Art therapy in the System of Methods of Psychophysical Rehabilitation

  • Raisa Chalanova Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University
Keywords: psychophysical rehabilitation, art therapy, neuroplasticity

Abstract

Urgency of the Research. In the system of rehabilitation activities of modern medicine, much attention is paid to rehabilitation. Achieving better results in treatment of patients in general and improving the effectiveness of rehabilitation is an adequate request of the society. Thus, the search for new and improvement of known methods of rehabilitation is a relevant area of research. One of the ways to increase the effectiveness of rehabilitation measures is the mobilization of all internal resources of an organism. In this context, not only peripheral link activation is of great interest, on which, basically, the entire rehabilitation system is built, but also the stimulation of the central, regulatory link with obligatory inclusion of psychological component in full range of recovery processes. Since the art-therapy satisfies these requirements, it seems reasonable for specialists to pay more attention to this particular method. Objective of the Research. The study is devoted to substantiating the art therapy effectiveness and its inclusion in the system of psychophysical rehabilitation. Research Methods. Modern literature reflecting the results of study of nervous system functioning while using various trends of art therapy served the material for the study. Results. The role of psychological component in pathogenesis of diseases of various etiologies and its significance in the system of rehabilitation activities has been established. The system of rehabilitation treatment is considered to be a psychophysical rehabilitation. From this point of view, art therapy, as an element of powerful psychological impact, undoubtedly plays its positive role in stimulating recovery processes and is the basis for broadening indications for its use in psychophysical rehabilitation. Conclusions. According to the results of literary data analysis, the author concludes that positive mechanism of impact of art therapy in rehabilitation process is not only the element of the patient’s creative purposeful activity, it’s not only the aesthetic component and the way to distract from negative state. It is proved that mobilization of ability to high plasticity of brain's neural structures and activation of sensor and motor systems for new neural networks creation, which is influenced by art therapy, and therapeutic effect is achieved.

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Published
2019-06-30
How to Cite
Chalanova, R. (2019). Art therapy in the System of Methods of Psychophysical Rehabilitation. Physical Education, Sports and Health Culture in Modern Society, (2(46), 79-86. https://doi.org/10.29038/2220-7481-2019-02-79-86
Section
Therapeutic physical training, sports medicine and physical rehabilitation