The effect of Cycle training on the physical condition of young women
Relevance of the research topic. Cycle is an aerobic kind of sport, as it influences the strengthening of cardiovascular system, muscles development, increases the level of general and special endurance and enables to correct weight parameters. Despite the advancement of modern fitness technologies and the large number of fitness programs developed, most of them are not based on a deep understanding of the functional mechanisms of training women in reproductive age, and do not take into account the problems of individualization in order to optimize its effectiveness. Purpose and research methods. The purpose of the work is to devise the methods of Cycle training lessons and reveal the efficiency of their influence on the rate of the physical sate of young women. The contingent of the research is young women, who worked out in the gym “Hammer”. In the research we have implemented such methods: method of pedagogical testing of physical training, medical-biological methods of the evaluation of functional condition of cardiovascular and respiratory system, pedagogical experiment, focused on implementing the methods of Cycle training to increase the rate of functional and physical training level of young women, method of mathematic statistics. Results and key conclusions. Cycle training lessons demonstrate positive results of test’s rate level from 11,3 to 39,6 %. It has been revealed that discrepancy between initial and final data of all the four test parameters are valid (two of them refer to physical training – even running for 2000 m., arm bending and extension in the upper arm support position, two parameters refer to functional physical training – Ruffier functional test, the index of Harvard’s step-test) (р < 0,05, р < 0,01). It proves the statement as for the direct influence of Cycle fitness-trainings on the mechanisms of functional adaptation to long physical activity.
Bogdanovska, N. V. (2013). Vpliv ozdorovchoyi aerobiki na funkcionalnij stan organizmu zhinok 20-30 rokiv [The influence of health aerobics on the functional state of the body of 20-30 years old women]. Visnik Zaporizkogo nacionalnogo universitetu – Bulletin of Zaporizhzhya National University. (10) 1, 89–93 [in Ukrainian].
Borilkevich, V. E. (2006). Fitness – sovremennoe ponyatie v mirovom ozdorovitelnom dvizhenii [Fitness is a modern concept in the global wellness movement]. Terminy i ponyatiya v sfere fizicheskoj kultury – Terms and concepts in the field of physical culture. 1, 33–35 [in Russian].
Vella, M. (2015). Anatomiya fitnesa i silovyh uprazhnenij dlya zhenshin [Anatomy of fitness and weight exercises for women]. Moskva. Popurri [in Russian].
Kalashnikov, D. G. (2003). Teoriya i metodika fitnes-trenirovki: uchebnik personalnogo trenera [Theory and methodology of fitness training : personal coach textbook]. Moskva. Frantera [in Russian].
Kim, N. (2006). Fitnes [Fitness]. Moskva. Sovetskij sport [in Russian].
Krucevich, T. Yu. (2003). Teoriya i metodika fizichnogo vihovannya: Metodika fizichnogo vihovannya riznih grup naselennya [Theory and Methods of Physical Education: Methodology of the physical education for different population group]. (Vols. 2). Kiyiv. Olimpijska literatura [in Ukrainian].
Kuznecov, A. (2008). Anatomiya fitnesa [Anatomy of fitness]. Moskva: Feniks, 2008. [in Russian].
Nevskij, A. P. (2011). Enciklopediya fitnesa i fizicheskoj kultury [Encyclopedia of fitness and physical culture]. (Vols. 2). Moskva. Zebra E [in Russian].
Strogan, D. O., Strikalenko, Ye. A., & Shalar, O. G. (2017). Fizichna pidgotovka zhinok zasobami pruzhinyachih cherevikiv «KANGOO JUMPS» [Physical preparation of women by means of Kangoo Jumps rebound shoes]. Naukovij chasopis Nacionalnogo pedagogichnogo universitetu imeni M.P. Dragomanova – Science Chronicle of National Pedagogical Dragomanov University. (86) 17, 331–336 [in Ukrainian].
Houli, E. T. (2004). Rukovodstvo instruktora ozdorovitelnogo fitnesa [Wellness Fitness Instructor Guide]. Kiev. Olimpijskaya literatura [in Russian].
Shalar, O. G. (2009). Vidpovidalne stavlennya do zdorov’ya yak providna cinnist fizichnogo vihovannya [Responsible health as a leading value in physical education]. Teoriya ta metodika fizichnogo vihovannya – Theory and Methods of Physical Education. (5), 26–31 [in Ukrainian].
Shalar, O. G., Naumenko, M. V., Strikalenko, E. A. (2010). Formirovanie motivacionno-cennostnogo otnosheniya studentov k sobstvennomu zdorovyu [Formation of motivational-value attitude of students to their own health]. Fizicheskoe vospitanie studentov – Physical education of students. (5), 80–83 [in Russian].
Dr. Howie, Wenger. (2005). Army Fitness Manual. Ontario. Сommand [in English].
Schlosberg, S., Neporent, L., & Drenth, T. S. (2005). Fitness For Dummies, 3rd Edition. Indiana: Wiley Publishing [in English].