Physical education, sports and health culture in modern society http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport <p>ISSN 2410-2156 (Online), ISSN 2220-7481 (Print)</p> <p><strong>State registration certificate</strong> КВ № 19773-9573 ПР of 15.03.2013.</p> <p>“Physical education, sport and health culture in modern society” is a specialized edition in Ukraine where the results of dissertations for obtaining&nbsp; scientific degrees of Doctor and Candidate of Science in the field of <strong>“Pedagogical Sciences”</strong> (supplement 10 to the decree of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of 12.05.2015 № 528) and <strong>“Physical Education and Sport”</strong> (supplement 17 to the decree of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of 13.07.2015 №&nbsp;747) can be published.</p> <p><strong>Year of establishment</strong>&nbsp;: 1999</p> <p><strong>I</strong><strong>nstituto</strong><strong>r: </strong><a href="http://eenu.edu.ua/en" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University</a></p> <p><strong>Areas and issues:</strong> is an international periodical that covers a wide range of issues in the domains of mass sport, physical rehabilitation and sports of higher achievements. The journal includes the articles that give the history of physical education development in Ukraine and all over the world; philosophical, legal and organizational problems in physical culture; peculiarities of physical education of different groups of population; problems of professional training of physical education teachers; pedagogic technologies of physical exercises; means of working capacity renewal; peculiarities of athletes training and adapting human organism to physical activity.</p> <p><strong>Periodicity: </strong>quarterly.</p> <p><strong>Language editions</strong>: Ukrainian, Russian, English.</p> <p><strong>The journal was introduced on&nbsp;1 January 2016</strong> <strong>an electronic version in English.</strong></p> <p><strong>The journal is displayed in </strong><strong>scientometric bases:</strong> <strong>&nbsp;</strong><a title="Index Copernicus International" href="http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/++++++++,p2492,3.html"><strong>Index&nbsp;Copernicus&nbsp;International</strong></a><strong>&nbsp;</strong>(Impact Factor ICV 2014 – 46,23; 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(066)4830600</p> <p><strong>E-mail:</strong>&nbsp;sport@eenu.edu.ua</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University en-US Physical education, sports and health culture in modern society 2220-7481 Recreational Tourism In The Process Of Future Specialists Education In The Field Of Physical Culture And Health http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2004 <p>The topicality of the research is due to the contradiction between the need for competent specialists in the field of Physical Culture, Tourism and Recreation and insufficient models for its education, in particular for the discipline «Recreational Tourism».The aim of the research is to develop a model of the optimal educational process of Recreational Tourism for the students of Physical Culture faculties in the field of Recreational Tourism. The methods of research: questionnaires, theoretical modeling, analysis and generalization of literary sources, pedagogical observation, method of mathematical statistics. The Results of the Work. It is established that the professional training of future specialists in recreational tourism is defined as a process that reflects scientifically and methodically substantiated educational measures of a higher educational institution that are of a theoretical and practical nature. These studies have testified that in studying of the educational "Recreational Tourism" discipline, students prefer practical classes, informational lectures (26,9 %), lectures-visualizations (26,9 %), lecture-discussions (22,6 %), meetings with practices in the field of recreational tourism, meetings with practitioners in the field of recreation tourism, excursions, touristic attractions andtravel agencies, etc. The researchers also recommend to the supplement the education system by the following education methods: problem situations, business games, online trainings, conferences, and create theinterdisciplinaryrelations with foreign languages, economics and management. With regard to the disciplines that students would like to learn firstly on a practical level, the most interest is noted in active types of tourism, such as sports, in particular pedestrian, tourist services, ethnographic studies and tourist animation. Conclusions. Thus, the formation of an effective model of profile training of students of the Physical Culture and Health faculties, in particular the complexity in organizing of the educational process for Recreational Tourism, taking into account the views of students, colleagues and the theorists and practitioners work on the selection of content, methods and forms of classes, methods of knowledge assessment, will allow to raise the level of knowledge and motivationto study this discipline.</p> Iryna Voitovych Vasyl Voitovych Ninel Matskevych ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-27 2018-09-27 3 (43) 3 11 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-03-03-11 The Formation of Social Maturity of Senior Pupils (in the Context of the Activity of the Teacher of Physical Culture) http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2006 <p><em>Актуальність.</em> Соціальна зрілість – складне соціально-психологічне явище, яке включає низку компонентів: самосвідомість, світогляд, моральну зрілість, соціальні почуття. Формування соціальної зрілості та її компонентів відбувається під впливом зовнішніх і внутрішніх факторів. Особливого значення набуває виховання й закріплення комплексу особистісних якостей, моральної самосвідомості та соціальних почуттів – основи соціальної зрілості. Соціальні почуття покликаний виховувати і вчитель фізкультури, який формує не лише фізичне, але й моральне здоров’я, соціальну активність, почуття відповідальності, групової інтелектуальної, вольової, емоційної й організаторської єдності та інші важливі особистісні якості вихованців. Тому ставимо за <em>мету</em> виявити шляхи та фактори становлення соціальної зрілості в учнівської молоді під впливом фізкультурних занять, під час яких, окрім фізичного, формується моральне здоров’я, соціальна активність, почуття належності до команди, почуття групи. <em>Методи дослідження</em> – аналіз наукової літератури, спостереження, індивідуальні та групові бесіди, анкетування, тестування, методи статистичного опрацювання результатів дослідження. <em>Результати роботи.</em> Доводимо, що заняття з фізкультури й спорту дають змогу старшокласникам усвідомити існування багатьох форм суспільно корисної діяльності, де вони можуть розкрити себе, свої потенційні можливості, знайти місце їх застосування як у професійному плані, так і в суспільстві. <em>Висновки. </em>Аналіз емпіричних досліджень засвідчує важливу роль занять із фізкультури й спорту у формуванні компонентів соціальної зрілості старшокласників: самоорганізації, самопізнання, вольових та морально-соціальних якостей, почуття групи, взаємодопомоги, уважності, культури спілкування тощо. Виявлено дисонанс між вимогами старшокласників щодо особистості вчителя фізкультури сучасної школи й вимогами майбутніх учителів: учні ставлять більше серйозних вимог, ніж майбутні вчителі, що може вплинути на ставлення учнів до самих занять та на результати роботи вчителя.</p> Oksana Kyselytsia Yuriy Moseychuk Elena Moroz ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-27 2018-09-27 3 (43) 12 19 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-03-12-19 Influence of Olympic Education is on Personality of Schoolchildren http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2007 <p>Education is defined as an educational level, the achievement of which involves systematic and purposeful learning of the content of learning, then according to the current law, education is, first of all, a set of systematized competences, knowledge, skills, practical skills, ways of thinking (competences), professional, ideological, civic qualities and moral and ethical values acquired in institutions of secondary education. This fully corresponds to the European trends in the development of education based on a competent approach. Accordingly, educational activity is consider more broadly (not only as providing educational services with the issuance of the relevant document, but also focusing on satisfying the educational needs of the student). The quality of educational activities is considered not only as a set of characteristics of the education system and its components, but also the level of organization of the educational process, oriented both to ensure the acquisition of individuals qualitative education, and the creation of new knowledge. Conceptually, a model of a modern dynamic system is introduced, which should ensure the development of education with a wide involvement in the educational and organizational-managerial processes of scientific and pedagogical workers and youth. One of the main directions of the concept of educational development is the reformation of the content of education, which will allow the implementation of the ideas of Olympism in future activities; to ensure the distribution of Olympic education among different sections of the population. Innovative nature of the basic provisions of the law follows from the analysis of his thesaurus. Thus, the following categories of the main categories that are clearly defined and regulated by law include: education, educational institution, educational activity, quality of education, quality of educational activity, etc.&nbsp;</p> Katerina Kostrikova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-27 2018-09-27 3 (43) 20 25 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-03-20-25 Gender differences of the hierarchical structure value findings of different age pupils. National university of physical education and sport of Ukraine http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2027 <p><em>Actuality:</em> This article contains reviews of various aspects of gender-related problems and gender-related approach to physical education of pupils. <em>Tasks of the article</em>: The learning of the differences of hierarchical structure value findings of the different age youth. <em>Methods:</em> For examining the hierarchical structure value findings the method of M. Rockicha and questionnaires of S.Bem were used. Pupils of 5-10 forms took part in a researching.</p> <p><em>Results of the study.</em> It is proved that age-related aspect between male and female as common foreground value findings does exist at the same time there are significant differences in selection of terminal and instrumental values. Thus, it is evidenced about age-related changes of foreground qualities thanks to which pupils are able to achieve their goals. Phycological connection of sex in terminal and instrumental values hierarchy is also studied ( femininity,masculinity, androgyny). Differences in selection of own foreground values between boys and girls are detected. <em>Conclusions</em>: Interests, reasons, value findings in the sphere of physical culture, pupils’ attitude to motor-related activity should be studied, in order to shape strategy of attraction of youth to regular physical activity. Orientation to single mark of biological activity or psychosocial system can’t be the only thing in creation early mentioned system. That is why accounting of physiological and motor-functional peculiarities of pupils beside the complex of biosocial attribute is needed. Thus, it is so important that the physical education process of pupils should include gender approach.</p> Tetyana Krutsevych Yevgenij Imas Oksana Marchenko ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-29 2018-09-29 3 (43) 26 35 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-03-26-35 Ukrainian Folk Games as Evidence of Ancientness of Pagan Ritual Ceremonies http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2008 <p>In raising of the problem the question about the unexplored side of the transformation of active games from ritual and ceremonial actions into folk games is put. As exactly in a folk game the hidden ceremonial actions were saved from the ancient times on the Ukrainian territory. As exactly the man of the past tried to influence on forces of the nature by means of playing active actions. As in the ancient&nbsp; times a man, being the object of the influence of the environment, began to build himself and his playing history. Why the folk games, that have&nbsp;remained till now, contain magic motions of ceremonial actions of the ancient Ukrainians, where myths, legends, narrations, relations, labour and military events are traced. The aim of the work consisted in finding out of the pre-conditions of the origin of the folk game and clarification of the vision of the world of ancient slavs by means of active actions. In the summary of the main material it is said with the transformation of ritual and ceremonial game show into folk games as phenomenon of holistic and universal product, as the centre of constructing relations of the collective with nature. The outlook of the ancient slavs is outlined, namely how by means of movement in the game the man of the past wanted to influence the powers of nature; how movement combined myths, legends and tales in ritual-game shows; in what modern games mythical ritual ceremonies are concealed, which with the passage of time were rebuild into folk games and entertainment. The game is regarded as the means of regulation, preservation, reproduction and development of human relationships and values in social and cultural area. In the conclusion the relationship of the ritual and ceremonial active actions of the ancient Ukrainians and of forces of the nature and also transformation&nbsp; of those actions (over historical time) into folk games is stated, and which are the remains of the mythical vision of the world of the ancient Ukrainians.&nbsp;</p> Serhiy Mudryk Iryna Klish Eduard Navrotskyi Andrii Havryliuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-27 2018-09-27 3 (43) 36 40 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-03-36-40 The Influence of Swimming with Application of Aqua Fitness Elements and Intermediate Hypoxic Training on the Physical Preparedness of Girls 11–12 Years http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2009 <p>The aim is to establish the integrated influence of training sessions, which used the elements of aqua fitness and interval hypoxic training, on the special physical training of girls 11–12 years old. Material: 64 athletes aged of 11–12 years, with a sports experience of 2–3 years took place in the research. Results. During 24 weeks at the different stages of&nbsp; studying&nbsp; (after 8, 16 and 24 weeks) the efficiency of the anaerobic alactated and lactate energy supply zones, as well as in the aerobic energy supply zone was studied. It has been established that training sessions of swimming with using of elements of aqua-fitness and interval hypoxic training with the device «Endogenic-01» to improve the indicators in the area of anaerobic alactatious and anaerobic lactate energy supply, efficiency in the zone of aerobic energy supply and power of anaerobic alactat system of girls 11–12 years old. For the first time, the elements of aqua fitness and interval hypoxic training were used in the training process of young swimmers. The expediency of such an innovation is explained by minimizing the negative impact on the children’s body of exercises on the development of force in conditions of the aquatic environment while improving the functional capabilities of the organism. The effectiveness of the complex application in the training process of the swimmers of the aqua fitness and the interval hypoxic training with the girls of 11–12 years is confirmed by the probable difference between the performance indicators in the aerobic energy supply zone (by 2,43 %), efficiency in the anaerobic lactate energy supply zone (6,67 %) and the power of anaerobic power supply systems (by 21,69 %) for representatives of groups of KG and BG2 and indicators of efficiency in the aerobic energy supply zone (by 2,31 %) and the capacity of anaerobic systems energy supply (to 15,00 %) in the group of representatives BG1 and BG2 in favor of the last after 24 weeks of employment for our proposed applications<strong>.</strong> Conclusions<strong>.</strong> The efficiency of complex application in swimming classes of aqua fitness elements and interval hypoxic training has been proved. The feasibility of such&nbsp; combination is proved by the growth of performance indicators in areas of aerobic, anaerobic alactatic and lactate energy supply.</p> Victoria Golovkina ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-27 2018-09-27 3 (43) 41 48 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-03-41-48 The Importance of the Development of Vestibular Apparatus for the Formation of Oral Speech for Hearing-Impaired Children Using Verbotonal Method http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2010 <p>Topicality. Today there are many different approaches to upbring and educate hearing-impaired children in the world. The verbotonal method is one of the alternative systems for rehabilitation of hearing-impaired children, what is fundamentally different from traditional approaches. This method provides for a simultaneous development of all sense organs, does not offer to isolate a specific kind of perception, nor exaggerating the role of a particular stimulus or replacement with other linguistic code. The main task of the method is a harmonious development of the child, his preparation for social adaptation and integration, taking into account individual abilities. The purpose of the research was to highlight the developmental characteristics of the vestibular apparatus for the formation of oral speech in hearing-impaired children using verbotonal method. Materials 40 preschool-age children were examined. Main group 1 (MG1) included 21 children aged 5,2±0,1 years old (10 boys, 11 girls), control group (CG1) included 19 children. Results. The results of children rehabilitation based on the results of valuation of psychomotor development are presented. The method is complex and includes the following elements: status of hand-eye coordination, speed and precision in movements, development of perception, visual memory, assessment of auditory development and coordination. Conclusions. It is determined that development of vestibular apparatus plays an important role in the development of oral speech and is aimed at restoring audiolingual skills for normal functioning of individual. It is recommended that in the rehabilitation process it is necessary to pay special attention to integral and harmonious development of personality, restoration of intellectual development, physical, mental and verbal growth of the child based on his potential abilities. Timely and well-organized rehabilitation work ensures the proper development of the individual and promotes rapid socialization of the child.</p> Olha Zastavna ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-27 2018-09-27 3 (43) 49 55 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-03-49-55 Peculiarities of Formation Smimming Training Process of Junior Schoolchildren in a Summer Camp http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2011 <p class="182" style="line-height: 102%;">Analysis of scientific researches show the importance of finding and developing new methodological approaches to initial swimming training that would take into account all the features and possibilities of modern camp shifts, would significantly improve the quality and effectiveness of swimming training in summer health camps. The article analyzes main requirements that need to be taken into account in initial swimming training. Reasons which complicate the process of swimming of junior schoolchildren, cause discomfort, fear and stressful situation are determined. Structure and content of swimming training in a summer health camp for junior schoolchildren are developed in the article. Swimming technique with the use of respiratory gymnastics by A.N. Strelnikova was developed on the basis of analysis of scientific literature, generalization of practical experience of leading experts and obtained data with elements of aqua aerobics, exercises with snorkeling and rescue exercises. Organizational and methodological conditions of teaching swimming of junior schoolchildren in the summer health camp «Lastochka» in an open water bodies are given in comparison with classical technique by Nabatnikova M. Experimental methodology of swimming training contains teaching material, methods and tools, including technical devices: a series of lessons «Swimming as the most important human skill», lessons with elements of training (fighting phobia related to open water bodies), the game program «I am a lifeguard». The study reveals results of ability to swim of junior schoolchildren age who took part in training swimming sessions on the basis of the summer camp «Lastochka» in Skadovsk in 2016 during the month of August. The results of introduction of experimental method in the swimming training of the summer health camp positively influenced the ability to swim. Comprehensive study of swimming exercises gave children the opportunity to gain new skills and knowledge in rescuing drowning men, which, to a large extent, contribute to safety of children on the water.</p> Olga Obrazhey ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-27 2018-09-27 3 (43) 56 62 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-56-62 Features of physical preparedness of pupils of 5-6 classes in the context of the time norms of evaluation http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2012 <p>The article is devoted to the topic of the study of the peculiarities of the preparedness of the students of 5–6 grades of the secondary school and the modern approaches to its evaluation. Relevance of the Research Topic. Physical preparedness is one of the factors that characterizes the ability to work, the state of both physical and mental health. The low level of physical preparedness of the growing-up generation is a problem that is inherent in most European countries, including Ukraine. According to the Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, a significant number of students in secondary schools have a low level of health, which to a certain extent is due to insufficient level of their physical fitness. The state of health undergoes appropriate changes in this regard. Leading Ukrainian scientists advise to consider physical preparedness more widely, not limited only to the level of development of motor qualities and the mastery of certain motor activities. They insist on the mandatory consideration of the morpho-functional capabilities of organs and systems of the body, which will allow holistic and projective approach to the somatic formation of personality. The purpose of the study is to determine the level of physical preparedness of students of 5–6 grades. Research Methodology. The experiment was attended by 194 children, aged 10–12, of which 90 boys and 104 girls. The research was conducted on the basis of a specialized school № 269 in Kyiv with a profound study of the French language. The following motor tests were used to study the physical preparedness of schoolchildren of grades 5–6: «standing long jump» (speed-power qualities); «Push-up exercises» (strength of the muscles of the arms) for the girl; «Pull-up exercises» for the boys (strength of the muscles of the arms); «Shuttle run 9m x 4» (agility); «Run 30m» (speed quality); «Running 1000 m» (endurance); «Bending forward from sitting position» (flexibility). The strength of the muscles of the hand was measured with the help of a child&amp;apos;s hand dynamometer. The data of the researches were subjected to mathematical and statistical processing in order to interpret the results of pedagogical experiments, as it required by similar studies in the field of physical culture and sports. Results of Work and Key Conclusions. The&nbsp;testing&nbsp;data analysis allows to conclude that the results of the students correspond to sufficient and high levels of competence in accordance with the school program «Physical Culture». (Grades 5–9), as well as the State Testing System of Ukraine. However, in our opinion, certain positions of the State Tests need to be revised, since they are slightly understated. Taking into account the fact that the level of physical fitness is interrelated with the level of somatic health of children, we believe that such «correction» of norms will not promote optimization of physical culture and health work in secondary schools.</p> Sofia Vlasova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-27 2018-09-27 3 (43) 63 72 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-03-63-72 Improvement of Physical Fitness of Transport College Students Through Running http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2013 <p>Aim of the research was to study the influence of running exercises in the aerobic regime of energy supply on the indicators of transport college students’ physical preparedness.&nbsp; In the course of research, theoretical analysis and generalization of data of scientific and methodological literature, physical fitness tests, methods of mathematical statistics were used. The research was conducted in September 2015 – April 2016, based on the Vinnytsia State Pedagogical University named after Mikhail Kotsiubynsky. The study involved 44 students of the Vinnitsa Transport College of the male sex. Students were divided into two groups of control and main groups. Influence of a 24-week program with running exercises in the aerobic regime of energy supply was studied.&nbsp; Effectiveness of exercises using aerobic exercise in aerobic exercise was studied by their ability to influence the physical fitness of students at the Transport College. It was established that «The curriculum for physical education for higher education institutions of I-II accreditation level» does not lead to the likely positive changes in the physical preparedness of the students of the transport college. Introduction of running exercises in the aerobic regime of energy supply in the classes of transport college students three times a week improves their&nbsp; general endurance, speed endurance and speed-strength endurance; strength dynamic endurance of lower limb muscles as well as strength static endurance of&nbsp; back muscles, gluteus muscles and posterior thigh. After 24 weeks of classes with running exercises in the aerobic regime of energy supply the students showed a possible increase in the values of general endurance (by 4,35 %), speed endurance (by 3,73 %), strength dynamic endurance of lower limb muscles (by 8,27 %) and static endurance of&nbsp; back muscles, gluteus muscles and posterior thigh (by 5,39 %) (p&lt;0,05).</p> Stanislav Galandzovskii Alla Sulyma Anatolii Korolchuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-27 2018-09-27 3 (43) 73 77 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-03-73-77 Impact of Systematic Physical Exertion on Morpho-Functional Development of Schoolchildren http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2014 <p>The problem of children health retention and enhancement attracts more and more attention of experts from different spheres. Significant negative changes in the health state and morpho-functional development of schoolchildren that were observed during the recent years, on the one hand, are connected with the growth of studying exertion on the background of considerable breach of study and educational process organization conditions, on the other hand, with the decline in children organism functional reserves, on which the level of children organism adaptive resources depends. Among the chain of reasons causing increase in functional disorders and diseases of schoolchildren the insufficient movement activity takes the leading place. The objective of the research – to study the impact of systematic physical exertion on the morpho-functional development of senior schoolchidren.132 pupils of the 10-11 forms took part in the investigation (age group from 16 to 18 years old) participated in the research, including boys – 65 pupils, girls – 67 pupils. The whole contingent of the teenagers was divided by their age, gender and amount of movement regime. The first group included the pupils with low movement activity, who attended 2 Physical Training lessons at a comprehensive school. The second group (high movement regime) comprised teenager sportsmen, who played sports (basketball) 10–12 hours a week, with the prevailing development of organism aerobic resources. The pupils referred to the 1<sup>st</sup> and 2<sup>nd</sup> health groups and those who do not have chronic diseases as well as those who had not been ill for two weeks before the investigation were examined. Results. It was determined that the level of physical development, functional state of teenager organism are influenced by the amount of movement regime. It was revealed that boys and girls who go in for sport are characterized by a higher level of physical development and functional reserves. The teenagers that attend only Physical Training classes at a comprehensive school turned out to have a low level of physical development. The results of the research make it possible to predict the stages of the ultimate formation of children organism somatic and physiological rates, to facilitate more objective assessment of the functional state of organism vital systems.</p> Evelina Zhyhuliova Ivan Stasyuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-27 2018-09-27 3 (43) 78 85 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-03-78-85 Functional State of the Musculoskeletal System of the Middle School Age Children Withhearing Loss http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2015 <p>The topicality of the research. The human musculoskeletalsystem plays an important role in the formation and harmonious development of it. The functional state of the musculoskeletal system is a unique indicator of health. The analysis of literary resources testifythat children with hearing loss have the indicators of the musculoskeletal system functional state differ from those in healthy children. The aim of the research is to determine and analyze the age-related changes in the indicators of the functional state of the musculoskeletal system for the children of middle school age with hearing loss. In the process of research we used the following methods: analysis of literary resources, videometry (Torso Program) for determining the angles of the torso and head inclination, pedagogical testing for the definition of the static endurance of the front torso and legs muscles and the back torso and legs muscles also methods of mathematical statistics. The results of the work. The results of the work. In the research it was found that in the age of 11-14 years, boys and girls research indicators are growing, also&nbsp;this process is ambiguous. So in the research period, the indicator of&nbsp;static endurance&nbsp;of the front part of the torso and&nbsp;legs is statistically significantly (p &lt;0,05) in creases for boys to 9,2s,for girls only to 5,2 s; the indicator of&nbsp;static endurance&nbsp;of the back part of the torso and&nbsp;legs is&nbsp;statistically significant (p &lt;0,05) increases for boys to 9,2 s, for girls to 6,2 s. The angle of inclination of the head (a<sub>1</sub>) in the period of 11-14 years as boys as girls is statistically significant (p &lt;0,05) in creasing to 0,6 degree. The angle of in clination of the torso (a<sub>1</sub>) is statistically significant (p &lt;0,05) in creases for boys 0.18 degrees and for girls – 0.2 degrees. Growth of the research indicators is different for boys and girls. Conclusions.The obtained results indicate that boys and girls have statistically significant (p&lt;0.05) growth of the research parameters in the age aspect. In this case, the boys and girls have rather low indicators of static endurance of front part of the torso and legs, somewhat better, but still low indicators of static endurance of the back of the torso and legs. Indicators of the angles of inclination of the head and torso are also lower than the standard ones.</p> Roman Ivanitsky Alla Alоshуna ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-27 2018-09-27 3 (43) 86 90 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-03-86-90 Physical Fitness and Morpho-Functional State of Adolescents with Different Aerobic Productivity level http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2016 <p>Introduction. Insufficient level of schoolchildren physical fitness and physical health determines the relevance of studying of physical qualities development in relation to adolescents’ body aerobic productivity and physical development. The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between the components of physical fitness and physical development of adolescents with different levels of aerobic productivity. Materials and Methods. Assessment of schoolchildren physical fitness (L. P.&nbsp;Sergienko, 2010); aerobic productivity determination step-ergometry method (V. L. Karpman, 1988). Physical development assessment was carried out on the basis of the power indexes definition, body mass index and Pinie’s index. Muscle mass value for power indexes calculation was determined by Matejko method. The study involved 423 adolescents, 211 of them were females and 212 were males. Results. Aerobic productivity level reducing is accompanied by body mass index increasing and Pinie’s index reducing, which reflects the important role of physical development somatometric features in determining organism functional capabilities. Aerobic productivity level increasing is connected with muscle strength increasing that is testified by power indexes dynamics, determined by ratio indicators of hand and static dynamometry to the muscular mass in both girls and boys bodies, as well as hands flexion-extension in lying position to body mass in male adolescents. Conclusions. With the reducing in aerobic productivity level there is an increasing in the proportion of children with below average physical preparedness level and reducing in above average physical preparedness level. The presence of respondents with above average physical preparedness level in each experimental group indicates the opportunities to improve the physical qualities development level. The obtained results can be used to develop differentiated approaches in physical education of students with different aerobic productivity levels.</p> Oleksandr Lemak Iryna Sultanova Iryna Ivanyshyn Rodion Arlamovskyi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-27 2018-09-27 3 (43) 91 98 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-03-91-98 The Structure and Level of Physical Activity of Students of Higher Education Institutions http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2018 <p>Relevance. The urgency of the research is determined by the contradiction between the positive effect of desirable physical activity on the effective functioning of organism and the low level of its formation in the students. The&nbsp;purpose of the study is to determine the structure and level of physical activity of students in higher education. Methods. An international enquire of physical activity methodology (IPAQ) was used. In general, 1,160 students (323 boys and 837 girls) participated in the pedagogical study of 1–4 courses of the in-person form of education of the Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University. Results. The majority of respondents (57 %) have a low level of physical activity. 30 % of teenagers have an average level of physical activity and only 13 % have a high level. It was found that the high level of physical activity is the lowest among freshmen. The level of physical activity practically does not change and does not significantly affect the number of students’ locomotion, in the process of learning. The specialty, which was chosen, does not significantly affect the level of physical activity of young people. The factors, which exhibit a peculiar effect on the usual level of physical activity, belong to the place of birth and residence of students. The largest number of people with a high level of locomotor activity was indicated by a large city (16,4 %). The low level of physical activity is demonstrated by students from villages and small towns (65 % and 59,1 %, consequently). Conclusions. The established level of physical activity is inadequate and does not help maintain the proper functional state of the organism. The training effect has a high level of physical activity, which includes independent or specially organized physical exercises. This component of physical activity is only in the compulsory physical exercises. If there are no such activities, then there is no high level of physical activity.</p> Vasyl Pantik ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-29 2018-09-29 3 (43) 99 107 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-03-99-107 Strength indicators of shock actions by the hands and the legs of cadets of higher education institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2019 <p>Relevance of Research Topic. It is important for the cadets to be able to perform high speed and strength attacks (taking into account vulnerable points on the human body), as it allows to effectively overcome the offender’s actions and to negatively affect his ability to work if there is a direct threat to the life and health of a police officer or a citizen. Purpose and Methods of Research. The purpose of the work is to investigate the strengths of the shock actions by the hands and the legs of cadets at different stages of training. Methods: theoretical analysis and generalization of data of scientific-methodical literature and empirical materials of scientific research; control tests – testing, using the shock chronodynamometer «SPUDERG» [6], which allows to measure the strength of shock actions; methods of statistical processing. Results of Work and Key Conclusions. The power indices of single shock actions were researched. A comparative analysis of the strength indices of individual types of shock actions by the hands and the legs of cadets at different stages of training was conducted. The obtained research results allowed to find reserves for the improvement of the level of special physical training of the cadets, as well as to increase the efficiency of the process of studying and improving the technique of shock actions in the educational process in the discipline «Special Physical Training».</p> Maryna Chervonoshapka Halyna Shutka Oksana Chychkan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-29 2018-09-29 3 (43) 108 112 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-03-108-112 Structure of Surgical Intervention at Obliterating Atherosclerosis of Lower Extremities and Aspects of Rehabilitation of Patients with this Pathology http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2020 <p>The Relevance of the Topic. In most economically developed countries cardiovascular diseases occupy a leading position among the causes of morbidity, disability, and mortality. Mortality from diseases of the cardiovascular system prevails over mortality from all malignant neoplasms taken together, and, 25% of those who died of cardiovascular diseases are people of working age. Atherosclerosis (aterosclerosis) is a chronic disease, characterized by lipoid infiltration of the inner shell of the arteries of the elastic and mixed types with subsequent development of connective tissue in their wall, and clinically manifested by general and local disorders of blood circulation. Obliterating atherosclerosis is a type of atherosclerosis, characterized by a sharp narrowing or complete closure of the arterial lumen. As a rule, it is observed in the arteries of the lower extremities, heart, kidneys and the external sections of the brain blood vessels.<em> The purpose of the study</em><strong> –</strong> to establish the structure of surgical interventions in the obliterating atherosclerosis of the lower extremities and to identify the main aspects that should be addressed for the rehabilitation of patients with this pathology. Methods of research <strong><em>– </em></strong>analysis and synthesis of scientific sources, analysis of medical records. The analysis of 59 medical records of patients after surgical interventions with obliterating atherosclerosis of the lower extremities has been performed. The structure of interventions and their complications for ten months of 2017 have been analysed. The exclusion criterion is patients with obliterative atherosclerosis of the lower extremities with diabetes. Results of the Research. Such patients need rehabilitation interventions, depending on the stage of the disease, on the type of surgical intervention in the early postoperative period and in ambulatory surveillance. Particular attention is needed for patients after amputation of phalanges of toes, the support part foot and amputations above the knee. After all, amputation of the lower extremities significantly disturbs the body’s static, the center of gravity moves toward the retained limb. As a result, the slope of the pelvis, which leads to curvature of the spine and an increase in the load on the retained limb occurs, as well as the atrophy of the muscles of the box. The quality of life of patients significantly decreases. Conclusions. According to the results of the study it has been found out the percentage of women with this disease is lower than that of men, but it is significant, which does not completely coincide with previous studies, and obviously, it is necessary to investigate the causes of the growth of the disease in women. It has been found out that almost a quarter of patients with this diagnosis got into the surgery department at the stage of destructive changes with distinctive ulcers in the distal parts of the limbs and fingers, which led to their amputation.</p> Nataliya Golod ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-29 2018-09-29 3 (43) 113 120 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-03-113-120 Оцінка якості життя хворих із хронічним обструктивним захворюванням легень із застосуванням опитувальника SF-36 http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2025 <p>The Relevance of Research. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease today is one of the leading places in the structure of morbidity of the adult working-age population of Ukraine. The severity of the problem adds economic losses on a national scale, which are due to the cost of treatment and a significant deterioration in the quality of life of such persons. The need to improve the effectiveness of restorative treatment of such patients requires the selection of fast and informative methods for diagnosing their functional state. Objective and Methods <strong>–</strong> set the level of the quality of life of patients with COPD using the SF-36 questionnaire. The research method is a using the SF-36 questionnaire, which provides for the application of 8 blocks of questions to determine the level of quality of life of patients with COPD. The Results and Key Findings<strong><em>.</em></strong> 25 men aged 56–64 years with COPD were examined. To compare the results obtained, 17 practically healthy men of the same age were additionally examined. Conducting a survey to determine the effect of physical activity on the quality of life of patients with COPD has shown, that the mean value of scores in their scores was significantly less for such in healthy patients and gives grounds to state about the significant effect of the presence of the disease on their motor state. Evaluation of responses concerning the role of physical problems in limiting their ability to live shows, that men with COPD do not consider the presence of the disease the reason that prevents them from doing their daily work. As a conclusion, we have a certain inconsistency in relation to males with COPD to the content of their illness and its impact on their quality of life. The received results testify to necessity of inclusion in the rehabilitation program of such patients of the factors, which would allow them to realize the content of the disease and its effect on the body. One of these factors we consider psychological rehabilitation.</p> Roksolana Horbata ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-29 2018-09-29 3 (43) 121 125 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-03-121-125 Monitoring of the Parameters of the Quality of Life in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis with Miofascial Pain Syndrome in Implementation of Physical Rehabilitation Program http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2021 <p>The Topicality of the Research. Multiple sclerosis is accompanied by significant deviations in the psycho-emotional, spiritual and social spheres. Cryotherapy is a new effective method that is used in programs for patients with myofascial pain syndrome. This publication presents the results of the study of the quality of life of patients with multiple sclerosis before and in different periods after local and complex cryotherapy, as well as a description of responses associated with quality of life after combined physical rehabilitation. The aIm of the Research:&nbsp;to substantiate the inclusion of cryotherapy in the basic programs of physical rehabilitation for patients with multiple sclerosis complicated by myofascial pain syndrome.The methods of the Research. The research included 105 patients at age 25–54 years with a verified diagnosis of multiple sclerosis complicated by myofascial pain syndrome. The general questionnaire SF-36 was used to assess the quality of life. Theresults of the Research. It was determined that the quality of life of patients with multiple sclerosis prior to implementation of physical rehabilitation program is significantly reduced by most scales of physical, mental and social functioning; the profile of quality of life of patients is characterized by compression and deformation. Carrying out of the cryotherapy with acupuncture is accompanied by a marked improvement in the quality of life of patients with multiple sclerosis. The answers are related to the quality of life, in the form of improvement or stabilization, recorded in most patients with complicated by myofascial pain syndrome after complex cryotherapy: in 96% of patients after combined physical rehabilitation and in 87 % of patients after local cryotherapy.The Conclusions. A profile of the quality of life of patients with multiple sclerosis indicates its compression and deformity, which is due to a significant decrease in the indicators that characterize the physical, mental and social scale of functioning. Monitoring of such patients in the long term after the implementation of the author’s program on physical rehabilitation indicates a stabilization of quality of life, which manifests itself as a marked improvement in the profile in 96% of patients after complex and in 87 % of patients after local procedures.</p> Yurii Lysenko Bohdan Mytskan Serhii Popel ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-29 2018-09-29 3 (43) 126 130 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-03-126-130 The Effectiveness of the Coach’s Activity of Women's Mini-Football Team http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2022 <p>Relevance of the Theme. Physical culture and sport on the modern stage are the mighty means of forming a personality. Besides, it is one of the ways of the development of the intensive trainers’ creativity. As the rule women&nbsp;master&nbsp;such kinds of sports, which are traditionally considered to be «masculine» activities. One of them is mini-football. The main objective of the article is to show the demands to a personality of a professional&nbsp; trainer, describe the qualities, he or she needs to obtain in order to do training more effective. Methods<strong> –</strong> analysis of scientific literature. Results. The authors of this article emphasize that trainer should be a highly qualified personality, able to give his students deep knowledge and develop the necessary students’ skills make it possible to achieve great results in sports they go in for, and finally to succeed in sport. Trainers must always be in search of&nbsp; new ways, methods of teaching, in the process of creation of new technique, tactics, methodology of training, taking into account physical ability of a woman. The aim of a professional&nbsp; trainer is to he develop students’ creative thinking, fantasy, intuition and other characteristics of the creative person by means of sport. Conclusions. The creative trainer must be in search of decisions based on his ability to transform knowledge and methodical receptions, ability to apply the reliable criteria of estimation of sportswomen in concrete time.</p> Oleh Mazurchuk Oleksandr Panasiuk Petro Herasymiuk Andrii Havryliuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-29 2018-09-29 3 (43) 131 136 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-03-131-136 Інформація про І Міжнародний конгрес «Якість життя в інтердисциплінарному вимірі» http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2023 <p><strong>Інформація про І Міжнародний конгрес «Якість життя в інтердисциплінарному вимірі»</strong></p> Svitlana Indyka ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-29 2018-09-29 3 (43) 137 137 Інформація для авторів http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2024 <p><strong>Інформація для авторів</strong></p> Svitlana Indyka ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-29 2018-09-29 3 (43) 138 138