state. It is established that a complete representation of this phenomenon and its fundamental justification can be achieved only from the position of the modern theory of systems.</p> Marina Sannikova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-29 2018-12-29 4(44) 3 9 Criteria of Chronology of the Psychosomatic Systems History https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2036 <p><strong><em>Topicality.</em> </strong>In previous studies it has been established that for the qualification of systems and exercises of complex regulation of the human body’s general condition by means of physical and psychic activity, the «psychosomatic systems» and «psychosomatic exercises» terms are optimal, also the criteria of the сhronology history of which are a poorly researched link of physical culture.&nbsp;<strong><em>Formulating</em></strong><strong><em>&nbsp;the research&nbsp;problem</em>. </strong>Proceeding from the fact that psychosomatic systems are an integral part of human culture, it was assumed that the chronology of the historical development of psychosomatic systems coincides&nbsp;with the periodization of mankind`s history, culture, and physical culture. It has been established that the humanity physical culture history periodization is based on geological, morphological, socio-economic, genetic, archeological and other principles that define it unambiguously and need improvement.&nbsp;<strong><em>The </em></strong><strong><em>purpose </em></strong><strong><em>of </em></strong><strong><em>the </em></strong><strong><em>research</em></strong> is to determine the optimal criteria for the history chronology of psychosomatic systems. <strong><em>The </em></strong><strong><em>methods </em></strong><strong><em>of </em></strong><strong><em>the </em></strong><strong><em>research</em></strong> are historical, logical, and theoretical analysis of information sources. <strong><em>The result</em></strong><strong><em>s of the research.</em></strong> It is established that periodization`s principles, as the general history of mankind and its components, in particular, physical culture, are based on a number of criteria such as humanity gradual morphological evolution, tool types changes, forms of socio-economic relations, availability of writing script, having a number of disadvantages. The basic criterion of the general physical education history chronology was revealed. <strong><em>Conclusions</em></strong><strong><em>. </em></strong>The optimal basic criterion for the history chronology of psychosomatic systems and physical culture is the time period relative to the limit, which determines two periods: the I period – to our era (from ... to the end of the 1st century BC); the II period is our era (from the beginning of the 1st century AD to the present). Further research on the characteristics of ancient psychosomatic systems of different cultures will be planning.</p> Оlena Tverdokhlib ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-29 2018-12-29 4(44) 10 13 Introduction of a Special Course as an Element of Professional Training of Future Specialists in Physical Education and Sports https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2038 <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong><em>Actuality. </em></strong>Today, in the context of reforming secondary education, the «New Ukrainian School» traditionally remains a strategic priority at the state level to preserve the health of the population. To address this issue, it is necessary to strengthen the professional training of specialists in physical education and sports in higher education institutions, taking into account new requirements. In this connection, it is necessary to create appropriate conditions that promote the formation of the students' need for self-introduction of a healthy lifestyle, improve skills and abilities, accelerate the development of the personality of the student who wants to achieve a high professional level, change the ideological positions of the individual, make the student seriously, responsibly and creatively ways to attract citizens to a healthy lifestyle. <strong><em>Aim.</em></strong> To develop the program in a special course «Formation of a positive attitude towards a healthy lifestyle of citizens», which will promote the formation of professional competencies in students of physical education. <strong><em>Material and methods.</em></strong> 60 students of ІІІ–ІV courses, specialty 017 «Physical culture and sports», 014,11. «Secondary education (Physical culture)» of the faculty of physical education Central Ukrainian-Ukrainian Pedagogical University named after Volodymyr Vynnychenko were involved in the special course. During the research the methods of theoretical knowledge and specific scientific. <strong><em>Results.</em></strong> The program is presented to the special course «Formation of a positive attitude towards a healthy lifestyle of citizens», its structure and content are revealed, methodical recommendations are developed, as well as pedagogical conditions, which will promote the acquisition of professional competencies. <strong><em>Conclusions</em></strong><strong><em>.</em></strong> Introduction of the special course «Formation of a positive attitude towards a healthy lifestyle of citizens» in the process of training physical education specialists in higher education institutions will enhance the acquisition of professional competencies, the proposed action algorithm will help to acquire the necessary practical skills and carry out the transfer of knowledge from the learning situation to professional activities.</p> Viktoriia Babalich ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-29 2018-12-29 4(44) 14 20 Theoretical and Methodological Basics of Students’ Health Retaining Competence Formation of Higher Educational Institutions https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2041 <p><strong><em>Topicality</em></strong><strong>.</strong> An effective way to improve the youth health is to organize an educational process based on a competent approach that ensures the physical and mental well-being of the individual. However, the scientific literature does not adequately substantiate the information on the components and methods of students` health retaining competence formation of higher educational institutions. <strong><em>The purpose of the research</em></strong> is to develop a methodology for the formation of students’ health retaining competence of higher educational institutions and to check its effectiveness. <strong><em>Methods of the research</em></strong> <strong><em>are</em></strong> the analysis of psychological and pedagogical literature, systematization of information, pedagogical testing, questionnaires, pedagogical experiment, pedagogical observation, and mathematical statistics. 480 students were participated at the various stages of the research. <strong><em>Results.</em></strong> Health retaining competence is a system of values, interconnected and mutual influenced knowledge, skills and abilities, level of physical condition, which provide a high level of healthcare activity. The value, cognitive and activity components lay at the heart of health retaining competence. The valuable component of health retaining competence implies the presence at students of stable interest and motivation to health competence activity, an active attitude to a healthy lifestyle, the ability to reflection and self-regulation of behavior and emotional states. The cognitive component promotes the formation of a system of knowledge, skills that provide a strong state of health. The active component is characterized by systematic physical exercises; the activity in heath retaining activity; using the existing knowledge, skills at students` individual work in the field of physical education. The active component ensures the successful performance of health retaining activity and it is characterized by an adequate level of physical condition and state of health. <strong>Conclusions. </strong>The formation of health retaining competence is a purposeful and structured process that involves the formation of motivation to health retaining activity and systematic motor activity, assimilation of theoretical knowledge and practical skills, increase of physical preparedness and functionality.</p> Olena Ishchuk Anatolii Tsos ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-29 2018-12-29 4(44) 21 28 Problems of the Content of the Technical and Tactical Preparation of the Variational Module «Handball» of the Curriculum on Physical Education for General Education Institutions (Grades 5–9) https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2045 <p><strong><em>Relevance.</em></strong> The reform of education in Ukraine is carried out, among other things, through the modernization of curricula. The basis of the current curriculum in physical education for general educational institutions (grades 5–9) is the content of the program 2009 which about the needs to be improved according to professionals. The considerable activity of the public commentators precededing the introduction of changes to this curriculum in 2017, confirmed the presence of deficiencies and the need for its updating. However, as evidenced by the «Report on the work done by the working group on updating the program «Physical Education. Grades 5–9» only 10 proposals were taken into consideration account and the authors of the updated document themselves did not make significant changes to the content of the modules except for some terminological corrections. <strong><em>The purpose of the research</em></strong> is to identify the content of the technical and tactical training of the optional «Handball» module of the physical education curriculum for grades 5–9 (2017) and to find ways to eliminate them. <strong><em>Research methods </em></strong>– theoretical analysis of the regulatory framework of education, theoretical analysis and synthesis of scientific and methodological literature data. <strong><em>Results.</em></strong> The article examines the content of the technical-tactical training of the optional Handball module of the physical education curriculum for grades 5–9. The volume of the material proposed for the study, the methodical sequence of studying the technical and tactical elements, the structure frame of the educational material and its scientific nature were determined. The ways of eliminating terminological and methodical deficiencies are proposed. <strong><em>Conclusions.</em></strong> The study of the content of the optional «Handball» module of the physical culture curriculum for general education schools (grades 5–9) showed deficiencies related to an incomplete amount of material offered for study, discrepancy between the methodical sequence of mastering the elements of technology and tactics and recommendations of special literature and the terminology used.</p> Mykhailo Oliiar ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-29 2018-12-29 4(44) 29 35 The Influence of Participating in Sports on Shaping Masculine Character Traits and Individual Qualities of Pupils From Different age Groups https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2046 <p><strong><em>Actuality</em></strong><strong>.</strong> The different aspects of gender problem and gender approach in pupils’ physical education are considered in the article.&nbsp;Tasks of the article.The identifying an influence of participation in sports on shaping a gender personality type for young men and young women from different age groups.&nbsp;<strong><em>Methods</em></strong><strong>.</strong> Pupils of 3–11 grades took part in the researching.&nbsp;The total number of respondents is 692 (young men – 332, young women – 360), among which 126 pupils participate in sports (97 young men, 29 young women).The questioner worked out by Sundry Bam «Masculinity-femininity» and methods of mathematical statistics were used. The results of pupils who were taking part in the researching were stratified according to information about pupils’ sex and age. <strong><em>Results of the Work and Conclusions</em>.</strong> The knowledges of the influence of participation in sports on formation masculinity traits of teenagers’ characters were taken.&nbsp;It was founded that for young men who participates in sports, on the group level, the occurrence of masculinity becomes bigger. It is 50 % more than for men who do not participate in sports. The occurrence of masculinity, on the young women’ group level, who participate in sport more than 30 % in comparison with young women who do not participate in sports.Due to effective approaches and methods of physical activity, orientation on motor activity, pupils are consolidated with patterns of behavior and personality qualities which shape the gender. Received data&nbsp;are the ground of the further and depth studying in the sphere of&nbsp;physical culture and sport, the results of which will become a theoretical ground of<em>&nbsp;</em>the conception of the gender approach in pupils’ physical education<em>.</em></p> Oksana Marchenko ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-29 2018-12-29 4(44) 36 45 Dynamics of Daily Living Activities Indicators in Persons with Spinal Cord and Vertebral Column Injury Under the Influence of Active Rehabilitation Camps https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2047 <p><strong><em>Topicality</em></strong>. Today, the soldiers who have been injured as a result of hostilities are added to people who receive injuries of the spine and spinal cord in living conditions or in traffic accidents. Invalidation of these persons lies the loss of the ability to move or carry out activities in daily living independently. This article describes the impact of active rehabilitation camps (ARC) on improving self-care in the daily living of persons with spinal cord and vertebral column injuries. <strong><em>The purpose</em></strong> of the study is to determine the effectiveness of the ARC program for persons with spinal cord and vertebral column injuries. The effectiveness of the ARC program has been analyzed using the Barthel Activity of the Daily Living (ADL) Index in two stages, in 2004–2009 and 2013–2017. The study covered 204 people, of which 84 persons with cervical spine and spinal cord injuries, 62 with thoracic spine and spinal cord injuries, and 58 persons with lumbar spine and spinal cord injuries. The ARC program has proven a 25% increase in most indicators of everyday life. The best results have been attributed to the movement of one's own body in space, improvement of dressing skills, and overcoming of architectural obstacles. The major difficulties for ARC refer to stair climbing, independent bathing and defecation skills. It has been established that the growth of life activity indicators depends on the severity of injury, which contributed to division of participants of the experiment into groups of similar injuries.</p> Oksana Fedorovych Alina Perederiy ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-29 2018-12-29 4(44) 46 54 Construction of Base Mesocycles of Runners at Middle-Distance https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2048 <p><strong><em>Topicality.</em></strong> The issue of improving the training process of athletes is important at different stages of preparation. Therefore, the optimal construction of the training process of athletes, taking into account their functional state, becomes of increasing importance. <strong><em>The Purpose of the Study.</em></strong> To substantiate the structure and content of basic mesocycles of men who specialize in running at 800 m and 1500 m, based on their functional capabilities and special ability to work. <strong><em>Methods of Research</em></strong><strong><em>.</em></strong> The following methods were used to achieve this goal: observation, pedagogical experiment, medical and biological methods (determination of heart rate (HR) and blood lactate) and methods of mathematical statistics. The survey was attended by 10 volunteer men who specialize in middle-distance running, at the age of 17-24, who qualified as candidates for the master of sports, I and II grades. <strong><em>Results.</em></strong> It is revealed that athletes who specialize in running at 800 m and 1500 m have the highest results of running the test with 4x400 m repeated loads in the third microcycle of the base mesocycle, accompanied by the optimal functional state of the cardiovascular system and energy supply of training work. In the fourth microcycle, the results of the test and the intensity of adaptive mechanisms of the body of the athletes were reduced to the exercise load, indicating an onset of fatigue. <strong><em>Conclusions.</em></strong> The results of the relationship between the level of manifestation of the functional capabilities of athletes and the performance of specific loads during the base mesocycle became the methodological basis for the development of their sports training programs. According to the positive adaptation to training loads in men, the construction of the mesocycle remains traditional: three shock microcycles and restorative. Implementation of the proposed programs of basic mesocycles in the training process of athletes significantly improved the functionality, special performance and results of the competition.</p> Olga Roda Svitlana Kalytka Ninel Matskevych ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-29 2018-12-29 4(44) 55 63 Аналіз стану опорно-рухового апарату висококваліфікованих футболістів на початку 2-го підготовчого періоду річного макроциклу https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2056 <p><strong><em>Актуальність.</em></strong> Усе більш актуальним завданням спортивної підготовки сьогодення стає розробка адекватних засобів ефективного відновлення працездатності організму спортсменів після тренувальних і змагальних навантажень. Загальновідомо, що&nbsp; під час тренувань і змагальної діяльності вони можуть досягати критичних величин. Отже, оптимізація системи комплексного відновлення спортсменів є основою для збереження високого рівня працездатності й запобігання негативним наслідкам перенапруження під час тренувальних і змагальних навантажень. <strong><em>Мета дослідження</em></strong> – визначення функціонального стану опорно-рухового апарату (ОРА) висококваліфікованих футболістів на початку 2-го підготовчого періоду річного циклу підготовки. <strong><em>Методи дослідження</em></strong> – аналіз науково-методичної літератури, тестування гнучкості, стабілометрія, методи математичної статистики. &nbsp;<strong><em>Результати роботи</em>.</strong> Установлено, що на початку 2-го підготовчого періоду річного циклу підготовки піддослідні спортсмени характеризувалися «низьким» або «нижчим від середнього» рівнем показників гнучкості.&nbsp; Показано, що у футболістів високої кваліфікації рівень статичної опороспроможності в цьому періоді річного макроциклу відповідав значенням «середнє» та «нижче від середнього», так само, як і показники суглобової рухливості. Виявлено факти вестибулярних і пропріоцептивних порушень, які суттєво впливають на функцію рівноваги. <strong><em>Висновки</em>.</strong> Згідно з результатами рухових тестів та гоніометрії низький рівень функціонального стану ОРА футболістів після виходу із зимової відпустки свідчать про нееластичність або скороченість (спазмування) м’язів і зв’язкового апарату, що є однією з ознак їх хронічного перенапруження. Чинним дослідженням підтверджено раніше отримані експериментальні дані про зниження стабілометричних показників, що характеризують стабільність вертикальної пози, нестабільність суглобів нижніх кінцівок, наявність вестибулярних і пропріоцептивних порушень; розширено уявлення про заходи&nbsp;попередження та нівелювання негативних наслідків перевантаження ОРА висококваліфікованих футболістів. Рекомендовано включати до підготовчої й завершальної частин навчально-тренувальних занять коригувальні та профілактичні вправи за наявними методиками міофасциального розслаблення (МФР), які сприятимуть нормалізації функціонального стану ОРА й зниженню ризику травматизму.&nbsp;</p> Svetlana Kokareva Boris Kokarev Eduard Doroshenko ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-29 2018-12-29 4(44) 64 68 Вплив визначеного періоду навантаження на фізичне та технічне виконання під час чемпіонату світу з футболу 2014 р. https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2054 <p><em><strong>Вступ</strong></em><em><strong>.</strong></em> <em>Метою дослідженн</em><em>я </em><em>є </em><em>визнач</em><em>ення</em><em> вплив</em><em>у</em> <em>декількох </em><em>ігор із коротким відновленням фізичної та технічної активності, що є одним з основних </em><em>детермінантів футбольної </em><em>гр</em><em>и</em><em>.</em> <strong><em>Методи та матеріали.</em></strong> Ми розглянули часові та рухові характеристики матчів групового етапу під час чемпіонату світу з футболу в Бразилії 2014 р. Футболісти відіграли п’ять послідовних матчів упродовж чотирьох днів. Досліджено 62 фізичні та технічні профілі виконання: центральні захисники = 16, Зовнішні захисники = 14, центральні півзахисники = 8, центральні атакуючі напівзахисники = 6, зовнішні півзахисники = 11 та Форварди = 7. Для оцінки використано чотири рівні наступних чотирьох категорій інтенсивності руху: 0,0–14,0 км/год (ходьба та пробіг легкої інтенсивності, Light-ІR); 14,1–19,0 км/год (пробіг середньої інтенсивності, МІR); 19,1-23,0 км / год (висока інтенсивність пробігу, HIR) і&gt; 23,1 км / год (Sprint). <em><strong>Результати дослідження.</strong></em> Розглянуто п’ять технічних змінних: удари, паси, успішні паси, відбирання м’яча та удари від воріт. Показано, що фізичні та технічні дії не зазнали впливу під час певного періоду навантаження. Відсутня є статистична різниця у відстані між футболістами, із різною інтенсивністю, котрі займають певні позиції на полі. Значні відмінності з’явилися в ударах від воріт, прийомів, що використовуються під час захисту. Вони стосуються тільки ED, CD і CMD. <em><strong>Висновки.</strong></em> Важко аналізувати ефективність футбольних матчів, коли час відновлення між ними короткий. Потрібно провести подальші дослідження, які б визначали можливості футболістів підтримувати високу продуктивність гри в послідовних матчах із коротким періодом відновлення, а також впливом таких періодів на технічну активність.</p> Andrzej Soroka Aleksander Stuła Szymon Młynek ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-29 2018-12-29 4(44) 69 75 Інформація щодо засідання секції з фізичної культури й спорту відділення вищої освіти Національної академії педагогічних наук України https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2057 <p>Інформація щодо засідання секції з фізичної культури й спорту відділення вищої освіти Національної академії педагогічних наук України</p> Svitlana Indyka ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-29 2018-12-29 4(44) 76 78 Інформація для авторів https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2059 <p><strong>Інформація для авторів</strong></p> Svitlana Indyka ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-29 2018-12-29 4(44) 79 82