European standards of school physical education
Topicality. One of the trends of school physical education in foreign countries is the creation of state standards in this area. Studying the features of European standards for the physical education of schoolchildren and the possibilities of applying foreign experience in the system of general secondary education in Ukraine will increase the level of organization of the educational process. The purpose of the study is to study the characteristics of European standards for the physical education of pupils to analyze the possibilities of using foreign experience in the education of Ukrainian schools. Research methods: analysis, synthesis and generalizing of data from scientific and methodological literature and documentary materials. The results of the study. Delegates of European countries created the European framework of quality physical education, declaring a standard-oriented approach to the physical education of students. This approach provides for the acquisition of students’ competencies in various forms: 1. Motor competence; understanding of its role regarding involvement in various types of physical activity throughout life. 2. Understanding the importance of regular physical activity in order to achieve and maintain the proper level of health and physical fitness throughout life. 3. Understanding the importance of good nutrition, personal hygiene, and the prevention of stress to increase the effectiveness of health-improving physical activity and its contribution to physical well-being. 4. Understanding the importance of self-perception and self-esteem, the manifestation of responsible personal and social behavior, the manifestation of self-esteem and respect for others. 5. Understanding the importance of systematizing, planning, implementing and evaluating strategies and applying knowledge of concepts, principles, strategies and tactics of a healthy lifestyle. Conclusions. An integrated approach to the formation of a set of physical education standards can be used to create software and normative support for the physical education system of Ukrainian schoolchildren, which provides the formation of competencies in the motor, social, cognitive, affective spheres of child development.
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