The Influence of Swimming with Aqua Fitness Elements and Interval Hypoxic Training on the Function of External Spirit of Girls of 11–12 Years
Topicality. The component of the physical training of young swimmers is the use of exercises in training sessions that contribute to the improvement of strength abilities. However, abusive exercises in the direction of force in the dry-swimming room can negatively affect the functional state of the cardiorespiratory system of young swimmers. Therefore, the improvement of the skill of young swimmers should take place in the context of an integrated approach to the process of improving physical fitness and taking into account the age- related functionality of athletes. The article presents the results of study of volumetric and high-speed indicators of the function of external respiration of girls-floaters 11–12. The Goal of the Work. For the scientific substantiation of expediency of the complex application in the training process of floaters 11–12 years of the method of interval hypoxic training and elements of aqua fitness, to investigate the dynamics of indicators of the function of external respiration, depending on the applied programs. Research Methods. We examined 62 athletes aged 11–12 years old who had 2–3 years of sporting experience. The study of the function of external respiration was carried out using a spirographic method using the open type spirograph "CARDIO SPIRO". Recorded the frequency of breathing, volumetric and high-speed indicators of external breathing. Results of Work It was established that in the floaters under the influence of swimming exercises with the use of elements of aqua-fitness and interval hypoxic training the parameters of respiratory volume, respiratory rate, maximum ventilation of lungs, vital capacity of lungs on inhalation and exhalation, reserve volume of breath on inhalation and exhalation, as well as high-speed indicators of the function of external respiration, which confirm the improvement of the capacity of large bronchi. Conclusions It is recommended to improve the function of external respiration of floats 11–12 years at the stage of initial basic training, to apply complex elements of aqua fitness and interval hypoxic training.
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