Physical activity and lifestyle of older adults in the context of diseases of affluence

  • Alena Buková Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice
  • Agata Horbacz Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice
  • Ladislav Kručanica Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice
  • Mária Majherová University od Prešov
Keywords: older adults, physical activity, diseases of affluence, lifestyle


Introduction. In this study, we focused on physical activity of older adults and their lifestyle in the context of diseases of affluence. We monitored the most common physical activity performed by older adults, weekly frequency of the chosen physical activity, together with the prevalence of diseases of affluence and the assessment of the life quality of older adults. Methods. The study group comprised active older adults (n=35) who performed regular physical activity two and more times weekly, with two times a week under the supervision of an experienced instructor, and inactive older adults (n=35) whose physical activities consisted of only short walks and irregular exercise. Results. We found a lower prevalence of diseases of affluence among active older adults compared to the inactive. The differences are significant, especially in peripheral vascular disorders, osteoporosis, and diabetes. However, a statistically significant difference was only found in problems with blood pressure. Half of the inactive older adults reported that the diseases had restricted their physical activity, but they did not feel the need for any additional physical exercise. As we assumed, a significantly higher number of active older adults was recorded in the group with higher life quality. Conclusion. We agree with opinions of professionals in the field who recommend PA to be a natural and everyday part of a daily routine not only in younger age groups but also in retirement. There is a higher prevalence of chronic diseases in older adults, and therefore, they should understand the importance and meaning of PA in alleviating the irreversible process of aging.


Albuquerque, A.P.A., Borges-Silva, F., Borges, G.S. et al. (2016). Physical Activity: Relationship To Quality Of Life And Memory In Older People. Science and Sport, 32(5), 259-265. j.scispo.2016.09.006.

Bellavia, A., Bottai M, Wolk, A.,Orsini, N. (2013) Physical activity and mortality in a prospective cohort of middle- aged and elderly men – a time perspective. International J. of Behav. Nutrit. and Phys. Activity, 10, 94.

Bowling, A. (2009). The psychometric properties of the older people’s quality of life questionnaire, compared with the CASP-19 and the WHOQOL-OLD. Curr. Gerontol Geriatr Res.

Buford, T. W. (2016). Hypertension and aging. Ageing Res. Reviews, 26, 96–111. j.arr.2016.01.007.

Culpepper, D., Killion, L. (2017). Effects of Exercise on Risk-Taking. Phys. Activity Rev, 5, 1–5.

Division of Ageing and Seniors: Physical activity and older adults from Canada; 2011. Available at: php. Accessed Aug 1, 2011.

Franceschi, C., Motta, L., Motta, M., et al. (2008). The extreme longevity: the state of the art in Italy. Experimental Gerontology, 43, 45–52.,1016 / j.exger.2007.06.006

Hallal, P. C., Andersen, L. B., Bull, F. C., Guthold, R., Haskell, W., Ekelund, U. (2012). Global physical activity levels: surveillance progress, pitfalls, and prospects. Lancet. 2012, 380, 247–257.,1016 / S0140-6736 (12) 60646-1.

Chovanová, E. (2018). Differences in motor coordination levels between the Slovak and Portuguese school-aged populations. Phys. Activity Rev, 6, 251–256.

Lee, I. M., Shiroma, E. J., Lobelo, F., Puska, P., Blair, S. N., Katzmarzk, P. T. (2012). Effect of physical inactivity on major non-communicable diseases worldwide: an analysis of burden of disease and life expectancy. Lancet, 380, 219–229.,1016 / S0140-6736 (12) 61031-9.

Newson, R. S., Kemps, E. B. (2007). Factors that promote and prevent exercise engagement in older adults. J. Aging Health, 19(3), 470–481. [PubMed: 17496245].,1177 / 0898264307300169.

Urgacz, K., Cholewa, J., Uher, I., Sahin, B., Cholewa, J. (2018). Senior Fitness Test in assessing the effectiveness of physical rehabilitation in the context of Parkinson's disease patients' quality of life. Phys. Activity Rev, 6, 110–116.

Troen, B. R. (2003). The biology of aging. Mt. Sinai J. Medicine, 70, 3–22.

Wen, C. P., Wai, J. P., Tsai, M. K., et al. (2011). Minimum amount of physical activity for reduced mortality and extended life expectancy: a prospective cohort study. Lancet, 378, 1244–1253. 6736(11)60749-6.
How to Cite
Buková, A., Horbacz, A., Kručanica, L., & Majherová, M. (2019). Physical activity and lifestyle of older adults in the context of diseases of affluence. Physical Education, Sport and Health Culture in Modern Society, (2(46), 61-65.
Therapeutic physical training, sports medicine and physical rehabilitation

Most read articles by the same author(s)