https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/issue/feed Physical education, sports and health culture in modern society 2019-08-06T14:38:32+00:00 Anatolii Tsos - Tsos.Anatoliy@eenu.edu.ua Open Journal Systems <p>ISSN 2410-2156 (Online), ISSN 2220-7481 (Print)</p> <p><strong>State registration certificate</strong> КВ № 19773-9573 ПР of 15.03.2013.</p> <p>“Physical education, sports and health culture in modern society” is a specialized edition in Ukraine where the results of dissertations for obtaining&nbsp; scientific degrees of Doctor and Candidate of Science in the field of <strong>“Pedagogical Sciences”</strong> (supplement 10 to the decree of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of 12.05.2015 № 528) and <strong>“Physical Education and Sport”</strong> (supplement 17 to the decree of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of 13.07.2015 №&nbsp;747) can be published.</p> <p><strong>Year of establishment</strong>&nbsp;: 1999</p> <p><strong>I</strong><strong>nstituto</strong><strong>r: </strong><a href="http://eenu.edu.ua/en" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University</a></p> <p><strong>Areas and issues:</strong> is an international periodical that covers a wide range of issues in the domains of mass sport, physical rehabilitation and sports of higher achievements. The journal includes the articles that give the history of physical education development in Ukraine and all over the world; philosophical, legal and organizational problems in physical culture; peculiarities of physical education of different groups of population; problems of professional training of physical education teachers; pedagogic technologies of physical exercises; means of working capacity renewal; peculiarities of athletes training and adapting human organism to physical activity.</p> <p><strong>Periodicity: </strong>quarterly.</p> <p><strong>Language editions</strong>: Ukrainian, Russian, English.</p> <p><strong>The journal was introduced on&nbsp;1 January 2016</strong> <strong>an electronic version in English.</strong></p> <p><strong>The journal is displayed in </strong><strong>scientometric bases:</strong> <strong>&nbsp;</strong><a title="Index Copernicus International" href="http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/++++++++,p2492,3.html"><strong>Index&nbsp;Copernicus&nbsp;International</strong></a><strong>&nbsp;</strong>(Impact Factor ICV 2014 – 46,23; 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(066)4830600</p> <p><strong>E-mail:</strong>&nbsp;sport@eenu.edu.ua</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2092 Sumo in the life of children and youth today 2019-08-06T10:01:26+00:00 Ruslan Bairamov anastasiabond1@ukr.net Anastasiia Bondar anastasiabond1@ukr.net <p><strong> The relevance of the research. </strong>The development of youth sports has a special significance, since it solves the important issue of involving children in physical activity, creating the basis for the development of reserve sports and sport of higher achievements. Sumo becomes more and more popular among children and young people. The number of pupils in children's and youth sports schools, who are interested in sumo, increases. Their sports’ achievements increase at international competitions, but currently there is no scientific research on the role and significance of sumo in the life of modern children and young people.&nbsp;&nbsp;<strong>The objective of the research&nbsp; </strong>is to determine the role of sumo in modern children and young people lives.<strong> Methods </strong>–&nbsp; analysis of literary sources and documents, surveys (questionnaires), mathematical methods of data processing. <strong>Results.</strong>&nbsp;The study described the current state of development of sumo in youth sports schools in Kharkiv region, the analysis of the Sumo curriculum for youth sports schools is provided, the sociological study to determine the attitude of sumo wrestlers to the current state and perspectives of sumo development in our country is conducted. It turned out that most athletes consider sumo a spectacular and quite popular sport in our country, however, they are involved in this sport with the help of their friends, parents and coaches. The above-mentioned information points to the fact of low level of marketing activity of sports organizations in sumo and the lack of awareness of the population about this sport in the media. <strong>Conclusion.</strong>&nbsp;Sumo plays an important role in the life of children and young people, as in the process of training sumo wrestlers develop not only physically, they form a system of moral values, in accordance with the basic sumo principles. According to the majority of the surveyed athletes, it is necessary to improve the material and technical conditions for conducting training sessions on this kind of sport for further development of sumo in Ukraine.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2019-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2093 Features of Increasing the Motor Activity of Students in USA 2019-08-06T10:07:28+00:00 Edward Vilchkovsky e.wilczkowski@unipt.pl <p><strong>Topicality</strong>. Numerical studies of the health status of students in American schools, which were conducted in the 80s of the 20th century, show that the cardiovascular fitness parameters have significantly decreased. A significant proportion of students older than 11 years were overweight and obese. That is why it was concluded that the main factors that adversely affect the health, physical development and physical fitness of children and student youth are the mode of physical inactivity (low mobility in a significant part of schoolchildren), another factor associated with a small number of physical education lessons in some schools (one or two a week) and unsuccessful organization of sports-mass robots with students during off-hour work. <strong>Objective</strong> – to analyze and summarize the experience of general education schools in the United States regarding the organization and content of pupils' movement activity after school hours. <strong>Research Methods</strong> –&nbsp; analysis of the literature on the theory and methods of physical education, pedagogy and documents relating to the reform of school education in USA, materials of scientific and practical conferences on the problem of physical education of schoolchildren. <strong>The Results of the Study.&nbsp;</strong>In connection with the situation that has arisen with the implementation of health-improving tasks in educational institutions of the USA, the Presidential Council has developed recommendations for the administration of education in states, school principals and physical education teachers. Features of physical education in American schools is that in each state for schools to develop their own curriculum. Therefore, the number of lessons of physical education in American schools and classes may have their cancellations. To conduct extracurricular sports-mass robots at school, the teacher prepares a physical education program. Its contents are those sports that are chosen by pupils for extracurricular sports activities. The teacher can also create a combined program with physical education, which will combine basic and elective programs. Teachers of physical education are encouraged to include in the program such types of physical exercises and sports disciplines: sports, gymnastics and acrobatics, dancing, water sports, which a person can do all his life. This takes into account the school's sports base, regional. Climatic and geographical conditions and the interests of students to these sports disciplines. <strong>Conclusion.</strong> Physical education is a mandatory part of the US school system. It is implemented in the form of lessons, individual physical education and sports (sports sections, recreational activities, competitions, etc.). The program of physical education in American schools is aimed at improving the comprehensive physical readiness and creating a healthy lifestyle, nurturing positive moral and volitional qualities.&nbsp;</p> 2019-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2102 The Views of Andrzej Snyadetsky on the Development of the Theory and Practice of Physical Education in Poland 2019-08-06T10:10:18+00:00 Vladimir Pasechnyk wlod_pas@o2.pl <p><strong><em>Introduction. </em></strong>The article is devoted to the educational activities of outstanding&nbsp; polish scientist Andrzej Snyadetsky. The formation and development of the system of physical education of children and young people on Polish lands at the end of the XVIII century took place in extremely difficult political and economic conditions, which was the result of the loss of national independence. Polish lands after the end of the Napoleonic wars were divided between the three countries Austria-Hungary, Russia and Prussia, which resulted with crisis in economic, cultural and educational development. A characteristic feature of the Polish education of that time, including the physical education of the young generation, was the cancellation of the functioning of organizational and educational forms in various types of educational institutions, which were under the careful supervision&nbsp; of foreign&nbsp; administrations.&nbsp; It was during this difficult&nbsp; period of Polish history that the emerging Polish scientist Andrzej Snyadetsky had to live and work. <strong><em>Research Methods. </em></strong>The study of literary sources, documentary materials, theoretical analysis and synthesis of the results. <strong><em>The results of the Study. </em></strong>Andrzej Sniadecki (1768–1838), a chemist, biologist, doctor, but also a philosopher and teacher was a&nbsp; prominent representative of the enlightenment period, who is considered the father in Poland of chemical sciences, hygiene, dietology&nbsp; and physical education. One of the most important works of Snyadetsky, is the one in which he expressed his civil position&nbsp; and concern for the future of the Polish people. First of all about its biological potential is its work «On the physical education of children», the publication of which began in 1805. А. Snyadetsky was critical of the domestic system of upbringing and education, both among the gentry and among the petty-bourgeois families. In his criticism А. Shyadetsky devoted particular attention to the absence of clear principles and legal norms in home education, the one-sided process of education aimed mainly at spiritual development, disregarding the physical development of children and young people. In his work A.Snyadesky presented his concept and education program. <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>According to the scientist, the key role in the physical activity in fresh air, as well as stabbing and body hygiene. The view of the scientist on the upbringing of children and young people effectively integrated natural, medical and pedagogical knowledge. Significant role on the formation and development of the views of A. Snyadetsky had the ideas of the French enlighteners, especially J.-J. Rousseau.</p> 2019-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2103 Ways to Improve the Activities of the Sports Arbitration System and Arbitration Courts In Sports 2019-08-06T10:14:04+00:00 Marina Sannikova svetlanastadnik87@gmail.com <p><strong><em>Topic. </em></strong>Modern sport belongs to the entertainment show business. It is based on commercial interests. However, it cannot exist without a close connection with the political, economic and social systems of society. It also cannot exist outside the general national legal system. In this regard, the importance of scientific research of international sports arbitration is actualized from the point of view of a systems approach. <strong><em>The </em></strong><strong><em>Purpose of the Research </em></strong>is studying and analyzing the system of international sports arbitration as the main institution for resolving conflicts related to sports, in order to form a modern sports arbitration court in Ukraine. <strong><em>Methods </em></strong><strong><em>of Research </em></strong>– analysis and synthesis of literary sources; analysis of documentary materials; the method of historicism; method of analogy of the studied&nbsp; laws;&nbsp; system analysis. <strong><em>Results of the Study. </em></strong>The legal basis for the functioning of international sports arbitration has been determined and&nbsp;substantiated, in particular, the features, main functions of the international sports arbitration process and legal documents regulating the activities of the court have been investigated. The ways of further reforming and improving the activities of the Court of Arbitration for Sport are presented. <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>The most characteristic shortcomings of the existing system of organizing legal activities in sports have been clarified. The main cause of the insolubility of the existing problems in the management of the industry of higher achievements of sport has been established. The necessity of addressing the general theory of self-organizing systems is revealed. The proposed approach will allow us to create a more effective legal basis for organizing the system for managing the activities of arbitration and arbitration courts in sports.</p> 2019-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2105 Methodological Bases of the Motor Activity Organisation among Preschoolers Depending on the Physical State Level 2019-08-06T10:17:20+00:00 Nataliya Moskalenko molga.0604@gmail.com Antonina Polyakova admin_infiz@ukr.net Olga Mykytchyk molga.0604@gmail.com <p><strong><em>Introduction. </em></strong>Recently the problem of health decreasing of preschoolers causes anxiety. Increasing the level of physical state of children of primary school age largely depends on the optimal motor regime in preschool education institutions. Its content is a set of organizational forms of&nbsp; physical education (physical education classes, physical and recreational activities in day mode, leisure, independent physical activity of children), which are used in the pedagogical process in the institution of preschool education. <strong><em>The purpose </em></strong>is to scientifically substantiate the organizational and methodological approaches to the organization of younger&nbsp; preschoolers` motor activity in preschool education institutions of various types in order to increase their level of physical state. The studies were conducted during 2013-2014 years in preschool educational institutions of general development, combined, sanatorium and compensatory types. Developed organizational and methodological approaches were implemented in the following organizational forms of physical education in preschool educational institutions: physical education classes, physical training and recreational activities, activities in the day regime, active rest, independent children's motor activity in the daily regime. <strong><em>Methods </em></strong>– theoretical (analysis and synthesis of scientific and methodical literature and Internet sources) pedagogical (observation, experiment). <strong><em>Results. </em></strong>The forms of work and types of motor activity are determined&nbsp; to optimize the physical state of children 3-4 years old in preschool institutions of various types. The organization of the process of children's motor activity in preschool educational institutions includes the following components: organized forms of children's motor activity, an integrated approach to methods of regulating motor activity, a variety of movements in organized forms of motor activity, independent motor activity, inter-age game interaction. <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>Organizational and methodological approaches to the organization of a rational motor regime of children 3-4 years old in institutions of preschool education of various types are justified. The proposed model for optimizing the motor activity of younger preschoolers age does not replace and does not exclude compulsory physical education classes in accordance with the state programs of upbringing and development of a child.</p> 2019-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2106 Assessment of the Level of Physical Health of the Youth with Different Somatotypes for the Ability to Adapt to Physical Activity 2019-08-06T13:36:32+00:00 Svitlana Nesterova svetanest01@gmail.com Alla Sulyma allasulyma16.83@gmail.com Maryna Boyko svetanest01@gmail.com <p><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>This paper is topical due to the need to monitor the level of physical health of youth, that will provide an opportunity to assess the potential level of health for&nbsp; a further life. In its turn, the indicator of maximum oxygen consumption is an integral indicator of the body reserve capacity. Taking into account the fact that people have a large discrepancy in the morphological and physiological characteristics associated with the type of constitution, somatotypological peculiarities play an essential role in determining the level of physical health. <strong><em>Objectives of the Paper </em></strong>– to reveal sexual characteristics of the level of physical&nbsp; health&nbsp; of youth&nbsp; aged 18–&nbsp; 20 years with different somatotypes on the indicator of maximum oxygen consumption. <strong><em>Methods </em></strong><strong><em>of Research. </em></strong>The establishment of somatotypological affiliation was carried out in accordance with the method of Hit-Carter. In order to determine the level of maximum oxygen consumption, bicycle ergometry was used (V. L. Karpman et al.), while the level of physical health was assessed according to the criteria of Ya. P. Pyarnat and H. L. Apanasenko. <strong><em>Results. </em></strong>The study involved students aged 18–20 years (only 194 people). According to the results of somatotyping, the subjects were divided into corresponding somatotypological groups: balanced, endomorphic, ectomorphic,&nbsp; endomorphic-mesomorphic&nbsp; and mesomorphic. Among the girls, four somatotypological groups were identified, since there were no representatives of the mesomorphic somatotype, since the predominance of the muscular component of the girls’ body is not typical and can occur predominantly in athletes. The evaluation of aerobic performance according to Yа. P. Pyarnat's criteria has shown that girls have «excellent» aerobic performance, and among the young men, aerobic performance is «average» regardless of the somatotype. In turn, according to the estimation criterion of H. L. Afanasenko among both girls and boys, the value of the indicator of maximum oxygen consumption exceeds the «safe level of health». <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>The results testify to the fact that the level of physical health among girls is «excellent», and among young men is «average». In turn, both boys and girls’ level of maximum oxygen consumption exceeds the «safe level of health» in all somatotypological groups.</p> 2019-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2107 An Estimation of Functional Preparedness of an Organism of Youth 20–22 Years Old 2019-08-06T13:41:22+00:00 Yuriy Furman furman-dok@ukr.net Vyacheslav Miroshnichenko 29miroshnichenko@gmail.com Oleksandra Brezdeniuk sandrikk86@gmail.com <p><strong><em>The </em></strong><strong><em>Current </em></strong><strong><em>Relevance. </em></strong>The standards of functional preparedness of people of all ages and sex require a systematic update, since they eventually lose their objectivity.&nbsp; <strong><em>The&nbsp; Goal of the Research </em></strong>to establish standards for the assessment of the aerobic and anaerobic productivity of the body of people aged 20–22 years old of the Podillya region. <strong><em>Methods of the Research. </em></strong>pedagogical observation; pedagogical experiment using methods – veloergometry, pulsometry, sphygmomanometry, timekeeping; methods of mathematical statistics. We studied the parameters of aerobic and anaerobic productivity of 842 men and 678 women 20–22 years old living within the Podillya region. The indicators of aerobic and anaerobic performance of the organism were being determined. The individual values of power and capacity indices of aerobic and anaerobic productivity of an organism were compared with the standards of functional&nbsp; preparedness developed&nbsp; by us. The standards of functional&nbsp; readiness are based&nbsp; on&nbsp; the arithmetic mean&nbsp; ( ) of the indicators VO<sub>2</sub> <sub>max</sub>, TAM, WAnТ<sub>10</sub>, WAnТ <sub>30</sub>, and the mean square deviations (σ). <strong><em>Results of the Research. </em></strong>It has been established that for the development of the standards of functional preparedness it is expedient to apply the following criteria: «average» level; levels «above average» and «below average»; «high» and «low» levels, as well as «very high» and «very low» levels<em>. </em>The level was determined in the range of the error of the mean square deviation from the mean arithmetic value of the variation range of the subjects ( &nbsp;± σ). On the basis experimentally obtained data, the criteria for assessing the aerobic and anaerobic productivity of the body of people of the 20–22 years of the Podillya region were developed.&nbsp; <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>New standards should be developed on the basis of the average of the indicator obtained as a result of the survey of a large number of persons of a uniform contingent. The gradation of standards is set within the range of the mean square deviation – σ. The developed standards cover the entire spectrum&nbsp; of aerobic&nbsp; and anaerobic productivity indicators of people aged&nbsp; 20–&nbsp; 22 years in the Podillya region.</p> 2019-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2108 Motor Activity in the Structure of the Motivational-Value Orientations of Adolescents 2019-08-06T13:44:32+00:00 Yuriy Tsyupak tsjupak.jurij@gmail.com Tatyana Tsyupak tsjupak.jurij@gmail.com Yuriy Tsyupak tsjupak.jurij@gmail.com Alexander Shwai tsjupak.jurij@gmail.com Ivan Vaskan tsjupak.jurij@gmail.com Leonid Gnitetsky tsjupak.jurij@gmail.com <p><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>Important and inalienable factor of a healthy way of life of schoolchildren is the proper level of motor activity. The results of scientific research show that in adolescents of general educational institutions there is a decrease in motor activity. This leads to the creation of a health-preserving educational environment and the development of motivational means for involving students in systematic physical exercises. <strong><em>The Purpose of the Study </em></strong>is to study the state of formation of motivational-value orientations for motor activity in adolescents. <strong><em>Material </em></strong><strong><em>and Methods of Research. </em></strong>The research was attended by adolescents of general education institutions number 9, 11, 26, Lutsk. In order to determine the level of the state of formation of motivational-value orientations for motor activity, we&nbsp; conducted a questionnaire. The questionnaire included a set of questions that can help you determine&nbsp; the level of interest in a physical education lesson, define the motives for exercises with physical exercises, and differentiate the attitude of adolescents towards forms of physical activity. <strong><em>Research Results. </em></strong>The results of the study showed that the level of interest in physical education and sports in adolescents is low. Only 9,8–19,5 % of girls and 23,2–31,7 % of boys have a high level of interest in motor activity. With age, students tend to reduce their interest in systematic physical activity. At the same time, the analysis of the results of the questionnaire revealed the following main reasons for physical education for adolescents: the ability to improve their health, have a good body structure, increase physical fitness, master the technique of physical exercise and get good grades. At the same time, these questionnaires show that only 14,6–22,3 % of girls and 17,3– 31,2 % of boys perform physical exercises 3–4 times a week. Most students limit their motor activity to only compulsory physical education lessons and judging by respondents’ answers, they fill in free time with activities that have nothing to do with active leisure and motor activity.</p> 2019-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2111 Evaluation of Patients and Quality of Life in Practical Activities of Physical Therapy 2019-08-06T13:47:26+00:00 Olga Andriychuk andriiolla@ukr.net Natalia Graida andriiolla@ukr.net Tatiana Masikova andriiolla@ukr.net <p><strong><em>Actuality </em></strong><strong><em>of </em></strong><strong><em>theme. </em></strong>The level of quality of life is a defining indicator, the increase of which&nbsp; is focused be specialists in various industries. A special place belongs to physical therapists who work directly with the participants of hostilities in the east of Ukraine (patients), who are undergoing treatment and rehabilitation. Among traditional methods of therapeutic influence, there is a proper place belonged to correction of external factors, which have a negative impact on the personal perception of opportunities for life. <strong><em>Purpose. </em></strong>To determine the features of individual factors` influence on the subjective assessment of pain intensity impact in the overall structure of quality of life. <strong><em>Methods </em></strong><strong><em>of Research. </em></strong>Analysis and generalization of data from the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36 (MOS SF–36 questionnaire). <strong><em>Work Results. </em></strong>The study involved 110 men who underwent treatment and rehabilitation after participating in hostilities in the east&nbsp; of&nbsp; Ukraine. The average age of patients was 37,09±9,95 years. All individuals independently responded to the proposed MOS SF–36 questionnaire. According to the obtained data, we analyzed the pain intensity index (Bodily pain – BP) and its impact on the quality of life. Thus, the average value of pain intensity in the overall structure of quality of life – 45,68±1,87 points. Studying the factors that could make adjustments to the perception of pain intensity in the ability to perform the usual work, we found that with age, the BP increases its negative impact on the quality of life (correlation coefficient R= -0,207). Also, there is a correlation between the studied index and the number of children in the family and marital status (single, married, divorced). Statistical analysis revealed linear negative correlations (R=-0,202 and Tau=-0,139). There was no correlation&nbsp; between&nbsp; the&nbsp; PB and the place of residence, the level of education.</p> 2019-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2113 Physical activity and lifestyle of older adults in the context of diseases of affluence 2019-08-06T14:14:38+00:00 Alena Buková alena.bukova@upjs.sk Agata Horbacz alena.bukova@upjs.sk Ladislav Kručanica alena.bukova@upjs.sk Mária Majherová alena.bukova@upjs.sk <p><strong><em>Introduction. </em></strong>In this study, we focused on physical activity of older adults and their lifestyle in the context of diseases of affluence. We monitored the most common physical activity performed by older adults, weekly frequency of the chosen physical activity, together with the prevalence of diseases of affluence and the assessment of the life quality of older adults. <strong><em>Methods. </em></strong>The study group comprised active older adults (n=35) who performed regular physical activity two and more times weekly, with two times a week under the supervision of an experienced instructor, and inactive older adults (n=35) whose physical activities consisted of only short walks and irregular exercise. <strong><em>Results. </em></strong>We found a lower prevalence of diseases of affluence among active older adults compared to the inactive. The differences are significant, especially in peripheral vascular disorders, osteoporosis, and diabetes. However, a statistically significant difference was only found in problems with blood pressure. Half of the inactive older adults reported that the diseases had restricted their physical activity, but they did not feel the need for any additional physical exercise. As we assumed, a significantly higher number of active older adults was recorded in the group with higher life quality. <strong><em>Conclusion. </em></strong>We agree with opinions of professionals in the field who recommend PA to be a natural and everyday part of a daily routine not only in younger age groups but also in retirement. There is a higher prevalence of chronic diseases in older adults, and therefore, they should understand the importance and meaning of PA in alleviating the irreversible process of aging.</p> 2019-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2114 Computer Stabilometry in the Assessment of Functional State of Humans 2019-08-06T14:18:36+00:00 Yuriy Lyakh romaniuk.alona89@gmail.com Oksana Usova romaniuk.alona89@gmail.com Alona Romaniuk Romaniuk romaniuk.alona89@gmail.com Viktoria Melnychuk romaniuk.alona89@gmail.com Marуna Lyakh romaniuk.alona89@gmail.com Andriy Antipov romaniuk.alona89@gmail.com <p><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>Computer stabilometry is used to investigate the functional system of equilibrium maintenance. The method has a wide range of applications such as evaluation of the restoration of musculoskeletal system functions after prosthetisation, diagnosis of vestibular disorders, substantiation of verticalization criteria for patients with acute myocardial infarction, clarification and optimization of motor activity. It is also a mandatory component of the monitoring system in the regenerative treatment of patients with hemiparetic form of cerebral palsy. In sport studies, stabilometry is used to get general information about the athlete's condition, to perform an accurate analysis of separate actions, to monitor the form, to evaluate objectively the individual typological characteristics of each athlete, to monitor the functional state of the athlete. <strong><em>Study Objective. </em></strong>To study the features of computer stabilometry taking into account the length of the stabilograms recording for the assessment of the functional state, on anexample of males, aged 16–17 years. <strong><em>Research Methods. </em></strong>The study was performed on male subjects aged 16–17 years. Stabilograms were recorded using a stabilometric platform. <strong><em>Results. </em></strong>The analysis of stabilometry parameters in the subjects surveyed using artificial feedback showed a statistically significant difference (p&lt;0,05) between the two segments of the record (0–30 and 30–60 s) of the stabilograms of all the surveyed indicators except the root-mean-square deviation of the projection of the center of mass position in the mediolateral plane. During the analysis of the stabilometry parameters in the closed eyes tests, the statistically significant difference (p&lt;0,05) between the two segments of the record (0–30 and 30–60 s) was found for the stabilograms of all surveyed indicators except the root-mean-square deviation of the projection of the center position mass in the anteroposterior plane. The analysis of the stabilometry results in the open-eyes tests was characterized by finding no statistically significant difference between the records of 0–30 and 30–60 s duration. <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>It is established an increase in the length of the stabilograms in the subjects under examination with closed eyes compared with the open eyes. It can be regarded as certain features of the functional state due to the predominance of the structure of movements with the support of the vertical posture, a large number of small high frequency oscillations, is therefore necessary for&nbsp; consideration&nbsp; an assessment of the functional state of the organism. During the tests with artificial feedback and open-eye tests (0–30 s), statistically significant higher values of the length of the stabilograms in the subjects were noted, indicating inclusion in the process of cognitive functions. Thus, an open-ended test (0–30 s) is informative for an assessment of the functional state of the individuals.</p> 2019-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2116 Health Evaluation of Rehab Students for Data of Biochemical Automation 2019-08-06T14:21:25+00:00 Maria Sybil sybmarine57@gmail.com Khrystyna Shavel gurin_kristi@ukr.net Maryana Chekhovska sybmarine57@gmail.com Liubov Chekhovska lyubahock@gmail.com Alla Khokhla sportalla@ukr.net <p><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>The health problem of young is named&nbsp; one&nbsp; of the priority directions of WHA activities in XXI century and is extremely relevant for Ukraine. A promising area is the expansion of knowledge about healthcare competence through the formation of skills and abilities in the process of&nbsp; individual monitoring of health status by specific biochemical indicators that were got in the process of passing a workshop on biochemistry of motor activity and clinical biochemistry by students. <strong><em>The </em></strong><strong><em>Purpose of the Research</em></strong><strong><em>. </em></strong>Evaluate the health status of rehab students by biochemical self-monitoring data. <strong><em>Methods </em></strong>– analysis and generalization of literary sources, biochemical</p> <p>- excretion of vitamin C, activity of the enzyme catalase blood, hemoglobin content in blood, excretion of protein, sugar, ketones and pH values by the express method «Penta-PHAN» («Lachema», Czech Republic), bicycle ergometric test «Vita maxima», mathematical processing of data. There were examined 50 students of 19-20 years old from the specialty «Physical therapy, ergotherapy» of the Lviv State University of Physical Culture named after Ivan Bobersky. <strong><em>Research Results. </em></strong>In girls, the excretion of vitamin C was 18,04 ±0,522 mg / day, in boys – 27,24 ± 0,746 mg / day (p &lt; 0,05), catalase number was 9,4 ± 0,27, that is in norm. The content of hemoglobin in girls was 120 ± 1,32 g / l, in boys – 130 ± 1,9 g / l (p &lt; 0,05). The protein in the urine was found in 4 % of students. Other pathological elements were absent. Ph value of urine was 5,2, that is the norm. The results of the «Vita maxima» test indicate that the girls indicators were 150 watts, that is 75 % of the adult&nbsp; women’s norm; boys indicators – 200 watts, that is 80 % of adult men’s norm. <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>Biochemical indicators of students are close to the limit age norm, pathological parameters of urine were not detected, except for the traces of protein. The «Vita maxima» test declares a reserve to achieve maturity. Low biochemical indices induce individual&nbsp; dietary adjustments and permanent auto-monitoring.</p> 2019-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2118 Art therapy in the System of Methods of Psychophysical Rehabilitation 2019-08-06T14:25:19+00:00 Raisa Chalanova rchalanova@gmail.com <p><strong>Urgency </strong><strong>of </strong><strong>the </strong><strong>Research. </strong>In the system of rehabilitation activities of modern medicine, much attention is paid to rehabilitation. Achieving better results in treatment of patients in general and improving the effectiveness of rehabilitation is an adequate request of the society. Thus, the search for new and improvement of known methods of rehabilitation is a relevant area of research. One of the ways to increase the effectiveness of rehabilitation measures is the mobilization of all internal resources of an organism. In this context, not only peripheral link activation is of great interest, on which, basically, the entire rehabilitation system is built, but also the stimulation of the central, regulatory link with obligatory inclusion of psychological component in full range of recovery processes. Since the art-therapy satisfies these requirements, it seems reasonable for specialists to pay more attention to this particular method. <strong>Objective of the Research. </strong>The study is devoted to substantiating the art therapy effectiveness and its inclusion in the system of psychophysical rehabilitation. <strong>Research Methods. </strong>Modern literature reflecting the results of study of nervous system functioning while using various trends of art therapy served the material for the study. <strong>Results. </strong>The role of psychological component in pathogenesis of diseases of various etiologies and its significance in the system of rehabilitation activities has been established. The system of rehabilitation treatment is considered to be a psychophysical rehabilitation. From this point of view, art therapy, as an element of powerful psychological impact, undoubtedly plays its positive role in stimulating recovery processes and is the basis for broadening indications for its use in psychophysical rehabilitation. <strong>Conclusions. </strong>According to the results of literary data analysis, the author concludes that positive mechanism of impact of art therapy in rehabilitation process is not only the element of the patient’s creative purposeful activity, it’s not only the aesthetic component and the way to distract from negative state. It is proved that mobilization of ability to high plasticity of brain's neural structures and activation of sensor and motor systems for new neural networks creation, which is influenced by art therapy, and therapeutic effect is achieved.</p> 2019-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2119 Physical Training Modeling of 10–12-year-old Judoists Based on Somatotypes 2019-08-06T14:31:16+00:00 Olha Bekas olgabek1974@gmail.com Julia Palamarchuk olgabek1974@gmail.com Anatoly Korolchuk olgabek1974@gmail.com Serhii Lomynoga olgabek1974@gmail.com <p><strong><em>The Current Relevance of the Research </em></strong>is stipulated by the changes in the training process of 10-12 years old judoists, in terms of differentiated approach based on the constitutional characteristics of athletes, taking into account the sensitive periods of individual motor qualities development.<strong><em>The Objective of the Research: </em></strong>to create and scientifically substantiate individual models of judo's physical fitness at the stage of preliminary basic training during the preparatory period of the annual macrocycle based on the analysis of morphological and functional features. <strong><em>Methods of Research: </em></strong>pedagogical experiment, medical and biological methods (somatoscopy, somatometry and somatotyping), motor tests - testing of general and special physical training, mathematical methods of statistics. <strong><em>Results: </em></strong>88 judoists of 10-12 years old participated in the pedagogical experiment. On the basis of anthropometric studies and methods of somatotyping, features of the body structure of young athletes and specific somatotypes have been studied. 32% of the participants had thoracic type of body structure, 34.3% - muscular and 32% - digestive type of body structure. Differences in the manifestation of motor qualities among judoists of 10-11 years old and 11-12 years old, depending on their type of physique, are revealed. Judoists of muscular somatotype, as compared with digestive and thoracic, show better results in motor tests. In particular, 10-11 years old judoists have the best indicators of the wrestler, overall and strength durability, and flexibility. Judoists of 11-12 years old have advantages comparing with the representatives of other somatotypes in the manifestation of speed-strength endurance, speed strength, overall endurance, agility, strength and flexibility. The obtained results formed the basis for the distribution of young judoist for somatotypes in order to create differentiated training programs. <strong><em>Conclusions: </em></strong>the analysis and presented models of physical training have become the background for the development of evaluation criteria for the level of general and special physical qualities development. It allows differentiated assessment and management of the training process of young judoists at the stage of preliminary basic training.</p> 2019-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2120 The Influence of Swimming with Aqua Fitness Elements and Interval Hypoxic Training on the Function of External Spirit of Girls of 11–12 Years 2019-08-06T14:33:23+00:00 Viktoriya Holovkina akvavita72@gmail.com Yuriy Furman akvavita72@gmail.com <p><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>The component of the physical training of young swimmers is the use of exercises in training sessions that contribute to the improvement of strength abilities. However, abusive exercises in the direction of force in the dry-swimming room&nbsp; can negatively affect&nbsp; the functional state of the cardiorespiratory system of young swimmers. Therefore, the improvement of the skill of young swimmers should take place in the context of an integrated approach to the process of improving physical fitness and taking into account the age- related functionality of athletes. The article presents the results of study of volumetric and high-speed indicators of the&nbsp; function of external respiration of girls-floaters 11–12. <strong><em>The Goal of the Work. </em></strong>For the scientific substantiation&nbsp; of expediency of the complex application in the training process of floaters 11–12 years of the method of interval hypoxic training and elements of aqua fitness, to investigate the dynamics of indicators of the function of external respiration, depending on the applied programs. <strong><em>Research Methods. </em></strong>We examined 62 athletes aged 11–12 years old who had 2–3 years of sporting experience. The study of the function of external respiration was carried out using a spirographic method using the open type spirograph "CARDIO SPIRO". Recorded the frequency of breathing, volumetric and high-speed indicators of external breathing<strong>. <em>Results </em></strong><strong><em>of Work </em></strong>It was established that in the floaters under the influence of swimming exercises with the use of elements of aqua-fitness and interval hypoxic training the parameters of respiratory volume, respiratory rate, maximum ventilation of lungs, vital capacity of lungs on inhalation and exhalation, reserve volume of breath on inhalation and&nbsp; exhalation, as well as high-speed indicators of the function of external respiration, which confirm the improvement of the capacity of large bronchi. <strong><em>Conclusions </em></strong>It is recommended to improve the function of external respiration of floats 11–12 years at the stage of initial basic training, to apply complex elements of aqua fitness and interval hypoxic training.</p> 2019-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2121 Components of Body Weight Composition of Highly Skilled Oarsmen and Canoeing, Speakers at Different Distances 2019-08-06T14:35:36+00:00 Vladimir Davydov davydov55@list.ru Vladimir Shantarovich davydov55@list.ru Dmitry Prigodich davydov55@list.ru <p><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>The questions of studying the composition of the body interested people one way or another throughout human history. As evidenced by the archaeological finds of stone age figures, the prerequisites for the development of a scientific approach to the study of body composition are already in these distant times. <strong><em>The purpose of the work </em></strong>is to study the components of the body weight of highly skilled canoe rowers and the relationship of measurement&nbsp; data&nbsp; with&nbsp; the results&nbsp; of&nbsp; performances.&nbsp; <strong><em>Materials&nbsp; </em></strong><strong><em>and&nbsp; Methods.&nbsp; </em></strong>A total&nbsp; of 146 athletes were examined, including 124 men and 22 women. To determine fat, muscle and bone masses have been used the formula Y. Ukraine and E. G. Martirosov. <strong><em>Results. </em></strong>When comparing the indicators, it was found that the group of MSMC and ZMS have better results than the group of MS and KMS, both in terms of body fat and muscle mass, and the time of the 200- meter distance. Significant differences were revealed (p&lt;0,05). Women–videocnet in the indicators of the percentage of muscle mass in the group of ZMS and MSIC and the group of MS and MMR differences are significantly significant&nbsp; (p&lt;0,05). The relationship of muscle mass parameters with the time of the 200-meter distance is statistically significant, where the correlation coefficient was 3,42, with r&lt;0,390 for 5 % of the significance level. 500 meter distance from the men in terms of fat, muscle, bone mass and the transit time of a competitive 500-meter distance, the best results are VMT and MSIC than the canoeists from the group of MS and MMR. The differences are on average, respectively, of 4,77% and 4,04 C. these differences were statistically significant (p&lt;0,05). At the same distance in female kayakers differences are statistically significant in terms of relative fat and muscle mass (p&lt;0,05). In the group of ZMS and MSMC, between sports results and bone mass of athletes, where r=0,352, the relationship is significant (p&lt;0,05). At a distance of 1000 m athletes of the group of ZMS and MSMC on all indicators exceed the group of MS and KMS, but the differences are not reliable (p&gt;0,05). The correlation between the body fat mass and the time of passing the competitive distance is statistically significant (p&lt;0,05). A similar trend is in men, performing at a distance of 5000 m, where athletes of the group of ZMS and MSMC in all indicators exceed the group of MS and KMS, but the differences are not significant (p&gt;0,05). <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>It was revealed that a group of world-class athlete and PMN men at a distance of 200 m to fat and muscle mass of the body superior to the MS group and the CCM. The differences were significant (p&lt;0,05). Women on indicators of fat and muscle mass in a group of ZMS and MSIC and the group of MS and MMR differences are significantly significant (p&lt;0,05). It is noted that at a distance of 500 m the best indicators are athletes of the msmk group and ZMS, both in men and women. According to the parameters of fat and muscle mass in the athletes of the examined groups the differences were significantly significant (p&lt;0,05). At a distance of 1000 m the best values have athletes group msmk and ZMS, but the values are not statistically reliable. It was found that the group of MSMC and ZMS in men has a better result than the group of MS AND KMS, both in the time of passage of the 5000-meter distance, and in terms of body weight, but the differences are not significant (p&gt;0,05).</p> 2019-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2122 Development of Power Qualities of Athlete-Throwers’ Groups of Increased Sportsmastery Using Crossfit Techniques 2019-08-06T14:38:32+00:00 Oksana Savolaynen roma.mail77mail@gmail.com Valeriy Kuznetsov roma.mail77mail@gmail.com Oleksandr Valkevych roma.mail77mail@gmail.com Roman Cherkashyn roma.mail77mail@gmail.com Lyudmyla Cherkashyna roma.mail77mail@gmail.com <p><strong><em>Topicality of the study </em></strong>is caused by the introduction into the training process of students engaged in enhancement sports skills groups (the group of throw), a popular type of motor activity in Ukraine, a crossfit. The program of which includes functional complex exercises of power direction. <strong><em>The purpose of the study </em></strong>is to develop and experimentally test the impact of the Crosfit program on raising the level of strength and athletic skills of the track and field athletes-throwers of higher education institutions. <strong><em>Results </em></strong><strong><em>of the Research. </em></strong>Analyzing the results of the test at the beginning of the experiment, we have found that the control group (CG) exceeds the results of the experimental group (EG) in almost all of the indicators, but at the same time it should be noted that if we take average indicators, thus the experimental group showed results not worse than the control group. This is evident in jumping on a 50 cm pedestal for 30 seconds, also the left hand dynamometry and the flexed arm hangs, where a slight advantage was recorded. The results of the conducted researches at the end of the experiment indicate that higher percent of the increase in strength training indicators is noted at the track and field athletes-throwers of EG compared with the CG, which at the explosive force averagely was 12,25 %, accordingly at maximum strength – 6,75 % and in force endurance (static and dynamic) – 20,75 %. In addition, if at the beginning of the experiment, EG was inferior at the athletic skills with 6 results of the 3<sup>rd</sup> grade level and 2 of the 2<sup>nd</sup> grade compared to 5 results of the 3<sup>rd</sup> grade of CG and 3 results of the 2<sup>nd</sup> grade. Then at the end of the experiment there is a dynamics of increasing athletic skill at EG (7 – the 2<sup>rd</sup> grade, 1 – 1<sup>st</sup> grade) in comparison with CG (6 – 2<sup>nd</sup> grade, 2 – 3<sup>rd</sup> grade). <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>The results of the conducted pedagogical experiment indicate that the program for increasing the level of power qualities of the throw athletes using the means of Crosphit contributed to the development of strength, speed and power of the throw athletes and had led the throwing training process to a high-quality level.</p> 2019-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2123 Information about the in the 3 d International Scientific Congress of the Historians of Sports «History of Physical Culture And Sports of the European Nations» 2019-08-02T08:32:24+00:00 Svitlana Indyka sport@eenu.edu.ua <p>Mission of the congress is a promotion of scientific studies in the field of physical culture and sports, presentation and cooperation of the European scientific schools.</p> 2019-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2124 Information for authors 2019-08-02T08:38:06+00:00 Svitlana Indyka sport@eenu.edu.ua <p>Information for authors</p> 2019-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##