Physical education, sport and health culture in modern society https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport <p>ISSN 2410-2156 (Online), ISSN 2220-7481 (Print)</p> <p><strong>State registration certificate</strong> КВ № 19773-9573 ПР of 15.03.2013.</p> <p>The scientific Journal «Physical Education, Sport and Health Culture in Modern Society» is a scientific specialized edition of Ukraine, which is included to the list of scientific professional publications of Ukraine – <strong>C</strong><strong>ategory «B»</strong> (<a href="https://mon.gov.ua/ua/npa/pro-zatverdzhennya-rishen-atestacijnoyi-kolegiyi-ministerstva-shodo-diyalnosti-specializovanih-vchenih-rad?fbclid=IwAR2q1IuQpjcd30uNuP5vTCk-aRc6T6CPSuYZ9vFE-qt0fS47vKly1IvikDA">Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine No. 1643 since 28.12.2019</a>).</p> <p>The results of the Phd and Doctoral thesis in the field of «<strong>Pedagogical </strong><strong>S</strong><strong>ciences</strong>» (on Specialties: 011 Education sciences, 014 Secondary Education (Physical Culture) (13.00.02; 13.00.04) and «<strong>Physical Education and Sport</strong>» (on Specialty 017 Physical Culture and Sport (24.00.01; 24.00.02; 24.00.03) are published in the Scientific Journal.</p> <p><strong>Year of establishment</strong>&nbsp;: 1999</p> <p><strong>I</strong><strong>nstituto</strong><strong>r: </strong><a href="http://eenu.edu.ua/en" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University</a></p> <p><strong>Areas and issues:</strong> is an international periodical that covers a wide range of issues in the domains of mass sport, physical rehabilitation and sports of higher achievements. The journal includes the articles that give the history of physical education development in Ukraine and all over the world; philosophical, legal and organizational problems in physical culture; peculiarities of physical education of different groups of population; problems of professional training of physical education teachers; pedagogic technologies of physical exercises; means of working capacity renewal; peculiarities of athletes training and adapting human organism to physical activity.</p> <p><strong>Periodicity: </strong>quarterly.</p> <p><strong>Language editions</strong>: Ukrainian, Russian, English.</p> <p><strong>The journal was introduced on&nbsp;1 January 2016</strong> <strong>an electronic version in English.</strong></p> <p><strong>The journal is displayed in </strong><strong>scientometric bases:</strong> <strong>&nbsp;</strong><a title="Index Copernicus International" href="http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/++++++++,p2492,3.html"><strong>Index&nbsp;Copernicus&nbsp;International</strong></a><strong>&nbsp;</strong>(Impact Factor ICV 2014 – 46,23; 2015 –&nbsp;57,07),&nbsp;<strong><a title="eLIBRARY" href="http://elibrary.ru/title_about.asp?id=53995" target="_blank" rel="noopener">eLIBRARY</a></strong><strong>&nbsp;(Russian Science Citation Index) </strong>(license agreement №128-03/2015, of 12.03.2015);<strong>&nbsp;</strong>&nbsp;<strong><a title="ERIH PLUS" href="https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=490414" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ERIH PLUS</a></strong>&nbsp;;&nbsp;<a title=" Polska Bibliografia Naukowa" href="https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/journals/42777" target="_blank" rel="noopener">&nbsp;<strong>Polska Bibliografia Naukowa</strong></a><strong>;&nbsp;<a title="&quot;Україніка наукова&quot;" href="http://irbis-nbuv.gov.ua/cgi-bin/irbis64r_81/cgiirbis_64.exe?C21COM=S&amp;I21DBN=JRN&amp;P21DBN=JRN&amp;S21FMT=fullw&amp;S21ALL=%28%3C%2E%3ETJ%3D%D0%A4%D1%96%D0%B7%D0%B8%D1%87%D0%BD%D0%B5%20%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%85%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%BD%D1%8F%2C%20%D1%81%D0%BF%D0%BE%D1%80%D1%82%20%D1%96%20%D0%BA%D1%83%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%82%D1%83%D1%80%D0%B0%20%D0%B7%D0%B4%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B2%27%D1%8F%20%D1%83%20%D1%81%D1%83%D1%87%D0%B0%D1%81%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%BC%D1%83%20%D1%81%D1%83%D1%81%D0%BF%D1%96%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B2%D1%96%24%3C%2E%3E%29&amp;FT_REQUEST=&amp;FT_PREFIX=&amp;Z21ID=&amp;S21STN=1&amp;S21REF=10&amp;S21CNR=20">Україніка&nbsp;наукова</a>;&nbsp;<a title="Ulrich's Periodicals Directory" href="http://www.ulrichsweb.com/ulrichsweb/faqs.asp">Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory</a></strong></p> <p><strong>repositories and search engines: <a title="OpenAIRE" href="https://www.openaire.eu/search/dataprovider?datasourceId=openaire____::3b66022e8888b1a1898db31a541a0869" target="_blank" rel="noopener">OpenAIRE</a>,&nbsp;<a title="BASE" href="https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?q=dccoll%3Aftjsport&amp;refid=dclink" target="_blank" rel="noopener">BASE</a>,&nbsp;<a href="https://scholar.google.com.ua/citations?hl=ru&amp;user=JGap1gIAAAAJ&amp;view_op=list_works&amp;gmla=AJsN-F4M-a6Z7d0QkSkTEZVGmJaPevylYR0z3dnmDDcn8hsDXq6XJmwl-WbajzxOBfQNQan5auO0ZvfbxkWdnqR9UM1Mu2JQmIpEbl6AiLTvicIF37zRA_Dz2zlf-di5I-qBExFguazZ_llsuGnHADe7GQjbPIOiDQhi8AzGYv_rUI4Oe_MntlsgUr46NEupz0GWpM862O3R-QTpGzmUoz5kxFuKm-mN5w">Google scholar</a>,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.icmje.org/journals-following-the-icmje-recommendations/">International Committee of Medical Journal Editors</a>, <a href="http://journalseeker.researchbib.com/?action=viewJournalDetails&amp;issn=22207481&amp;uid=r16d2e">Research Bible</a>, <a href="http://miar.ub.edu/issn/2220-7481">Information Matrix for the Analysis of Journals</a>, <a title="Ukraine Scientific Periodicals" href="http://www.irbis-nbuv.gov.ua/cgi-bin/irbis_nbuv/cgiirbis_64.exe?Z21ID=&amp;I21DBN=UJRN&amp;P21DBN=UJRN&amp;S21STN=1&amp;S21REF=10&amp;S21FMT=juu_all&amp;C21COM=S&amp;S21CNR=20&amp;S21P01=0&amp;S21P02=0&amp;S21P03=PREF=&amp;S21COLORTERMS=0&amp;S21STR=Fvs" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Ukraine Scientific Periodicals</a></strong>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Editor-in-Chief: </strong><a href="/index.php/sport/about/editorialTeam">Anatolii Tsos</a>, Doctor of Science in Physical Education and Sports, Professor, First Vice-Rector, Vice-Rector for Administration and Development in Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University.</p> <p><strong>Executive editor: </strong><a href="/index.php/sport/about/editorialTeam">Svetlana Indyka</a>, PhD in physical education and sport.</p> <p><strong>Editorial address:</strong> 30/118 Vynnychenka Street,&nbsp;Building 7, Lutsk, 43025</p> <p>&nbsp;Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University</p> <p>Department of Physical Education Theory, Fitness and Recreation</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Tel</strong><strong>.:</strong>+38(0332)242178; (066)4830600</p> <p><strong>E-mail:</strong>&nbsp;sport@eenu.edu.ua</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University en-US Physical education, sport and health culture in modern society 2220-7481 Training facilities history of recreation and wellness activities https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2159 <p><strong><em>Relevance of the research topic.</em> </strong>By means of recreational and wellness activities are fitness equipment, inventory, items, all physical exercise, games, relay races − all this is fun. The main purpose of recreational-wellness activities with the help of fitness equipment, objects and inventory is the organization of leisure activities in the interests of strengthening and maintaining health, not maximizing motor performance activities. It is the study of the history creation and distribution of simulators in recreational and recreational activities will allow to determine their features functioning for different population groups. <strong><em>The purpose of the study</em></strong> is to investigate history of origination recreational and fitness equipment. <strong><em>Research methods</em>.</strong> To achieve the goal of the study used a historical approach. Within the historical approach it is active used a comparative historical method that included two types: comparative-typological method, and comparative-historical. Theoretical analysis and generalization of the literature was conducted for the purpose research historical aspects development of training facilities in recreational and wellness activities. Research results. The basics were identified during the study the origin of simulators in ancient times. The origin and mass are analyzed the spread of simulators in the second half of the nineteenth century. It is determined that the founder of modern recreational and fitness equipment activity became Swedish physician Gustav Wilhelm Zander (1835−1920), who made a real breakthrough in helping people with their health training devices. <strong><em>Conclusions</em>.</strong> The invention of simulators has a historical character since the interest in a healthy and strong body has been around since ancient times. Particular attention is paid to recreational and fitness equipment with everyone in the afternoon, because more people want to be healthy and good. With the advent of new production technologies, materials, new develop­ments in constructions, etc. you can achieve great success in the field of wellness people.</p> Elena Andrieieva Anna Hakman Svitlana Duditska Igor Nakonechnyi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-12-30 2019-12-30 4(48) 3 8 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-04-03-08 German-Polish Relationships in the Field Of Sport – From the Long Century to the Present Day – an Overview https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2161 <p><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>The development of sports and physical education have become one of the important instruments for the economic modernization and development of civil society in Poland and Germany. Sport discourse between Germans and Poles before World War I is a discourse of alienation and national conflict between the сountries. Despite the difficulties of post-war formation, countries were able to develop and intensify sports activities, which became key in establishing cultural and social relations, integrating them into the European space. <strong><em>The aim of the research</em></strong> is to determine the international nature and specificity of German-Polish sports relations through a historical and legal analysis of their origin and formation on the European continent. The following research methods were used in the paper: analysis of literary sources in sports and physical education, methods of comparative analysis, systematic approach, historical method. <strong><em>The results of the</em></strong><em> <strong>research.</strong></em> A retrospective analysis of sports, in particular the football experience of Germany and Poland in the post-war period and to the present, showed its importance in the development of international relations of both countries, as evidenced by a sufficient number of sports games, competitions, football matches, and as a result – reaching mutual understanding between peoples and successful bilateral cooperation. <strong><em>Conclusions.</em></strong> In the postwar period, the factors that led to an increase the role of sports and physical culture in society were preserved in Germany and Poland. At the same time, the tendency to intensify the intervention of state structures, political parties, public and regional organizations in spreading physical culture and using it for their own interests, including as a means of ideological influence, was clearly manifested. Physical education developed in close dependence on the political and economic conditions of these countries. At the same time, democratic transformations in Eastern Europe have led to the emergence of new trends in physical education and sport.</p> Diethelm Blecking ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-12-30 2019-12-30 4(48) 9 13 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-04-09-13 Rudolf Laban – life, teaching and choreography https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2162 <p>The article analyzes life and body of work of the famous choreographer and teacher Rudolf Laban – the author of the concept of expressive gymnastics, which was a kind of protest against the conservative methodical requirements in structure of the content of physical education classes in secondary schools. <strong><em>The purpose of the research</em> </strong>is to analyze the life course and creative activity of choreography of the teacher R. Laban. <strong><em>Research methods:</em></strong> analysis of literature from pedagogy, theory and methods of physical education and choreography. <strong><em>The results of the study.</em></strong> The expressive concept made by R. Laban basically contains the creative motor improvisation of students. It will give the teacher a wide opportunity in choosing physical&nbsp;and dance exercises, outdoor games and musical works. Their implementation stimulates activity and improvisation in motor activity in children, effectively influences the development of aesthetic feelings, from coordination of&nbsp; move­ments, combines its actions with a partner and a group. Sense of movement body weight, space, time. ect- all of those parts are being develpped. <strong><em>Conclusion.</em></strong> During his 79-years period of his life Rudolf Laban made a significant contri­bution to the development of art, pedagogy and ergonomics. His enthusiasm, energy and creativity in all areas of activity: choreography, directing, pedagogy, physical education made it possible to develop and test in practice original approaches in these areas of people. Therefore the innovative&nbsp; scientific and practical heritage of L. Laban is relevant in our time.</p> Anastasia Vilchkovskaya ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-12-30 2019-12-30 4(48) 14 18 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-04-14-18 Historical bases of formation of gender approach in physical education https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2166 <p><strong><em>Actuality.</em> </strong>The presented thesis outlines the key theoretical aspects and historical preconditions for the emergence of a gender approach in the physical education of schoolchildren. The correlation between the biological and personal characteristics of an individual are examined from the perspective of a “gender”. The main feature of this study is an interdisciplinary, cross-sectoral approach to gender, which covers the relevant philosophical, psychological, pedagogical, sociological, legal and other aspects to its understanding. A syncretic combination of information from the theory and practice of physical education, pedagogy, psychology in the context of the organization of training and education of schoolchildren in the process of their gender socialization is noted. <strong><em>The aim of the study</em></strong><em>.</em> Studying the historical bases of the formation of gender approach in the structure of development of physical culture and sports. <strong><em>Methods.</em></strong> Theoretical methods of research were used: analysis, comparison, generalization, systematization, theoretical modeling. <strong><em>Results</em>.</strong> Substantiation of the research issue relevance, analyses and summarizes the data of domestic and foreign authors on the historical background of differentiated physical education of young people, establishes the essence of “gender” phenomenon, considers the historical aspect of the gender approach emergence in pedagogical science, characterizes the development of gender studies in Ukraine. By systematizing the essential content of the category “gender” in the context of psychological and pedagogical research, we ascertain its different interpretations by researchers, consider the historical aspect of the emergence of a gender approach in pedagogical science, and characterize the features of the development of gender research in Ukraine. It has been established that the factors influencing the priorities of using the gender approach in pedagogy are the debatable issues of the predominance of two paradigms: sociocultural and socio-biological, which convincingly confirms the need to attract new knowledge in the field of physical culture and sports with identifying priority areas for the impact of the targeted influence of the gender approach on the formation of values individual physical culture of schoolchildren. <strong><em>Conclusions</em></strong>. The historical aspect of the formation of a gender approach in the field of physical culture and sport has certain differences and peculiarities, which makes it a separate area of gender cognition, according to which all pedagogical and socio-cultural aspects in physical education of young people can have a gender dimension.</p> Tetiana Krutsevych Oksana Marchenko Vitalii Melnik ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-12-30 2019-12-30 4(48) 19 31 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-04-19-31 Theoretical and pedagogical prerequisites for the development of physical education of children and young people on Polish lands (the second half of the 19th – the beginning of the 20th century) https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2167 <p>The article is devoted to the problems of the development of theoretical thought of Polish scientists, doctors and public figures in the field of physical education of children and young people in the second half of the 19th – early 20th century. The basic concepts of physical education in the system of preschool and school education on Polish lands in this historical period are analysed. The attention of Polish researcher during that time was mainly focused on the introduction of systematic physical education classes in all types of schools, use of mobile games in the educational process, the popularization of physical education in kindergartens, the involvement of parents in the process of physical education of children in the family, vocational training and training of physical education teachers and others. <strong><em>The purpose of the study</em></strong><em>. </em>Determination of the main directions and trends in the development of theoretical thought of Polish scientists, doctors and public уfigures in the second-half of the 19th – beginning of the 20th century in the field of physical education of children and youth. <strong><em>Research methods</em></strong> – the study of literary sources, archival documentary materials, theoretical analysis and synthesis of the data. <strong><em>The results of the study</em>.</strong> In the second half of the 19th – early 20th centuries the problem of physical education became an integral element of the programs of pedagogical congresses of Polish teachers, which drew attention to the exceptionally important role of physical education in the education of the younger generation, as well as in raising the general health level of the population. <em>&nbsp;</em>Polish scientists, educators, doctors took an active part in number of European congress and forums that were held in the early twentieth century, which addressed the problems of physical education, health and hygiene of children and young people. The 9th congress of Polish teachers and biologists, which took place in 1900 in Krakow, played a significant role in popularizing the physical education of children and youth in the Polish society. For the first time during such forums, a special section was organized on the subject of physical education of children and youth. <strong><em>Findings.</em> </strong>The analysis made suggests that despite the many difficulties in the process of organizing physical education in preschool and school education on Polish lands during this historical period (weak material basis for conducting physical education classes; lack of trained teachers of this subject; conservatism of the management of some schools). The practical development of physical education of the younger generations has made significant progress compared to previous decades.</p> Vоlоdуmуr Pasichnуk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-12-30 2019-12-30 4(48) 32 37 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-04-32-37 Determinants of the Evolution of Physical Culture in the Koszalin Region in 1945−1950 https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2169 <p>In the first post-war years, in the Koszalin region there was a multi-million migration related to the settlement of the so-called Recovered Territories. Rapid development and settlement of the largest number of Poles in the area became one of the most important tasks after the end of hostilities. It should be noted that the population that came to the so-called The Recovered Territories, built from scratch, living conditions and certain areas of social life, including cultural and sporting life. Among the settlers who arrived in Koszalin, there were pre-war sports activists, players, members of associations and clubs who, apart from professional activities, took up the organization of sport. In a new, uneasy situation, Poles’ environments organized their cultural and sporting lives without closing to the emerging and mixed communities. The first organizational units of physical culture in Central Pomerania were sports clubs, which primarily formed at selected professional groups, the most active were groups of railwaymen, militiamen and craftsmen. Sport in this area was more than just competition or “fun for the body and soul”, it also served to integrate the settled population. This applied not only to rivals competing with each other, but also fans watching sporting events, which became a way of spending time and an opportunity to celebrate together. Not only, however, they also influenced the formation of social bonds. Cooperative works for the development of sport formed the foundation of a new social life.</p> Agnieszka Połaniecka Anna Błaszkowska ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-12-30 2019-12-30 4(48) 38 45 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-04-38-45 Professional adaptation of students with various types of the nervous system in terms of pedagogical practice https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2170 <p><strong><em>Topicality.</em></strong> The article deals with the actual problem of students professional adaptation in the conditions of pedagogical practice in institutions of general secondary education. The focus is on the individual typological features of students. On the basis of the analysis of scientific works, it was revealed that adaptation is determined by the characteristics based on the specifics of creative, educational and professional activity acquired by students in the process of learning. <strong><em>The aim of the study</em></strong> involves the investigation of students adaptation opportunities taking into account different types of nervous system in terms of pedagogical practice. <strong><em>Research methods.</em></strong> Analysis of psychological and pedagogical literature, psychological methods of research, questionnaires, surveys, methods of qualitative and quantitative analysis. <strong><em>Results</em></strong><strong><em>.</em></strong> Based on the study of scientific works, we have found that students with a strong inert and weak nervous system are characterized with constructive component &nbsp;domination at the beginning of their independent pedagogical practice. Basic characteristic features of practical activity of the students with a strong active nervous system is the ability to improvise and to maximize the mobilization of their acquired abilities and skills, as well as to provide creative operational decisions for the set of educational tasks. An analysis of both groups practical activities has showed that adaptation to the conditions of the practice base requires students to mobilize their &nbsp;adaptation opportunities. The process of adaptation potential inforcement among future teachers of physical culture, while taking into account different types of nervous system (especially the levels of excitation and inhibition processes, as well as the level of the nervous processes mobility) has some individual peculiarities in the professional activity. <strong><em>Conclusions.</em></strong> In the framework of pedagogical it was identified the factors of influence on professional adaptation among students with different typological peculiarities of the nervous system. It depends on the nature of the factors themselves, as well as on the professional and psychological features, young peoples’ physical preparation for independent work and on their attitude to work. The speed of professional adaptation process is one of the indicators of training quality growth in higher education institutions.</p> Nina Dedeliuk Nadiya Kovalchuk Elena Tomashchuk Tetyana Gnitetska Lyudmila Vashchuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-12-30 2019-12-30 4(48) 46 50 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-04-46-50 European standards of school physical education https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2171 <p><strong><em>Topicality.</em></strong> One of the trends of school physical education in foreign countries is the creation of state standards in this area. Studying the features of European standards for the physical education of schoolchildren and the possibilities of applying foreign experience in the system of general secondary education in Ukraine will increase the level of organization of the educational process. <strong><em>The purpose of the study</em></strong> is to study the characteristics of European standards for the physical education of pupils to analyze the possibilities of using foreign experience in the education of Ukrainian schools. <strong><em>Research methods:</em></strong> analysis, synthesis and generalizing of data from scientific and methodological literature and documentary materials. <strong><em>The results of the study.</em></strong> Delegates of European countries created the European framework of quality physical education, declaring a standard-oriented approach to the physical education of students. This approach provides for the acquisition of students’ competencies in various forms: 1.&nbsp;Motor competence; understanding of its role regarding involvement in various types of physical activity throughout life. 2. Understanding the importance of regular physical activity in order to achieve and maintain the proper level of health and physical fitness throughout life. 3. Understanding the importance of good nutrition, personal hygiene, and the prevention of stress to increase the effectiveness of health-improving physical activity and its contribution to physical well-being. 4. Understanding the importance of self-perception and self-esteem, the manifestation of responsible personal and social behavior, the manifestation of self-esteem and respect for others. 5. Understanding the importance of systematizing, planning, implementing and evaluating strategies and applying knowledge of concepts, principles, strategies and tactics of a healthy lifestyle. <strong><em>Conclusions.</em></strong> An integrated approach to the formation of a set of physical education standards can be used to create software and normative support for the physical education system of Ukrainian schoolchildren, which provides the formation of competencies in the motor, social, cognitive, affective spheres of child development.</p> Natalia Moskalenko Artem Yakovenko Tatyana Sidorchuk Oksana Marchenko Marchenko ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-12-30 2019-12-30 4(48) 51 54 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-04-51-54 Aerobic Physical Activity in Nature as Compensation for Type A Behavior https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2172 <p class="29">The aim of this theoretical article is to point out on the bases of scientific findings the relationship between aerobic physical activity in nature as compensation for the type A behavior. Type A behavior as a risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD) continues to be an important subject of study in today´s society. Physical activities in the nature, also called green exercise, are of significant relevance in the context of human health research, given our present lifestyle. They address mainly the aerobic regime of physical activities as a prevention of many diseases through improvements in cardiovascular system and skeletal muscles. The authors focused on the issues related to the types A and B of personality behavior developed by Mayer Friedman and Ray H. Rosenman. Aerobic exercise activities, as significant prevention of heart diseases, deal with the compensation of precisely the A type risk behavior. The authors clarify this premise on practical examples. Even with the passage of several decades this issue has not been sufficiently researched. Its application in real life is quite justifiable due to<span style="background: white;"> increasing environmental changes and sedentary lifestyle</span>. This article points out how different findings need to be linked in practice as a part of the necessary interdisciplinary collaboration of experts in the areas of medicine, psychology and sports.</p> Klaudia Zusková Mirosław Paweł Górny ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-12-30 2019-12-30 4(48) 55 60 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-04-55-60 Activation vigorous physical activity of men in the summer period by lifestyles https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2176 <p><strong><em>Topicality.&nbsp;</em></strong>Vigorous and moderate physical activity is an important component of the health of young and middle-aged men. Against the backdrop of a total low-life lifestyle, the activation of vigorous physical activity (VPA) for men by accessible and natural lifestyle components that alter the daily energy balance becomes relevant, taking into account seasonality factors. <strong><em>The purpose of the</em></strong> research is to analyze the effectiveness of the method of natural activation of VPA in young and middle-aged men by correcting the energy balance of the body in the summer season.<strong><em> Research methods</em></strong>: at the first part, the physical condition of men, their physical activity and nutrition were examined on the eve of VPA; the IP calculated the ratio of the number of steps taken to the amount of consumed food grams and the relative weight of the consumed products of animal and vegetable origin; the obtained data were compared with the daily indicators. The result was the individual models of the ID alsow the relative weight of the consumed animal and plant products too. At the second part of the experiment, men were purpose to fully following these models. At the end of experimental we compared the physical state results of men with the initial. <strong><em>Results:</em></strong> the basis of experimental models were the differences between the days before the VPA and the usual ones: IP – 44,58 %, total physical activity – 21,31 %, relative weight of animal products – 14,65 %, relative weight of plant products – 10,62 %, The relative weight of all consumed products is 10.04 %. The basis of the model of the lifestyle of men in the forming experiment was the individual IP − Me = 1,66 steps per gram of consumed food during the day, which was observed by men on the eve of VPA. The method of correction of men’s energy balance on the eve of VPA allowed to increase the number of classes per week of VPA, by 45,89 %; the number of VPA steps by 25,08 %; time taken to take 11,41 %. Positive changes were observed in the physical condition of men too. <strong><em>Conclusions:</em></strong> The developed method of natural activation of VPA of men with lifestyle components, based on simulation of daily energy balance of the organism, proved to be effective. Increasing the body’s energy reserves stimulates the desire for VPA classes the following day in the summer period.</p> Oles Pryshva Ivan Glukhov Nikolay Kruglik ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 4(48) 61 67 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-04-61-67 The effect of Cycle training on the physical condition of young women https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2177 <p><strong><em>Relevance of the research topic.</em></strong> Cycle is an aerobic kind of sport, as it influences the strengthening of cardiovascular system, muscles development, increases the level of general and special endurance and enables to correct weight parameters. Despite the advancement of modern fitness technologies and the large number of fitness programs developed, most of them are not based on a deep understanding of the functional mechanisms of training women in reproductive age, and do not take into account the problems of individualization in order to optimize its effectiveness. <strong><em>Purpose and research methods.</em></strong> The purpose of the work is to devise the methods of Cycle training lessons and reveal the efficiency of their influence on the rate of the physical sate of young women. The contingent of the research is young women, who worked out in the gym “Hammer”. In the research we have implemented such methods: method of pedagogical testing of physical training, medical-biological methods of the evaluation of functional condition of cardiovascular and respiratory system, pedagogical experiment, focused on implementing the methods of Cycle training to increase the rate of functional and physical training level of young women, method of mathematic statistics. <strong><em>Results and key conclusions.</em></strong> Cycle training lessons demonstrate positive results of test’s rate level from 11,3 to 39,6 %. It has been revealed that discrepancy between initial and final data of all the four test parameters are valid (two of them refer to physical training – even running for 2000 m., arm bending and extension in the upper arm support position, two parameters refer to functional physical training&nbsp; – Ruffier functional test, the index of Harvard’s step-test) (р&nbsp;&lt;&nbsp;0,05, р &lt; 0,01). It proves the statement as for the direct influence of Cycle fitness-trainings on the mechanisms of functional adaptation to long physical activity.</p> Yevhenii Strykalenko Oleh Shalar Rehina Andrieieva Ihor Zhosan Viktoriia Koval Oksana Shvets ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 4(48) 68 73 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-04-68-73 Using of tennis elements as a way to in crease physical activity of primary school children https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2178 <p><strong><em>Relevance</em></strong><em>.</em> Nowadays the sedentary lifestyle is increasing among children which influence for delayed development of physical qualities. That’s why preserving and improving the health of primary school children, increasing their physical activity, development and improvement of physical qualities is the main task of physical education of primary school children. <strong><em>Goal</em></strong> – substantiate the methodology of organization physical education lessons for primary school children using tennis elements to improve physical activity level. <strong><em>Research organization</em></strong>. In the study involved 64 children (boys, girls) 8-9 years old. Children are assigned to the main medical group for health reasons. We saved all the study topics, hours and lessons structure, but divided the semesters into blocks. For a harmonious development, we performed elements and exercise with both right and left hands. Using of tennis elements was introduced into the process of physical education in each lessons. <strong><em>Results.</em></strong> Investigated the effectiveness of the developed methodology comparing the results of the control and experimental group. Determined that the children of the experimental group had significantly lower level of health problems think’s to the use of tennis elements in physical education lessons. And the results of the physical fitness level were significantly better. Namely: muscle fat of hands increased 6,33 and 3,21 times (respectively for boys and girls); speed-strength physical qualities – 5,34 and 4,19 times, torso muscle strength – 4,94 and 4,07 times; coordination – 4,05 and 3,26 times; flexibility – 5,14 and 6,18 times; speed – 3,01 and 2,59 times. <strong><em>Conclusion.</em></strong> The results show the effectiveness of the developed methodology, which is aimed at the use of tennis elements during physical education lessons in the primary school.</p> Liudmyla Shuba Viktoriia Shuba ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 4(48) 74 81 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-04-74-81 Problem of development of speed-coordination characteristics of senior students https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2179 <p><strong><em>Relevance.</em></strong> Sad realities of physical education lessons, sport clubs, moving breaks, physical activities and pauses prove that out “generation Z” is completely uninterested in “retrospective” and “borrowed” methods of training in modern school.<strong> <em>The purpose of the research</em></strong> is to analyze the problem of development of speed-coordination abilities of student of grades 10−11.<strong> <em>Research methods</em></strong>. Theoretical analysis and synthesis, analysis of scientific and methodological literature, methods of mathematical statistics.<strong> <em>Researchers</em></strong><em>.</em> This research work was conducted on the basis of the Lyceum − boarding school № 23 “Cadet Corps” with intensive military-sports training of the Shevchenko district, Kyiv. During researching 106 students of grades 10−11 were involved (n = 106). Children and their parents were informed of all the peculiarities of the study and agreed to participate in the experiment.<strong> <em>Research results</em></strong><em>.</em> In the analysis of the obtained indicators of speed-coordination abilities with the help of the “Double Arrow” test, the following results were found: the average result is 19,57 ± 1,25 s. The best average result is 17,0 s., And the worst average is 23,69 with. Thus, the following data indicate that the students studied in grades 10−11 show a stability of the results within 18−21 s.<strong> <em>Conclusion</em></strong><em>. </em>It was proposed the test for assessing the development of speed-coordination abilities of children. An analysis of the research work made it possible to find out that the development of speed-coordination abilities is one of the inalienable components of the training process for students and young athletes. But at the same time it remains to stay one of the least developed sections of training in sports. The introduction of the “Double Arrow” test for speed-coordination training of young athletes and students will contribute to better assimilation and improvement of physical fitness data.</p> Vadim Shchyrba ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 4(48) 82 87 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-04-82-87 Awareness of Patients with Metabolic Diseases of the Importance of Physical Activity in Treating Their Disorders https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2180 <p>Non-communicable chronic diseases, including metabolic diseases, represent a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Regular physical activity is considered a crucial component of improving the health condition of people suffering from metabolic diseases. Prescription of physical activity by the general physician or other medical specialist can influence patientsˈ behaviour in a significant way. <strong><em>Objective:</em></strong> To get acquainted with the fulfilment of recommendations for performing physical activities by patients with metabolic diseases. <strong><em>Methods:</em></strong> The study group consisted of 407 patients diagnosed with some of the metabolic diseases. One of the important criteria for inclusion in the study was the fact that the diagnosis did not prevent performance of physical activity. To obtain the research data we used the questionnaire method - a questionnaire compiled for the needs of this particular research. <strong><em>Results:</em></strong> Patients involved in our study, in the prevention and treatment of their health problems, put particular emphasis on nutrition and eating habits. In terms of priorities, physical activity is only ranking third in this respect. The vast majority of patients involved in the study had been informed about the importance of purposeful physical activity by physicians; however, nearly half of the patients admitted their lack of willingness to carry out any form of it. The most common activities that patients undertake are domestic chores and walks. <strong><em>Conclusions:</em></strong> The data obtained suggest that some patients are not sufficiently physically active, a number of them are not even aware of the role and importance of physical activity in the treatment of their disease. There are even patients who do not consider such information relevant. This study was supported by Grant project 1/0825/17 «Recommendations for physical activities in prevention and control of non-communicable diseases and their implementation in the eastern part of Slovakia», implemented at Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice.</p> Alena Buková Agata Horbacz Lenka Szerdiová Ladislav Kručanica Zuzana Küchelová Ján Junger Iveta Cimboláková Silvia Duranková ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 4(48) 88 95 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-04-88-95 Selection criteria and content of physical therapy for persons with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2181 <p><strong><em>Topicality</em>.</strong> The high incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), decreased performance and the high cost of treatment make important to find ways to improve both medical therapy and rehabilitation. The effectiveness of physical therapy and pulmonary rehabilitation programs for patients with COPD has been proved. The implementation of modern developments in this area in clinical practice in Ukraine is necessitates. <strong><em>Goal</em>.</strong> To substantiate the scope and content of physical therapy for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on different levels of medical care. <strong><em>Research methods</em></strong><em>.</em> Analysis and synthesis of data from special scientific and methodological literature on physical therapy of COPD, processing online sources, including the database of the National Medical Library of the National Institute of Health of the United States and the evidence base of physical therapy Pedro. <strong><em>Results</em></strong><em>.</em> An algorithm for choosing physical therapy for patients with COPD was proposed. It based on analysis of 13 clinical guidelines of the management and rehabilitation of COPD, taken into account the laws of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine and the course of the disease. Recommendations on the scope of physical therapy, depending on the course of the disease and levels of medical care<strong>. <em>Conclusions</em></strong><em>.</em> Physical therapy is a necessary component of rehabilitation during COPD exacerbation and is an essential part of a pulmonary rehabilitation program with a stable COPD. The criteria for choosing the amount of physical therapy determined the patient’s condition, level of dyspnea, FEV1 indicator, level of physical activity and working capacity.</p> Kateryna Tymruk-Skoropad Iuliia Pavlova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 4(48) 96 108 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-04-96-108 Technology of individualization of the training process of the multi athletes in the field of higher achievements in the preparatory period of the macrocycle https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2182 <p>Due to the lack of standard athletics training programs at the senior level, professionals prioritize an individual approach to building the annual cycle. However, the development of this trend in the training process of decathlon athletics until recently has not received a comprehensive theoretical, methodological and practical solution. The <strong><em>purpose</em></strong> is to develop and use an algorithm for constructing an individual training program for decathletes in athletics during the macrocycle preparatory period. The scientific works reveal the peculiarities of construction and structure of the training process, the ways of the development of physical fitness and improvement of the technical preparedness of athletes of different qualifications. But to a large extent, the challenges of preparing track and field athletics at the senior stage remain largely unsolved. This is due to traditional&nbsp; approaches to the organization of the training process, which are based on the principles of ever-increasing training loads without proper attention to the recovery processes. <strong><em>Results</em></strong><em>.</em> The study was conducted on the basis of Vinnytsia Junior Track and Field Athletics. The study involved all-rounders (n=5) with the sports qualification of master of sports of Ukraine with training experience of 8 to 10 years. The study was conducted during the preparatory period of the autumn macrocycle (October 2018 − January 2019). The algorithm of construction of the individual training program of decathlon athletics was developed by us, which includes the following sequence of actions: a) determination of the initial level of technical, physical and functional readiness of the athlete achieved during the previous macrocycle; b) development of an individual training fund for the preparatory period; c) purposeful allocation of groups of training facilities in training sessions and microcycles of general preparatory and special-preparatory stages taking into account the individual needs of development of basic components of physical training, technical qualities and performance of competitive disciplines; d) defining a strategy for the implementation of a program of sports training for maximum training effect; e) monitoring the effectiveness of the implementation of the program and identifying problems to be resolved. The use of the algorithm resulted in a statistically significant improvement in the rates of speed, endurance, overall endurance, alactate, lactate, aerobic capacity and physical performance.</p> Vadim Adamchuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 4(48) 109 116 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-04-109-116 Удосконалення швидкісно-силових якостей спринтерів на етапі початкової підготовки https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2183 <p><strong><em>Relevance of research</em>.</strong> The article deals with work in children’s and youth sports schools in the stages of initial training, which are characterized by a great variety of means and methods of training, which require the organization of young sportsmen, an initiative that promotes the improvement of all physical qualities and the upbringing of organizational skills and hard work of children. Physical education and sports, in particular, contribute to the comprehensive development of young athletes, in close connection with mental, moral, aesthetic education and labor education. Increasing the effectiveness of training young athletes - the most acute problem of school sports. The work of many sports schools is characterized by the loss of sports talents, as well as the lack of interest of children in sports. Traditional dissociation of general and sports schools in solving the problems of mass youth sports, lack of conformity of organizational forms of preparation by the achievements of modern methods. <strong><em>The purpose of the research</em> </strong>is to develop and experimentally substantiate the program of development of speed and power qualities of athletes at the stage of initial training.. <strong><em>The purpose of the study</em></strong> consisted in determining the level of development of speed and power qualities of athletes at the stage of initial training, development of the program of development of speed and power qualities of sprinters, verification of the effectiveness of this program. <strong><em>Research methods</em>:</strong> analysis of scientific and&nbsp;methodological literature, pedagogical observation, pedagogical testing, pedagogical experiment, methods of mathematical statistics.<em> <strong>Results of the research</strong>. </em>The results of the conducted researches show that under the influence of the developed technology indicators of speed and power qualities of young athletes have probably improved: from running at 30 m from a low start by 6,63&nbsp;%, from running at 30 m from running − by 7,09&nbsp;%, from running 300 m − by 1,27&nbsp;%, long jump from the place − by 4,21&nbsp;% and throw of the kernel by two hands by 41,4&nbsp;%. <strong><em>The results</em></strong> of the pedagogical experiment show that the training process of athletes at the stage of initial training has its own specificity, due to their anatomical and physiological and psychological characteristics, as well as adaptation to the new conditions that result from the combination of training with training. Therefore, there is a need to look for new techniques and training methods that take into account the identified features.&nbsp;</p> Oksana Savolainen Valerii Kuznetsov Oleksandr Valkevych Roman Cherkashyn Nadiia Karabanova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 4(48) 117 123 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-04-117-123 Morphofunctional condition of young female swimmers with different types of development https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2184 <p><strong><em>Topicality</em>.</strong> The main purpose of the training process is achieving the necessary level of development of leading functions at all stages of long-term training. For planning the long-term preparation and assessment of the athlete’s prospects, it is necessary taking into account sexual characteristics, individual rates and terms of biological maturation. <strong><em>The purpose of the </em></strong><strong><em>research</em></strong> is to analyze the indicators of morphofunctional status of female athletes engaged in swimming. <strong><em>Materials and methods of </em></strong><strong><em>the research</em></strong>. The survey involved 106 female athletes of various sports qualifications engaged in swimming. 12 surveys were conducted during the 2016−2019 in accordance to full anthropological program. Anthropometric measurements, indicators of the components of body mass, body proportions, biological age, morphofunctional condition of swimmers were determined in the research using special scales for assessment of the morphofunctional preparedness the girls (11−18 years of age) for swimming. <strong><em>The research results</em></strong><em>.</em> As a result of the conducted research, the parameters of total, transverse, grasp body sizes, indicators of components of body mass composition and functional indicators of qualified female athletes of 11−16 years were established. A high increase in length, body weight and chest circumference was observed in the age of 13 to 14 years. It was revealed that 5,48&nbsp;% of women athletes engaged in swimming are low morphological status, 47,26&nbsp;% average, 36,36&nbsp;% and 10,90&nbsp;% girls have high morphological status. The obtained results indicate that in the studied age groups, 52,8&nbsp;% female athletes have got retarded type of development, 31,6&nbsp;% of them are with normal (average) type of development and 15,6&nbsp;% female athletes – with accelerated type of development. <strong><em>Conclusions</em></strong><em>.</em> Based on the obtained data, the level of morphofunctional condition of the studied female athletes was determined. Taking these results into account will allow to evaluate the prospects of female swimmers and to plan their long-term training in the most rational way.</p> Volodymyr Davydov Anna Mankevych ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 4(48) 124 128 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-04-124-128 Identyfikowanie róznic w sprawności działania zespołów zwycięskich i pokonanych podczas Mistrzostw Świata – Rosja 2018 https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2186 <p>Systematically undertaken analyzes of football pitch activities, especially in championship tournaments, are conducive to ongoing monitoring of players’ behaviors on the pitch as well as identifying trends in football game. Such actions allow training verification and the use of modern and current reality-related changes in game tactics. These are also changes in motor and mental preparation of the players. <strong><em>Purpose and Research Methods</em></strong><em>.</em> The aim of the study was to indicate the influence of the situational variable, which was the outcome of the match (victory or defeat) of the teams directly competing with each other on the efficiency of actions during the World Championships Russia − 2018. ProZone game analysis system was used as a research method. <strong><em>Results of Work</em></strong><em>.</em> It was stated that the winning teams: in all analyzed parameters of shots on goal, activity and effectiveness of short- and medium-range passes, keeping the ball in the penalty area, dribbling, sliding tackle and effectiveness of clearance, achieved&nbsp;significantly higher values of analyzed parameters than teams losing matches in direct competition. In this championship tournament there were no significant tendency changes in the analyzed game parameters affecting the development of football. <strong><em>Conclusions.</em></strong> There should be carried out systematic studies especially of championship tournaments as well as players and teams at a championship level in order to observe and set new football trends. Apart from goal shots, which are definitely preferred by winning teams, other activities are characterized by leveling out the game efficiency between winning and losing teams. This applies especially to the quality parameters of the game.</p> Szymon Mlynek Aleksander Stuła Andrzej Soroka ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 4(48) 129 134 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-04-129-134 Informacja o V. Miedzynarodową Konferencję Naukową «SPORT REKREACYJNY, ZDROWIE, JAKOŚČ ŻYCIA» https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2187 <p>Informacja o V. Miedzynarodową Konferencję Naukową&nbsp; «SPORT REKREACYJNY, ZDROWIE, JAKOŚČ ŻYCIA»</p> Svitlana Indyka ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 4(48) 135 135 Information for authors https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2188 <p>Information for authors</p> Svitlana Indyka ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 4(48) 136 139