Morphological Indicators of Skilled Single and Pair Kayak and Canoe Rowers who Participate in Events of Different Distances
In the foreign and native books on rowing it focuses more on investigation of body build, physical and special preparation of sportsmen. These parameters limit the passing time of a competitive distance, so they are used as qualification criteria for specialization and team batching. Methods and investigation design. Canoeists and rowers on kayaks participate in the research. The characteristics of group are: age– 19–26 years, both male and female, high sport qualification, group sizes 160 rowers of both sexes. The complex investigation includes the anthropometric measuring of total body sizes (length and body weight, chest circumference, absolute surface of the body). Conclusions. In the research the biggest length is found in Merited Sports Masters (MSM), each of male and female; the smallest – in Sports masters (SM). The similar trend was noted in parameters of body weight, in exception of single-canoe sportsmen. In this case International Masters of Sports (IMS) show the highest values. In kayaks and canoes, in teams of kayaks pairs at a distance of 200 m, the highest length and body weight were recorded in highly qualified athletes (MSM). The only exception is the body weight of female athletes-canoeists, where this figure is higher for IMS (р>0,05). Among singles at a distance of 500 m the MSM canoeists and rowers on kayaks have the best values of length and bodyweight, MS rowers have the worst results., the only exception is the maximum body length of ISM (р>0,05)/ the female ISM rowers have the highest parameters (р>0,05). The similar trend was found for kayak pairs rowers at a distance of 500 m. At a distance of 1000 m the female and male MSM rowers were superior to IMS’ and SM” in their classes, for canoe the maximum parameters of length and body weight wee noted at ISM. In teams of kayaks pairs at a distance of 1000m the size parametersof MSM are higher then ISM’ and SM’ ones.
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