ФІЗИЧНЕ ВИХОВАННЯ, СПОРТ І КУЛЬТУРА ЗДОРОВ'Я У СУЧАСНОМУ СУСПІЛЬСТВІ http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport <p><span style="font-size: 210%;">PHYSICAL EDUCATION, SPORTS AND HEALTH CULTURE IN MODERN SOCIETY</span></p> <p>ISSN 2410-2156 (Online), ISSN 2220-7481 (Print)</p> <p><em><strong>State registration certificate</strong> КВ № 19773-9573 ПР of 15.03.2013.</em></p> <p><em>“Physical education, sport and health culture in modern society” is a specialized edition in Ukraine where the results of dissertations for obtaining&nbsp; scientific degrees of Doctor and Candidate of Science in the field of <strong>“Pedagogical Sciences”</strong> (supplement 10 to the decree of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of 12.05.2015 № 528) and <strong>“Physical Education and Sport”</strong> (supplement 17 to the decree of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of 13.07.2015 №&nbsp;747) can be published.</em></p> <p><strong>Y<em>ear of establishment</em></strong><em>&nbsp;: 1999</em></p> <p><em><strong>I</strong><strong>nstituto</strong><strong>r: </strong><a href="http://eenu.edu.ua/en" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University</a></em></p> <p><em><strong>Areas and issues:</strong> is an international periodical that covers a wide range of issues in the domains of mass sport, physical rehabilitation and sports of higher achievements. The journal includes the articles that give the history of physical education development in Ukraine and all over the world; philosophical, legal and organizational problems in physical culture; peculiarities of physical education of different groups of population; problems of professional training of physical education teachers; pedagogic technologies of physical exercises; means of working capacity renewal; peculiarities of athletes training and adapting human organism to physical activity.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Periodicity: </strong>quarterly.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Language editions</strong>: Ukrainian, Russian, English.</em></p> <p><em><strong>The journal was introduced on&nbsp;1 January 2016</strong> <strong>an electronic version in English.</strong></em></p> <p><em><strong>The journal is displayed in </strong><strong>scientometric bases:</strong> <strong>&nbsp;</strong><a title="Index Copernicus International" href="http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/++++++++,p2492,3.html"><strong><em>Index</em><em>&nbsp;</em><em>Copernicus</em><em>&nbsp;</em><em>International</em></strong></a><strong>&nbsp;</strong>(Impact Factor ICV 2014 – 46,23; 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(066)4830600</em></p> <p><em><strong>E-mail:</strong>&nbsp;sport@eenu.edu.ua</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University en-US ФІЗИЧНЕ ВИХОВАННЯ, СПОРТ І КУЛЬТУРА ЗДОРОВ'Я У СУЧАСНОМУ СУСПІЛЬСТВІ 2220-7481 The Dynamics of the Development of Walking Tourism Among the Adult Population of the Southern Region of Ukraine in the Second Half of the XXth and the Beginning of the XXIst Century http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1803 <p class="164" style="line-height: 97%;"><span lang="EN">Sports tourism as a kind of sport is developing in all former Soviet Union countries. The first steps to establish sports tourism were made in Tsarist Russia, and the rapid development was reached during the period of Soviet Union. There were ups and down in development of the sports tourism in Ukraine. The basis for the development of any sport are indicators of the involvement of children and youth. That’s why the basis of the study is the study and analysis of the development of walking tourism among adults in Kherson, Mykolaiv and Odessa regions.&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN">According to the study, there were a number of phases in the sports tourism development: hiking was the main form <span style="letter-spacing: -.3pt;">of sports tourism, which was developing during the time of the former Soviet Union. The sports tourism in Souther</span>n regions of Ukraine depends on several factors, which have both positive and negative impacts on the development.</span></p> Oleksandr Kilnytskyi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-16 2018-02-16 4 (40) 5 9 Ptoblematics of Involvement of Youth in Mass and Professional Sports Activities http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1801 <p>Today the strategy of human development should predominate on a scale of the state. In fact the formation and the progress of the nation, and therefore of the state itself, are possible only if all the necessary favorable conditions for the self–development and self-realization of each individual are created. The author examines the current state of the development of sport and its relevance. The attention is focused on the development of sport, as one of the priority issues of state policy of Ukraine. The author covers thorny questions of problematics of involvement of youth in sports activities, tasks of the existing sport system in Ukraine. The legal framework, state legislative acts, materials of state institutions, social polls, conclusions of specialists in the sphere of sports, sports observers are used for the research. The author emphasizes the need of the solution of a number of existing problems at the state level and creations of necessary conditions for sport progress in Ukraine. The use of international practices is suggested and recommendations are given for taking concrete steps in the creation of an effective model for the development of sport that is provided on condition of the active participation of the state and society.</p> Andrii Koval ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-16 2018-02-16 4 (40) 10 14 Conceptual Background of the School System Reform of Physical Education in Ukraine http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1806 <p>Despite modern requirements and the reform of the education system in Ukraine, the problem of health and the level of physical development of children of both school age and youth has not been solved yet and remains a burning issue. Studies conducted by the Ministry of Health of Ukraine show that 45 % of students suffer from various chronic diseases, 66 % have a violation of posture, 19 % of senior pupils have high blood pressure, etc. That is why, the purpose of this research is to reveal the conceptual background that determines the importance of physical education in the modern educational system. The article shows the necessity of strengthening the health-improving focus of school physical education lessons. The approximate educational program for physical education at school has been proposed. The necessity of introducing physical culture and recreation hours in a school day, the need to strengthen athletic classes, the introduction of the theoretical course of the principles of a healthy lifestyle, the issues of material support for physical education at school, promotion and management of physical education and other issues dealing with the implementation of a healthy lifestyle not only for students, but also for other population groups have been studied.</p> Oleksandr Kuts Borys Kedrovsky Valentyna Leonova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-16 2018-02-16 4 (40) 15 23 Tourism and Regional Studies in Galicia in the Late XIX and First Half of the XX Century http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1808 <p>The purpose of the article is to highlight the general conditions and main directions of development of tourism and regional studies in Galicia in the late XIX and first half of the XX century. Author analyzes the role and contribution of individual scholars and public figures in the development of the tourist–local lore movement, starting with the activities of the members of the «Ruska trijcia». It was established that their travels were ethnographers and directed to study ethnographic and linguistic features of the region. Due to the work of I. Havryshkevich, O. Partytsky, cartography was developed, the tourist routes for the first time in the vicinity of Galicia and Lviv were described. In the course of regional travels A. Petrushevich and I. Sharanevych created the first Ukrainian museums in Lviv, an ethnographic exhibition was held in Ternopil, and since 1882 have begun excavations of the city of Galich. An important role in the development of tourism and local lore studies was played by I. Franko and V. Shukhevych. Author pays special attention to the activities of tourist associations «Chornogora» in Stanislaviv, «Plai» in Lviv and in Ternopil. Already in the 20's of the XX century tourist studies of children and youth became an integral part of the activity of the societies «Sich», «Sokil», «Lug», «Orly» and Plast. Metropolitan Andrey Sheptytsky and historian I. Krypiakevich took an active part in popularizing and developing the tourist-local lore movement. Author asserts that the development of the tourist-local lore movement in Galicia contributed to the growth of the national consciousness of children and youth.</p> Vasyl Lutskyi Bogdan Mytskan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-16 2018-02-16 4 (40) 24 28 Consideration of the Somatotype in the Development of Primary Teaching Swimming Methods of Children http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1810 <p>The study reveals the issue of studying the physical development and a somatotype of a child to develop a methodology for initial swimming training in open water bodies. The following methods are used in the work: analysis and generalization of literary sources, medical-biological methods (anthropometric), pedagogical observation, methods of mathematical statistics with using «Excel 2000». The buoyancy of primary school children was diagnosed in real conditions of swimming training lessons with two tests: horizontal and vertical. The survey sample consisted of children aged 8–9, out of which there were 15 girls and 14 boys. They were at «Swimming school» in Kherson during June 2016. All children were able to swim. An individual assessment of the degree of anthropometric development indicators using centimetric tables revealed that children with an average level of physical development predominated in two sexually active age groups, but there was a significant percentage of children with a low level of physical development. In the course of the study, it was discovered that boys and girls of hypersthenic somatotype had high level in two exercises; children of primary school age of normostenic and asthenic somatotype had less buoyancy. The analyzed values of the correlation coefficients indicated that there was an insignificant connection between height and buoyancy.&nbsp; The study observed the relationship between the indicators of body weight and the result of buoyancy test. The most significant relationship wass between the result of the chest volume and the result of the buoyancy tests.</p> Olga Obrazhey ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-16 2018-02-16 4 (40) 29 34 Olympic Education as an Important Component of a Comprehensive Curriculum on Physical Culture http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1816 <p>Topicality. The Olympic education of youth is one of the most important components in the formation of a harmoniously developed personality, the development of feelings and attitudes, habits of behavior, based on the Olympic principles, the Olympic values and the Olympic ideal. Task.&nbsp; To study the content component of the Olympic themes in the comprehensive curriculum on physical culture. Methods. Analysis of literary sources, method of comparative analysis, methods of theoretical interpretation. Results. The results of our research have made it possible to find out the importance and necessity of studying the Olympic theme information by schoolchildren. Conclusions. Olympic education plays an important role in the process of teaching physical education. Students engaged in sports must learn to constantly strive for self-improvement, to work daily on the development of their spiritual, mental, volitional and physical abilities.</p> Vira Tkachuk Iryna Turchyk Roman Chopyk Larysa Kozibroda Maria Chemerys ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-16 2018-02-16 4 (40) 35 40 Modernization of Physical Education of Students by Means of Choreography on the Basis of an Integrated Approach http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1820 <p>To uncover the peculiarities of modernizing the physical education of students through the search for an effective technology of education and education by means of choreography on the basis of an integrated approach. The interest of scientists in solving the problem of integration of choreography in physical education has been revealed, but one should note the lack of scientific methodological developments in this direction. It is suggested to use choreography in the physical education of students on the basis of an integrated approach, which is aimed at motivational-value attitude to physical education and sports activities, orientation to physical perfection, mastering of the system of knowledge, skills and abilities from physical culture and choreography. The results of the research showed significant changes in the indicators of physical preparedness, physical health, theoretical preparedness, which occurred during the pedagogical experiment. It is proved that dance movement is an effective means of training the human body and can be effectively used in modern effective teaching and learning technologies that solve the problems of physical and intellectual development of students, meet the need for motor activity, and form a sustainable motivation to engage in physical education.</p> Natalia Chuprun ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-16 2018-02-16 4 (40) 41 45 The Effect of Sports Club Participation on the Students’ Somatic Health http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1822 <p>The implementation of female crossfit for girls and football classes for boys as a part of the sports club participation appears to be prospective for the optimization of the physical education in higher educational institutions and for the somatic health of students. The purpose of the research is to estimate the effect of crossfit and football classes as a part of the sports club participation on the morphofunctional parameters of the physical development and the somatic health of students. The results of the research. It is specified that during the main pedagogical experiment we were observing essential differences in functional parameters of the physical development for students in the experimental group: the growth of lung capacity ratio – by 5,94–8,70 %, handgrip strength – by 5,76–12,60 %, declining resting heart rate by 1,62–5,28 % comparing to the students of the control group where the changes were not significant. In the dynamics of morphological parameters, there were no changes. The comparative analysis of the basic and finite data of the somatic health parameters proved the efficiency of experimental methods. Influenced by them, the students of the experimental groups significantly improved their data: the correlation of lung capacity to body mass – by 3,87–9,61 %, the correlation of handgrip strength to body mass index – by 3,68–13,54 %, Robinson’s index – by 1,78–6,23 % and Ruffier’s index – by 12,85–16,52 %. The changes in parameters of basic and finite data of the somatic health index of the experimental groups were essentially different from the same parameters of the students in the control groups. Conclusions. Sports club participation in a female crossfit for girls and football classes for boys has a great impact on the physical fitness of student youth specifically on improving morphofunctional parameters of their physical development and the level of the somatic health.</p> Valeriy Hryhoriev ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-16 2018-02-16 4 (40) 46 52 Serological Markers in the Prognosis of the Development of Human Speed Abilities http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1826 <p>The article presents data on the study of a correlation between blood groups system AB0 and Rh with the peculiarities of the development of human speed abilities. It identifies a complex of genetic markers and substantiates the possibility of using this complex in the individual prognosis of the development of human motor abilities. The study shows that individuals with 0(I) and A(II) blood groups and Rh+ have a high predisposition to the development of speed abilities.</p> Valentyna Lyshevska Serhiy Shepoval ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-16 2018-02-16 4 (40) 53 59 Motor Activity in the Informational Environment of High-School-Age Students http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1828 <p>The goal of the research is to reveal the main sources of information on motor activity that affect the information environment of high-school-age students. Tasks of the study: find out the frequency of obtaining the information about motor activity by high-school-age students; reveal the main sources from which the information about the motor activity is received by high-school-age students. The survey was conducted among students of the 10<sup>th</sup>-11th forms of secondary schools in Lviv, Ternopil, Ivano-Frankivsk and Khmelnytsky. The total number of students was 925 (450 boys and 475 girls). The frequency of receiving information on motor activity by 15–17-year-old students of secondary schools was determined. The main sources which provide high–school–age students with the information on the motor activity were revealed. The purpose of using one or another source of information by students of the 10th–11th forms was identified. The peculiarities of television and Internet content, which forms the information space of high-school-age students, are determined. The obtained results showed that the main amount of information that comes to students is entertaining one. The main sources of information about the motor activity for high-school-age students are the Internet, friends and peers. The survey data are interpreted taking into account the gender particularities of students.</p> Andriy Mandyuk Marta Yaroshyk Olha Rymar ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-16 2018-02-16 4 (40) 60 67 Features of the Vegetative Regulation of Demobabilized Battle Participants http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1830 <p>The data of 50 mobilized participants of the antiterrorist operation (ATO) on the territory of eastern Ukraine, who are undergoing treatment and rehabilitation in the Volyn Regional Hospital of War Veterans, are presented. Due to the data obtained: middle age, period of service in the combat zone, causes of hospitalization, features of local dermographism, a «model» of the ATO participant was formed. The results of the pilot study showed that the average age of the military man was 34,88 ± 9,44 years old (the youngest soldier was 21 years old and the oldest of them was 59 years old). Half (50 %) of the defendants were aged 26–35. The period of the military service is 8,5 ± 4,4 months (from 2 to 16 months). 42 % of the respondents are getting inpatient treatment for the first time, while 58 % of them are undergoing treatment and rehabilitation for the second time. The causes of hospitalization in 56 % of cases were wounds in the ATO area, and in 44 % – deterioration of chronic diseases or primary pathological changes. According to local dermographism, it has been established that more than two thirds of hospitalized participants of the ATO due to the vegetative «passport» are sympathologists and only one third – vagotonics. Among the battle participants, 68 % of the sympathologists and 32 % of the vagotonics were injured. 64 % of the sympathlogists and 36 % of the vagotonics were hospitalized with health deterioration.&nbsp; Taking into account the obtained data, a «model» of a mobilized ATO participant is formed – a young male sympathologist, at the age of 35, has done military service for 8,5 months during which was wounded, undergoes second treatment and rehabilitation.</p> Olha Andriychuk Tetyana Masikova Dorota Elżbieta Ortenburger Ruslan Ismailov ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-16 2018-02-16 4 (40) 68 72 The Research of Time Perception of Children with Hearing Impairments http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1835 <p>The article describes the peculiarities of perception of the length of time periods of children of elementary school age with hearing impairments. It is known that in the characteristics of time sensations the most important role is played by kinetic and auditory sensations. Therefore, the study of perception of time as an integral part of cognitive activity of children with hearing impairment is relevant. In studies whose purpose was to study the perception of the time of children with hearing impairment, we were asked to study the data of scientific sources and analyze the results of the pedagogical experiment. The purpose and tasks were realized by methods of analysis and generalization of scientific and methodological literature and pedagogical experiment. In investigational participated 24 children (an experimental group consisted of 12 girls with violation of rumor, control – from 12 girls in that a rumor was in a norm). For the study of perception of time in our research we used methodology of measuring of minute interval lot and executing an ccount to 60 after a second. According to the results of the experiment, it was found that the majority of girls who participated in the study demonstrated a decrease in the length of the individual minute. There was no significant difference between the mean group values of the control and experimental groups in the first and second tests (p&gt; 0,05). The analysis of the results showed an ambiguous picture, which can be related to external and internal factors and features of the subjects.&nbsp;Conclusions. Perception of time is an important characteristic of the mental activity of a child with hearing impairment. It determines the level of orientation of such a child in the world around him and depends on both external factors and the characteristics inherent in the child. It is natural to assume that such an individual characteristic as the perception of time can depend on the nature of the child, the degree and timing of hearing loss, the level of knowledge, the emotional state, and will be the subject of our further research.</p> Liliy Gatsoeva ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-16 2018-02-16 4 (40) 73 77 Qualities of Neurodynamic and Mental Functions of Athletes http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1839 <p>Relevance. The research on the correlation between individual-typological qualities of higher nervous activity, sensomotor reaction, memory and attention functions and the achievements in sports could serve a scientific basis for carrying out theoretical and practical tasks for sports orientation and selection. The purpose of the research is to study the correlation between sports achievements and the qualities of neurodynamic and mental functions of athletes of various qualifications and orientations. The Results of the Work. It was found out that the qualities of the basic nervous processes correlated with the nature of athlete’s sports activity. The highest indices to both functional lability and nervous processes force were observed in the groups of wrestlers and gymnasts, and the lowest indices were in the beginner's group. It was stated that the students with the best skills of the sensomotor reaction of various difficulty, memory and attention functions were those who had masters of sports or masters for sports. The analysis of the indices to the sensomotor reaction in groups of athletes in different sports revealed that the wrestlers were characterized by shorter latent periods of a simple visual-motor reaction while the fighters and representatives of game sports were characterized by complex visual-motor reactions. Due to regular trainings and competitions the athletes of high qualification keep necessary coordination, preserve and improve the level of correlation between different nervous processes that cause the increase in neurodynamic and mental functions. Taking into account the high determination of typological qualities of higher nervous system it is necessary to consider that the high level of the qualities in question of athletes of high qualification may be a result of natural selection that can be typical. Conclusions. Individual-typological qualities (functional mobility and basic nervous processes force) and the qualities of sensomotor reactivity together with individual mental functions constitute the neurophysiologic basis for the effectiveness of sports activity.</p> Mykola Makarenko Serhii Holiaka ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-16 2018-02-16 4 (40) 78 83 Physical Rehabilitation of Adolescents with Minor Structural Cardiac Abnormalities http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1843 <p>Topicality. The article shows the method of physical rehabilitation of adolescents with minor structural cardiac abnormalities. Minor structural cardiac abnormalities&nbsp; is a large group of cardiovascular anomalies, characterized by the presence of a variety of anatomical and morphological deviations from the norm of the heart structures that make up the undifferentiated connective tissue dysplasia. The most common cardiac manifestations of connective tissue dysplasia syndrome are mitral valve prolapse and abnormal chords of the left ventricle of the heart. Diagnosis of this pathology in adolescents has significantly increased with the development of ultrasound examination of the heart, while the technique of physical rehabilitation has not been sufficiently developed to date. The aim of the research is to study the effect of rationally dose-related physical exertion on the severity of the main symptoms of the disease and the physical condition of adolescents with minor structural cardiac abnormalities. Methods of Work. Questionnaire to identify a subjective assessment of the severity of the main symptoms of the disease, the definition of exercise tolerance and the index of the physical state of adolescents according to the methodology of Professor O. Shchepin. Results of Work. Physical rehabilitation was carried out in three stages, general strengthening exercises of aerobic and anaerobic power, exercises on simulators, sports-applied exercises, outdoor games, respiratory gymnastics, special exercises to increase the stability of the vestibular apparatus, orthostatic firmness, the formation of correct posture and flatfoot prevention. The loads were dosed individually, taking into account the results of determining the tolerance to physical activity. Conclusion. As a result of the rehabilitation actions the general conditions of the adolescents were improved, the symptoms of the disease began to disturb them less often and disappear. The index of physical condition increased for boys from an average of 0,52 ± 0,007 to an above average of 0,70 ± 0,001, and for girls from the lower limit of the average 0,51 ± 0,006 to the upper one and was 0,69 ± 0,004.</p> Sergiy Vozniy Yuriy Romaskevych Petro Godlevskiy ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-16 2018-02-16 4 (40) 84 89 Strength Preparedness of Young Sportsmen Predispositioned to Sprinter and Stayer Distances http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1846 <p>The article asserts the necessity to improve the sport training of swimmers, sprinters and stayers. The dynamics of strength preparedness indices of young swimmers belonging to experimental and control groups under the influence of training loads is studied. The influence of the main training aids on the indices of strength preparedness among young athletes aged 12–13 is defined. The divided strength preparedness of sprinters and stayers contributes to the realization of the capabilities of athletes in the competitive process.</p> Vladimir Davydov Anna Mankevich Olga Morozova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-16 2018-02-16 4 (40) 90 93 Technical Training Junior Tennis Players Aged 8–9 as a Constituent Part of Successful Playing Activity http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1848 <p>This article is dedicated to the issue of determining technical aptitude for playing activities in junior tennis players during the beginner stage of their sports training. The research aim is to determine the aptitude of junior tennis players aged 8–9 to proceed to the «green» level as the result of technical aptitude and competitive activities analysis. Work Results. The level of training junior tennis players has been analyzed, which consists of 3 levels (red, orange and green), each of them having their specifics in playing activities. This promotes gradual training junior tennis players for technical and tactical training. The average indices of technical training junior tennis players are determined and the correlation between technical training and competitive activity in junior tennis players are analyzed. The analysis of the correlation between the results of technical training and competitive activity has confirmed that all the criteria of technical training have the positive correlation which indicates the direct proportionality in the determined factors. Conclusions. As a result of our experimental research, based on the analysis of technical training and competitive activity of the junior tennis players, we have determined that the junior tennis players aged between 8 and 9 are ready to proceed to the «green» level of tennis.</p> Inna Horodynska Yuri Grabovskyi Svitlana Stepaniuk Oleg Kuznetsov ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-16 2018-02-16 4 (40) 94 98 Biomechanical Structure Specifics of the Javelin Throwing Technique of elite Athletes http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1850 <p>The relevance of the research. At the current &nbsp;stage of sports science development , the most promising direction for increasing sport results is that focuses on the maximum usage of the qualitative training process characteristics , reserves search of athletes’ technical skill&nbsp; improvement , methods and means of technical training, maximal realization of individual congenital and acquired inclinations of athletes. Statement of the Problem. The highest quality in the tmotor actions &nbsp;technique improvement is achieved through the usage of biomechanical analysis&nbsp; which is &nbsp;based on the studying &nbsp;of &nbsp;biomechanical structures &nbsp;using &nbsp;modern electrooptical &nbsp;systems of registration and analysis of &nbsp;movements with the subsequent development of model indicators. The Purpose and Methods of Research. The aim of this work is to analyze the peculiarities of the biomechanical structure of the javelin throwing technique by elite athletes. Research methods : analysis of scientific and methodical literature, video, biomechanical analysis and &nbsp;methods of mathematical statistics. Results and Key Conclusions. The analysis of the javelin throwing technique of highly qualified athletes is carried out. In the experiment four javelineers participated – masters of sport of the international class. With the help of video shooting and biomechanical analysis quantitative characteristics of the biomechanical structure of the throwing javelins technique of highly qualified athletes are obtained. The indexes that influence the javelin flight range in the phases of the previous run, final run and final effort are studied. The temporal, spatial and spatial-temporal characteristics of the technique of motor activity is analyzed. The obtained data is planned to be used for constructing models of the biomechanical structure of the javelin throwing technique. The indicators of the biomechanical structure of the javelin throwing technique discovered by highly qualified athletes can be used as sample models for athletes of lower qualification. Prospects for further research are the study of the biomechanical structure of the equipment of qualified athletes and the discriminatory features revealed in the technique of athletes of different qualifications, with the aim of further improving the javelin throwing technique of the qualified athletes.</p> Olexander Klimashevsky ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-16 2018-02-16 4 (40) 99 103 Influence of Strength-Building Activities on Competitive Results of Athletes in Workout http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1852 <p>Relevance of the investigation is caused by regularities of the origin and development of Workout as one of the directions of strength gymnastics, to achieve results in which the level of the development of strength qualities plays an important role. Analysis of the up-to-date studies on Workout development points out the need to draw attention to peculiarities in the organization and methods of providing training sessions. The necessary physical preparation and high sports results can be achieved by taking in consideration all factors and the rational structure of training process. The purpose of investigation – to work out a method of strength training in Workout and to check it up in competition activities. Results of investigation. A modern trend of strength-building acrobatics «Street workout» appeared as the variety of bodybuilding and is based on gymnastic exercises. Workout – English-American term is translated as «training» and composed of the complex of physical exercises directed to the improvement of strength, strength endurance and body shape. Therefore, exercises in speed-and-strength moves and methods of static and isometric exercises are used in special training. The trainings that are provided in different regimens and give significant results are considered as special methods of the development of strength, in which the variety of the regulations of tension in different regimens of their work, namely, isometric, concentric, eccentric, is of great importance. The article claims that the most effective ways and methods of strength development in Workout are varieties of exercises «Finger-tip push-up» (press-ups), method of isometric and static tensions, Tabat’s protocol. The analysis of our&nbsp; experimental findings has proven that the developed methods of strength training of athletes-workouters provide the most significant increase in the results of control exercises «Horizontal backward hang», «Muscle–up on horizontal bar», «Push-ups from the floor» and «Arm balance».&nbsp; In the process of the investigation, a direct correlation between strength preparedness and the results of competitions in the exercise «Chest Dips with additional weight»; between strength preparedness and the final results of competitions in Workout was established. The obtained data are confirmed by the results of sportsmen’s participation in regional competitions in Street Workout. &nbsp;</p> Iryna Malyarenko Yuriy Romaskevych Olha Koltsova Kateryna Yuskiv ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-16 2018-02-16 4 (40) 104 110 Methodical Conditions for Increasing the Indicators of Technique on the Basis of Special Physical Training of Young Squash Players http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1856 <p>Current physical and technical preparation of young squash players and their coordination were evaluated during formative experiment. Experimental study was carried out from September 2016 to May 2017. Twelve squash players of 9–11 years old (4 young squash players of 9 years old, 10 years old and 11 years old, respectively) participated in the studies, which were conducted on the basis of Fitness club «Sport-Life» in Kherson. All squash players belonged to the main medical group. For the purpose of qualitative organization of experimental research, we chose a method of analysis and synthesis of scientific and methodological data, special and informative sources, methods of monitoring the organization of training process, methods of pedagogical testing, and methods of mathematical statistics (calculated methods of average and false values, percent values, and method of correlation analysis). Results of the previous research on preparation of young athletes, conducted by us at the beginning of preparatory period, allowed indicating characteristic indices for the majority of young athletes that were below middle level. The number of athletes with the middle level of physical and technical preparation increased considerably after the formative experiment. Due to the obtained data it was possible to state high efficiency in elaborated by us program for training session at the stage of initial preparation of young squash players. The analysis made does not cover all aspects of solving the problem in question. Further study presupposes the investigation of the influence of squash training on various indicators of the physical condition of squash players, the analysis of the indicators of training and competitive activity of squash players, in the context of revealing their leading and indifferent physical qualities.</p> Artemii Perun Rehina Andrieieva Viktoria Koval Oksana Shvets ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-17 2018-02-17 4 (40) 111 117 The Role of Psychological Qualities in the Process of the Formation of Sports Skill of Young Basketball Players http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1858 <p>Purpose: to determine the level of the development of indices of the influence of the important psychological qualities and the personality characteristics that defines the effectiveness of the competitive activity of young basketball players in the process of sports skill. Material: the study involved basketball players of the first category and beginners athletes of the 2nd and 3rd categories. Research methods: analysis of scientific and methodological literature, interview of leading trainers, pedagogical observations, pedagogical experiment, pedagogical testing, psychological testing, methods of mathematical statistics. Results: Significant psychological qualities and personality characteristics are established which contribute to increasing the level of competitive activity. Conclusions: the conducted research contributed to increasing the importance in the optimal level of development and manifestation of psychological qualities and personality traits in enhancing athletic skill. As a result of the research important psychological qualities and personality traits are established that contribute to the increase in the level of competitive activity.</p> Anatoly Rovniy Vladlena Pasko ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-17 2018-02-17 4 (40) 118 121 The Most Important Motor Coordination Skills in the Goalkeepers’ Training http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1860 <p>The conducted studies were aimed at identifying the most important coordination motor skills (CMS) among junior footballers playing as the goalkeepers as well as defining the impact of physical activity on young players’ CMS. In this study there were used seven tests, which were able to asses in comprehensive and objective way seven most important CMS of football players. The studies were conducted with the participation of 26 goalkeepers form the Polish leagues of the first, second and third league, who played in junior teams in the 2015/2016 season. Statistica 10.1 PL program was used in statistical calculations as well as discriminative function analysis and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The dominant CMS in young footballers playing as goalkeepers were: spatial orientation, coupled motion, adaptation and displacement of movement actions as well as, to a lesser extent, kinesthetic differentiation of movements. The highest level of CMS the goalkeepers achieved in the main part of training in the situation of the highest training load. It should be continued to monitor the level of CMS of goalkeepers, taking into account the type of exercise that focuses on developing particular motor skills.</p> Andrzej Soroka ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-17 2018-02-17 4 (40) 122 127 Intellectual Abilities of High-End Handball Players of Different Playing Roles http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1862 <p>The article presents the results of the study of the intellectual abilities of high-end handball players of various gaming roles. It was revealed that the playing players of the Dniproanka team (Kherson) had a high level of intellectual potential (113,3 points), goalkeepers – a level lower (80,3 points). The level of intellectual potential of players in other game roles did not differ significantly and was on average 107 points. By the same method, the goalkeepers of Lviv's Galichanka (98,5 points) scored less points, linear players showed a score of 110,5 points. The intellectual potential of the welterweight, angular and playing players was high and averaged 120,2 points. It is established that the angular players of handball team «Dniproanka» had the highest IQ (according to Eysenck's method) among players of other gaming roles, which was 108,4 points. In the team «Galichanka» the best ratio among the playing players (114 points), in contrast to them at the goalkeepers, he was 103,5 points. Players of other game roles on average scored 107,5 points. The higher level of intellectual abilities of playing players in both teams can be explained by the peculiarities of the playing role, which are the «conductors» of the game.</p> Evheny Strialenko Ihor Zhosan Oleh Shalar ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-17 2018-02-17 4 (40) 128 133 Using Informational Technologies in the Training Process of Qualified Athletes http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1864 <p>From year to year, the level of athlete's outcomes in different kinds of sports increases to an extremely high level. Taking into account this fact and the rapid development of information technologies in the world, there is an urgent problem of the review of modern computer programs and monitoring systems that can be used in sports, in particular in athletics. The purpose of our work was to analyze modern computer programs and monitoring systems that can be used in the training process of qualified athletes. The task of the work was to determine the peculiarities of the application of information and computer technologies in track and field athletics. The analysis of modern computer programs and monitoring systems in the field of physical culture and sports was carried out, their brief characteristics (Polar – «ProTrainer 5», Dartfish – «Dartfish Connect 5,5», Qualistys video computing complex, Fusion Smartspeed software package, Opto electronic system Opto-Gate (Jump), IMOOV three-dimensional evaluation system, SportKat 650TS simulator of stability and equilibrium, Quintic Biomechanics, Simi – Simi Matchix, Activio Sport monitoring system, Monokra 840E Monoker 840E, Myotest system). As a result of the task accomplished, modern computer technologies have been identified that provide real-time data on the functional state and the level of physical development of athletes, as well as the prevention of injuries and the preservation of health. The presented analysis of computer programs is used to obtain indicators of the level of development of physical qualities and the main characteristics of the technique of performing exercises through the use of a 3D optical-optical image. It has been established that modern research of sports equipment indicators is carried out using video-computer programs that analyze the athlete's movements. Individual computer programs use their capabilities to rehabilitate athletes.</p> Yaroslav Svyshch Olha Pavlos Ruslan Pavlos Alla Hohla Tetyana Dukh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-17 2018-02-17 4 (40) 134 138 The Main Trends in the Development of Sports Choreography and the Areas of its Improvement in Technical-Aesthetic Sports http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1866 <p>The objective of the study – to determine relevant areas of choreographic training in sport. Research methods<strong> –</strong> desk review and synthesis of scientific information, literature study, induction and deduction and a systematic approach. Research resultsan applied problem was identified, that is related to the existence of choreography training,considered to be a relatively distinct training aspect in the system of the long-standing athletes’ improvement and the absence of its justification in science and methodologies. Findings. The methods of choreography training’s improvement are determined: creation of adequate approaches which provide the desirable variability of certain aspects of the training processdepending on the athlete’s state of condition, activities area andthe stage of the training macrocycle; an examination of the regulations; specific nature, development of a kind of sport and rules of the competition are taken into account; improvement of the expressiveness.</p> Valentyna Todorova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-17 2018-02-17 4 (40) 139 144 Інформація про ІІ Міжнародну науково-практичну конференцію «Фізична активність і якість життя людини» http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1891 <p>Інформація про ІІ Міжнародну науково-практичну конференцію «Фізична активність і якість життя людини»</p> Cвітлана Індика ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-20 2018-02-20 4 (40) 145 147 Інформація для авторів http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1889 <p>Інформація для авторів</p> Cвітлана Індика ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-20 2018-02-20 4 (40) 148 151