The Current State and the Peculiarities of Physical Activity of Teenagers in Ukraine and Poland
Thematic justification is determined by searching for ways to optimize the level of human physical activity. Studying the level of physical activity of residents of neighboring countries of Ukraine and Poland, which have differences in systems of education, culture, socio–economic structure, will assist in searching for ways to optimize the level of physical activity of the population of both countries. Special focus of the study will be on the problem of studying physical activity of children and youth, the proper level of which is a guarantee of nation’s health. Research objective is to establish the current state and characteristics of physical activity of 13–15–year–old children living in Poland and Ukraine. Research results. The article provides a comparative analysis of the results of a survey of Polish and Ukrainian 13–15–year–old school students. A comparative analysis of indicators of physical activity of 13–15–year–old children living in Poland and Ukraine was also conducted. It has been established that children of both countries equally prefer sedentary activities in their spare time. Ukrainian school students give a higher evaluation to physical education classes and their own level of physical aptitude. At the same time, there is a tendency among Ukrainian school students towards the decrease of the level of physical activity from 13 to 15 years of age if compared to Polish school students. Conclusions: obtained pedometer indicators are below normal, which is indicative of a sedentary lifestyle of students of this age group (Ukrainian students – 7,9 thousand steps per day, Polish students – 9,7 thousand steps per day). Polish students have a tendency towards increasing the volume of physical activity (13 years old – 8,8 thousand steps per day, 15 years old – 11 thousand steps per day). Conversely, students in Ukraine tend to decrease the volume of physical activity (13 years – 9,9 thousand steps per day, 15 years – 6,7 thousand steps per day).
Kindzera, A., Bodnar, Ivanna. & Kherbert, Yaroslav (2016). Fizychna aktyvnist polskykh i ukrayinskykh shkoliariv. Fizychna kultura, sport ta zdoroya natsiii, no.1, 75–79.
Mandyuk, A. (20150. Osoblyvosti rukhovoii aktyvnosti shkoliariv u SShA. Moloda sportyvna nauka Ukrayiny, no. 2(19), 167–172.
Mazur, J. & Małkowska-Szkutnik, А. (2011). Aktywność fizyczna i zajęcia w czasie wolnym. Wyniki badań HBSC 2010. Warszawa.
Pańczyk, W. & Warchol, K. (2006). Praktyki współczesnego wychowania fizycznego. Rzeszów, 41.
Rymar, O. & Solovei, A.(2013). Otsinyuvannia rivnia fizychnoii pidhotovlenosti uchniv starshykh klasiv. Moloda sportyvna nauka Ukrayiny, no. 2(16), 181–186.
Sorokolit, N., Rymar, O. & Solovei, A. (2016). Rozvytok hnuchkosti uchniv 5-9 klasiv v umovakh modulnoii navchalinoii prohramy. Moloda sportyvna nauka Ukrainy, no. ½ (20), 320–324.
Sorokolit, N. C. (2012). Osobennosti fizicheskoho vospitaniia v obshcheobrazovatelnykh shkolakh Ukrainy i Polshi, 285–290.
Wojnarowska, B. i wsp. (2006). Zdrowie, zachowanie zdrowotne I środowisko społeczne młodzieży w kraju Unii Europejskiej. Warszawa
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.