Peculiarities of Formation Smimming Training Process of Junior Schoolchildren in a Summer Camp
Analysis of scientific researches show the importance of finding and developing new methodological approaches to initial swimming training that would take into account all the features and possibilities of modern camp shifts, would significantly improve the quality and effectiveness of swimming training in summer health camps. The article analyzes main requirements that need to be taken into account in initial swimming training. Reasons which complicate the process of swimming of junior schoolchildren, cause discomfort, fear and stressful situation are determined. Structure and content of swimming training in a summer health camp for junior schoolchildren are developed in the article. Swimming technique with the use of respiratory gymnastics by A.N. Strelnikova was developed on the basis of analysis of scientific literature, generalization of practical experience of leading experts and obtained data with elements of aqua aerobics, exercises with snorkeling and rescue exercises. Organizational and methodological conditions of teaching swimming of junior schoolchildren in the summer health camp «Lastochka» in an open water bodies are given in comparison with classical technique by Nabatnikova M. Experimental methodology of swimming training contains teaching material, methods and tools, including technical devices: a series of lessons «Swimming as the most important human skill», lessons with elements of training (fighting phobia related to open water bodies), the game program «I am a lifeguard». The study reveals results of ability to swim of junior schoolchildren age who took part in training swimming sessions on the basis of the summer camp «Lastochka» in Skadovsk in 2016 during the month of August. The results of introduction of experimental method in the swimming training of the summer health camp positively influenced the ability to swim. Comprehensive study of swimming exercises gave children the opportunity to gain new skills and knowledge in rescuing drowning men, which, to a large extent, contribute to safety of children on the water.
Vasilev, V. S. (2011). Obuchenie detei plavaniiu [Teaching children to swim]. M.: Fizkultura i sport, 82 – 95.
Voskresenskaia, E. V. (2015). Psikholohiia strakha i trivohi v sportivnoi deiatelnosti [Psychology of fear and anxiety in sports]. Vitebsk: VHU imeni P.M. Masherova, 53.
Hurfinkel, A. I. (1996). Navchannia plavannia v pionerskomu tabori [Swimming training in a pioneer camp]. K. «Rad. shkola», 1996.
Davydov, V. Yu. (1995). Plavanie v ozdorovitelnom lahere: [Swimming in the health camp]. Volhohrad : VHIFK, 97.
Zheleznyi, D. V. (1988). Fizkultura i sport v pionerskom lahere [Physical education and sports in the pioneer camp]. K: Zdorovia, 62.
Kryvodud, T. Ye. (2003). Navchannia plavanniu ditei doshkilnoho ta molodshoho shkilnoho viku [Swimming training for children of preschool and junior school age]. Sumskyi derzh. pedahohichnyi un-t im. A. S. Makarenka. Sumy : SumDPU im. A. S. Makarenka, 64.
Nabatnikova, M. Ya. (1999). Plavanie [Swimming]. M. «Mol. hvardiia», 1999.
Shchetinin, M. T. (2014). Dykhatelnaia himnastika Strelnikovoi. Dyshi pravilno, ukrepliai zdorove[Strelnikova’s respiratory gymnastics. Breathe properly, strengthen health:]. AST; Moskva; 2014