Awareness of Patients with Metabolic Diseases of the Importance of Physical Activity in Treating Their Disorders
Non-communicable chronic diseases, including metabolic diseases, represent a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Regular physical activity is considered a crucial component of improving the health condition of people suffering from metabolic diseases. Prescription of physical activity by the general physician or other medical specialist can influence patientsˈ behaviour in a significant way. Objective: To get acquainted with the fulfilment of recommendations for performing physical activities by patients with metabolic diseases. Methods: The study group consisted of 407 patients diagnosed with some of the metabolic diseases. One of the important criteria for inclusion in the study was the fact that the diagnosis did not prevent performance of physical activity. To obtain the research data we used the questionnaire method - a questionnaire compiled for the needs of this particular research. Results: Patients involved in our study, in the prevention and treatment of their health problems, put particular emphasis on nutrition and eating habits. In terms of priorities, physical activity is only ranking third in this respect. The vast majority of patients involved in the study had been informed about the importance of purposeful physical activity by physicians; however, nearly half of the patients admitted their lack of willingness to carry out any form of it. The most common activities that patients undertake are domestic chores and walks. Conclusions: The data obtained suggest that some patients are not sufficiently physically active, a number of them are not even aware of the role and importance of physical activity in the treatment of their disease. There are even patients who do not consider such information relevant. This study was supported by Grant project 1/0825/17 «Recommendations for physical activities in prevention and control of non-communicable diseases and their implementation in the eastern part of Slovakia», implemented at Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice.
Buková, A, Hagovská, M., Dračkova, D. et al. (2019). Awareness of patients suffering from selected chronic diseases of the importance of physical activity in treating their disorders. Physical Activity Review 2019; 7: 234-239.
Craig, C. L, Russell, S. J. a Cameron, C. (2002) Reliability and validity of Canada's physical activity monitor for assessing trends. In: Med. Sci Sport and Exercise, 2002, 34: 1462-7.
ECDS. European Cardiovascular Disease Statistics. (2013) Available at: https://www.escardio.org/static_file/ Escardio/Press-media/press-releases/2013/EU-cardiovascular-disease-statistics-2012.pdf [cit. 2019-04-05].
Frontera, W. R. (2018). Physical activity and rehabilitation in elderly.
Gennuso, K. P, Gangnon, R. E, Matthews, C. E. et al. (2013). Sedentary behaviour, physical activity, and markers of health in older adults. In: Med. Sci. in Sports and Exercise, 2013, 45/8: 1493-1500.
Grygus, I. (2017). The role of physical activity in the rehabilitation of patients suffering from mild persistent bronchial asthma. Physical Activity Review 2017; 5: 155-166.
Henson, J., Yates, T., Biddle, S. J. H. et al. (2013). Association of objectively measured sedentary behavior and physical activity with markers of cardiometabolic health. In: Diabetologia. 2013, 56/5:1012-20. Dostupné na: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/ 23456209 [cit. 2019-04-10].
Katzmarzyk, P. T., Church, T. S., Craig, C. L. a Bouchard, C. (2009). Sitting time and mortality from all causes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. In: Med.Sci.in Sport and Exercise. 2009, 41/5: 998-1005.
Kaur, J. A. (2014). Comprehensive Review on metabolic Syndrome. Himdawi Publishing Corporation. Cardiology Research and Practice. 2014, art. ID 943162, 21p.
Kim, J., Tanabe, K., Yokoyama, N. et al. (2013). Objectively measured light-intensity lifestyle activity and sedentary time are independently associated with metabolic syndrome: a crosssectional study of Japanesse adults. In: Int. J. of Behav. Nutr. and Phys. Act. 2013, 10/30: 1-7.
Kruk, J. (2014). Health and economic costs of physical inactivity. In: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2014, 15/18: 7499−7503.
Kwan, M. Y. W., Cairney, J., Faulkner, G. E. a Pullenayegum, E. E. (2012). Physical activity and other health-risk behaviors during the transition into early adulthood. In: Am. J. of Prev. Med., 2012, 42/1: 14-20.
Liba, J. (2010). Výchova k zdraviu. Prešov: Prešovská univerzita, 2010, 259 s. ISBN 978-80-555-0070-6.
Phillips, L. J., Hammock, R. L., Blanton, J. M. (2005). Predictors of self-rated health status among Texas residents. In: Prev Chronic Dis 2005, 2:1-10.
Pagac. (2008). Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. Executive Summary. 2nd edition. https://health.gov/ paguidelines/second-edition/pdf/PAG_ExecutiveSummary.pdf [cit. 2019-10-21].
Timmis, A., Townsens, N., Gale, C. H. et al. (2018). European society of cardiology: Cardiovascular diseae statistics 2017. In: European Heart Journal, 2018, roč. 39, č. 7. s. 508-579.
Uher, I., Bukova, A. (2018). Interrelationship between Exercise and Diseases in young people: Review study. Physical Activity Review 2018; 6: 203-212.
Wang, Q., CHair, S. Y., Wong, E. M. I.-L., Taylor-Piliae, R. E.,Qiu, X. CH. H., Li, X. M. (2019). Metabolic Syndrome Knowledge among Adults with Cardiometabolic Risk Factors: A cross-Sectional Study. Int. J.Environ. Res. Public. Helth 2019, 16, 159.
Who. World health organization. (2016). Global recommendations on physical activity for health. http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/factsheet_recommendations/en/ [cit. 2018-07-22].