Physical education, sports and health culture in modern society http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport <p>ISSN 2410-2156 (Online), ISSN 2220-7481 (Print)</p> <p><strong>State registration certificate</strong> КВ № 19773-9573 ПР of 15.03.2013.</p> <p>“Physical education, sport and health culture in modern society” is a specialized edition in Ukraine where the results of dissertations for obtaining&nbsp; scientific degrees of Doctor and Candidate of Science in the field of <strong>“Pedagogical Sciences”</strong> (supplement 10 to the decree of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of 12.05.2015 № 528) and <strong>“Physical Education and Sport”</strong> (supplement 17 to the decree of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of 13.07.2015 №&nbsp;747) can be published.</p> <p><strong>Year of establishment</strong>&nbsp;: 1999</p> <p><strong>I</strong><strong>nstituto</strong><strong>r: </strong><a href="http://eenu.edu.ua/en" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University</a></p> <p><strong>Areas and issues:</strong> is an international periodical that covers a wide range of issues in the domains of mass sport, physical rehabilitation and sports of higher achievements. The journal includes the articles that give the history of physical education development in Ukraine and all over the world; philosophical, legal and organizational problems in physical culture; peculiarities of physical education of different groups of population; problems of professional training of physical education teachers; pedagogic technologies of physical exercises; means of working capacity renewal; peculiarities of athletes training and adapting human organism to physical activity.</p> <p><strong>Periodicity: </strong>quarterly.</p> <p><strong>Language editions</strong>: Ukrainian, Russian, English.</p> <p><strong>The journal was introduced on&nbsp;1 January 2016</strong> <strong>an electronic version in English.</strong></p> <p><strong>The journal is displayed in </strong><strong>scientometric bases:</strong> <strong>&nbsp;</strong><a title="Index Copernicus International" href="http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/++++++++,p2492,3.html"><strong>Index&nbsp;Copernicus&nbsp;International</strong></a><strong>&nbsp;</strong>(Impact Factor ICV 2014 – 46,23; 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(066)4830600</p> <p><strong>E-mail:</strong>&nbsp;sport@eenu.edu.ua</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University en-US Physical education, sports and health culture in modern society 2220-7481 System of Physical Education in Schools of the Czech Republic at the Present Stage http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1974 <p>The Czech Republic has a long tradition in cresting a national system of physical education and sport. As well as the original system&nbsp; of Sokol gymnastics, which in second half of the nineteenth century gained wide popularity not only in European countries, which were located in the geographical location near the Czech Republic, as well as in Russia, France, UK, USA and other countries of the world. <strong><em>Objectives of</em> <em>the Study.</em></strong> Determine the modern system of physical education of schoolchildren in the Czech Republic. <strong><em>Research Results.</em></strong>The system of physical education Czech schools consists of two complementary units: the educational process of physical education, which involves three lessons per week and extracurricular sports and mass work, which is conducted optionally for all students. Physical education programs include: basic gymnastics; sport games; dance exercises; swimming, skating (in winter), a dispute if the school has conditions for conducting these classes. The Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports issues basic physical education programs for students of all types of schools. <strong><em>Conclusions.</em></strong> In Czech schools, starting from the 90s of the twentieth century, innovative concepts are widely implemented: «School of Health» and «Sport for All». They are aimed at active struggle against negative phenomena in society: alcoholism, drug addiction, tobacco smoke, as well as work on the establishment of preventive measure against civilian diseases that have become a pandemic in last 30 years in Europe and other continents of the Word.The state program «Sport for All» provides for the widespread use of sports not only among schoolchildren, their parents, youth and other age groups of the Czech population, mass creation in active recreation of the whole society, as well as selection and preparation of reserve for the national team of sport teams of the country. The modern system of physical education of pupils in the Czech Republic is aimed at strengthening the health, improving physical development and motor education of children and young people by increasing the hours for physical education and sport activities in extra time, organizing regular sporting activities and sports complementation with the help of sports clubs, the creation of sports classes in schools for capable students, which the future is a reserve of qualified athletes in various sports disciplines.</p> Eduard Vilchkovski Volodymyr Pasichnyk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-26 2018-07-26 2(42) 5 12 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-02-05-12 Influence of Information and Communication Technologies on Physical and Mental Human Health http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1975 <p>In modern conditions, the interrelation between human health and information technologies, violations of the somatic and mental health of the population, stipulated by information and psychoemotional loads, continue to remain actual issues. The goal is to define the peculiarities of&nbsp; using information technologies in everyday life and to study their influence on the physical and mental health of a person. On December 31, 2017, 4,15 billion people in the world are connected to the Internet. In Ukraine, 52,5 % of people are Internet users. This is 3,5 % of the total number of users in Europe. 96 % of children use the Internet and it has become a natural part of their life. The computer is not only entertainment, but also a means of communication, self-expression and personal development. The Internet attracts modern children and young people in a variety of communication, the alleviation of information hunger, the search for new forms of self-expression, anonymity and virtual freedom, a sense of community and belonging to the group. Children learn new digital technologies and learn to navigate freely in the information space. Children can not really evaluate the level of reliability and security of information contained in the Internet space. Over the past six months, the world has increased the Internet coverage by 7 %. According to statistics, more than a third of users in Ukraine are under the age of 29 years. More than 60 % of children and teenagers communicate daily in the Internet chats. Preference for the virtual world of reality has a negative impact on the psyche and health of a child and can worsen not only the vision, posture and sleep, but also cause anxiety, irritability, social maladjustment and dependent behavior. There is a rise in the high level of anxiety, rigidity and extravagance for Internet users. Only 24 % of adults check which sites their child visits. 11 % of parents are aware of such online threats as ‘adult’ content, gambling, online violence, cybercrime. 79 % of children are confident that they are sufficiently aware of the risks in the Internet network. There are five main types of the Internet addiction: computer addiction, compulsive navigation in the network, information congestion, cyber sexual addiction and cyber communicative addiction. In Ukraine, the cyber communicative addiction is common. So, according to the research, the first place in attendance is occupied by social networks – 27 % (in general among young people), girls have a higher indicator (29,8 %) than boys (23,9 %).</p> Oksana Shynkaruk Eugeniy Imas Lolita Denysova Viktor Kostykevich ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-26 2018-07-26 2(42) 13 24 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-02-13-24 The Contents of the Fitness Program of the Force Orientation Depending on the Individual Features of the Students Body Structure http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1976 <p><strong><em>The Relevance of the Research.</em></strong> Despite the myriad of innovations in the system of physical education in higher education, in practice the existing physical education programs are somewhat outdated and full of sports, which are poorly popular among students, oriented towards professional or military-applied and physical training, delivery of control standards that require a certain level of physical training, rather than focusing on the correction of the physical condition of youth and the identification and elimination of the disadvantages of the existing system of physical education, taking into account the interest and motivating students. Interesting is the fact that the number of hours for this training is not provided for by the program, and most of the higher educational institutions in our country deviate from the classical system of physical education. Therefore, in our opinion, it is expedient to use sports, taking into account, in the first place, the interest and motivation of youth, which will provide a high level of moral satisfaction from occupations.</p> <p>&nbsp;An effective mean of attracting students to systematic motor activity is the implementation of new, non-traditional physical exercises. Fitness is a great potential for physically improving of the students. <strong><em>The aim of the Research</em></strong> is to develop the content of the fitness programs of the force orientation depending on the individual features of the students body structure. <strong><em>The Results of the Work.</em></strong> It is established that the basis of fitness is the fitness program, which is characterized by a set of specially selected physical exercises aimed at a comprehensive or selective effects on body systems or parts of the body, depending on the morphological and functional individual abilities. The program should be clearly defined type (or direction) of motor activity or a combination of exercises, intensity of exercises, exercises duration, rest peculiarities, the number of classes a week, the rate of increase in load during the week or the month. Implementation of the power exercises provided for the use of different movements, not only with encumbrances, but also on special simulators and the own weight<em>. <strong>Conclusions.</strong> </em>For the students with an asthenic body structure the exercises power orientation to increase body weigh, circumference of the body, improvement of the indicators of muscle tone were recommended. Students of the giperstenic structure of the body performed exercises for reducing body mass, the circles of body parts and the fat component. Physical loads of the normostenic body type representatives directed at improving muscle tone, decreased growth rates of the body weight and reducing of the circumference of the pelvis.</p> Liudmyla Vashchuk Vasyl Pantik ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-26 2018-07-26 2(42) 25 32 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-02-25-32 Integration of Music and Outdoor Games in Children Aged 3–7 Years http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1977 <p>The combination of music with human activity has a thousand-year history. For example, in ancient Greece, dance was considered the best factor in the formation of a harmonious body structure and the improvement of movements of children and yang people. However, the role of music in learning movements was assessed only subsequent historical periods. In contemporary literature on the theory and methodology of physical education, the use of music during mobile games with children of preschool and the relationships of musical art with physical culture is not disclosed enough. <strong><em>Objectives of the Study</em>. </strong>Analyse the effectiveness of integrating the use of music in the process of running games witch children pf preschool. <strong><em>Results of Work.</em></strong> Properly selected mobile games actives influence the development of the body of preschoolers. The diverse movements and playful actions of children’s during the game, with skillful guidance, positively affect the cardiovascular, respiratory and other systems of the body, stimulate appetite and promote a strong baby’s sleep. Moving games satisfy the need of the growing body of the child in motion? Contribute to the enrichment of its motor experience. With the help of games in preschoolers. Various skills and abilities of the main movements (walking, running, jumping, equilibrium, etc.) are fixed and improved. A quick change of circumstances during the game teaches the child to use their movements in accordance with one or another situation. All of this positively the improvements of motor skills. Pedagogical experience and special scientific researches show that mobile games have a significant influence on the education of moral-volitional qualities in preschoolers. Their actions are subject to the rules of the game. The rules regulate behavior, promote the education of conscious discipline, teach to the responsible for specific actions, develop a sense of sociability. In collective games the child develops the notion of norms of civic behavior, organizational skills are developed, the desire for victory, strong, will, stability and endurance are raised. <strong><em>Conclusions.</em></strong> Moving games for music will be useful to children only when the development of the plot the game, its character and movements of the participants correspond to the content and nature of music and nature of music and the means of expression.</p> Anastasiaya Vilchkovska ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-26 2018-07-26 2(42) 33 37 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-02-33-37 Author's Program of Physical Training of Cadets of Military Academy in the Period of Primary Training Using the Means of CrossFit http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1978 <p>In the paper are considered the actual problems of improving of physical fitness of cadets of Military academy in the period of initial training. The authors explore the possibilities of increasing the efficiency of the training process by using the system of non-specialized high-intensity&nbsp;training of the CrossFit. Performed analysis of modern scientific and literary sources suggests that the training system of the CrossFit positively influences the level of physical fitness of the cadets. The purpose of the article is to develop a program of improving the physical fitness of cadets of Military academy in the period of initial training with the use of means of CrossFit. The structure of the experimental author's program contains purpose, tasks of program, means, stages and their tasks, forms of training. The methodological approach to the development of the program of physical training of cadets is proposed, which combines generally accepted means of development of physical qualities (70 % of the total time of the class) and means of CrossFit (30 % of the total time of the class). It is established that the system of physical training of cadets which has developed in the state is ineffective. The system doesn't provide readiness for action and practical readiness of cadets to professional activity and further service and demands constant improvement. The obtained data can be used in the development of typical programs of fitness training of cadets, in the teaching of the theory and methodology of physical education for cadets of specialized higher education institutions.</p> Ivan Pylypchak Orest Loiko ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-26 2018-07-26 2(42) 38 42 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-02-38-42 Analysis of the Target Component of Sporting and Mass Participation Events in Higher Military Educational Establishment of the Armed Forces of Ukraine http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1979 <p>Physical fitness of servicepeople is the basis of their combat readiness. Therefore, a lot of attention is paid to its providing from the first years of service of them. However, practice shows that as a result of a decrease in interest in physical culture and sports in modern society, people without prior sports experience and with a level of physical readiness which does not meet the requirements of combat training, and especially the military activities of military specialists, enter military educational institutions. Those psychological and training methods adopted in the Armed forces nowadays may only&nbsp; improve the readiness of future officers to the minimum necessary level, but they are not enough to form a conscious attitude to physical training in servicepeople, they fail in creating a stable motivation to maintain physical fitness at the required level throughout the entire service.</p> <p>Physical improvement of cadets is carried out in several organizational forms. Every of theese has different potential in terms of upbringing the physical culture of future officers. On the point of certain features of organization and carrying out physical training lessons the highest possibilities owns sports mass work. That is why we decided to examine the state of sports mass work in the military educational institutions of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. To find out its’ pedagogical potential efficiency in training cadets personal physical culture – the foundation for their long term physical activity, in particular, formation of a military professional as a whole.</p> <p>We have found that, a lack of a specifity in guidance documents on the training of military personnel and absence of a single well-defined accurate target set of sports work in military schools has led to demotivation and making emphasize only on points, estimates and taken places and, most importantly, loss of connection with the educational process.</p> <p>The main conclusion of our study is that in the present form of sports-mass work in military educational institutions is not able to cultivate the personality of a cadet, to form his personal physical culture and valuable attitude to physical training.</p> Yevhen Anokhin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-26 2018-07-26 2(42) 43 50 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-02-43-50 Characteristics of Types of Street Gymnastics as Means of Youth Physical Activity http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1981 <p><strong><em>Relevance.</em></strong> Nowadays in the youth environment street gymnastics are very popular. However, on the background of a wide practical popularity, the history of their development, experience and substantiation of the organization of their studies are not sufficiently scientifically studied. <strong><em>The aim of the study is</em></strong> – to study the features of modern types of street gymnastics content as innovative means of motor activity of youth and to identify aspects of improving their organization. Methods of the research: comparative analysis, generalization of literary and Internet sources, interview, accounting. <strong><em>Result sof the Study.</em> </strong>It is figured out that in nowadays youth environment the following types of street gymnastics as workout, parkour, freerun, acrostreet are the most popular. The title «street» is based on the fact that this gymnastics is implemented on the «open» air.Workout considered as a mix of gymnastics and weight training on a horizontal bar, parallel bars, horizontal ladders and other «street» design.For today in the «horizontal bar gymnastics» are distinguish the following styles: street workout, ghetto workout, yard gymnastics, gymbar, freestyle bar. Another direction of street gymnastics («acrobatic») include parkour, freerun, acrostreet. They are characterized as varieties of fast overcoming obstacles in the «street area» with the help of your body (running, jumping, acrobatic elements, tricks, etc.). The similarity to them has tricking – the synthesis of acrobatic, stunt tricks and elements of classical martial arts. It has been found that street gymnastics are highly traumatic and conducted, as a rule, within the framework of self-examination of young people. Therefore, there is need for broad educational activities on this issue among the participants of street motor cultures and experts in the field of physical culture and sports. <strong><em>Conclusions</em>.</strong> The most popular types of street gymnastics areworkout, parkour, freerun, acrostreet, tricking. They are rated as extreme motor activity with a high level of traumatism. Actual questions of further scientific researches are development of ways of prevention of injuries of street trainings.</p> Tetiana Hnitetska Lidiia Zavatska Oleksandra Holub ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-26 2018-07-26 2(42) 51 58 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-02-51-58 On the question of the feasibility of introducing the variable module "fitness" in the process of physical education of children with hearing impairments http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1982 <p><strong><em>Novelty.</em></strong> Adapted Physical Education is a new branch in science and educative field. It needs a content development and improvement by finding new forms and methods of work with special needs children. Analysis of science and teaching literature &amp; Internet sources, studying of work of special schools for children with hearing disorders shows that content of physical training programs for such children is undeveloped. <strong><em>Purpose of investigation</em></strong> – to study the possibility of implementation of fitnesses in physical training of children with hearing disorders. The next methods of investigation were used: analysis of science and methodical literature and Internet sources, synthesis, filing, specification. <strong><em>Results of Investigation.</em></strong> Disorders of acoustic analyzer reflect on vestibular and kinetic functions ad provide delay of vertical position formation, muscular distonia, instability, arrested development of space orientation, difficulties in motor differentiation and performance of precise movements. Due to this fact the implementation of special pedagogical system in school for children with indicate disorders. Such system coud ensure correponding level of physical education. <strong><em>Conclusions.</em></strong> The presence of contradictions between psychological, social and physical demandsand possibilities of children with heaing disabilities helps us to define the scientific support of efective ways of coraction thiermotor disorders by methods of adapted physical education such as variable modul «Fitness» and its types «Step-aerobics», «Fitball-gym», «Pilates» and «Stabilisation». The special equipment used for this: pulley weights trainer «Butterfly» pulley weights «Mini Bands», strech bands, pilates hoops, step-platforms, fitballs, balance platforms.</p> Roman Ivanitsky Alla Alеshіna Alexander Bychuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-26 2018-07-26 2(42) 59 63 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-02-59-63 Dynamics of Methodological Preparation of Cadets in the Optimization of Physical Training http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1983 <p><strong><em>Actuality.</em></strong> A large number of specialists take part in the process of physical training of servicemen, but the leading place in this belongs to the unit commanders. Preparedness of unit commanders for the duties of the leaders of physical training forms begins at the higher military education institutions (HMEI) in the process of physical training. Methodological skills-formation among graduates of the HMEI is a direct contribution to the methodological provision of physical training in troops, a prerequisite for the excellent physical training, which is a component of combat training. In scientific works by O. M. Loyik (2000, 2012), O. M. Olkhovyi (2005–2014), Ye. D. Anokhin (2010), S. V. Romanchuk (2015) and others, it is noted that the process of physical fitness level of cadets in HMEI is reduced to the formation of physical features. <strong><em>The purpose of the study</em> </strong>– to experimentally verify the effectiveness of the author’s program of the methodological component of the discipline «Physical Education and Special Physical Training» for the cadets of HMEI for the methodological skills-formation among future unit commanders. <strong><em>Methodology of the study</em> </strong>– organized a four-year pedagogical experiment. Sixty cadets participated in it (experimental group, n=30; control group, n=30). The effectiveness of the experimental concept was determined using changes in the indicators of methodological and theoretical training of cadets. <strong><em>The Results of the Study</em>. </strong>The results of the pedagogical experiment, which prove the effectiveness of the author’s program of methodological preparation, were considered. It was determined that during the study at HMEI the results of the dynamics of the average level of methodological preparedness of control group cadets improved by 0,3 points (from 3,7 to 4,0 points), while no significant changes occurred (t=1,28; р&gt;0,05). It was proved that at the end of the experiment, the level of methodological preparation among graduate cadets of the experimental group is 1,0 point, in comparison with the initial level (from 3,6 to 4,6 points), that is statistically significant (t=4,38; р&lt;0,001). <strong><em>Conclusions.</em> </strong>The program of improving the methodological preparation in the process of physical training in HMEI is recommended to be used during the training of cadets of HMEI.</p> Andriy Petruk Serhiy Romanchuk Orest Lesko Andriy Demkiv Serhiy Homaniuk Oleksandr Vorontsov ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-26 2018-07-26 2(42) 64 70 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-02-64-70 Analysis of Physical Preparedness of Students Based on the Results of Tests and Standards of Annual Evaluation http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1984 <p>The article deals with the problem of physical preparedness of student youth of higher educational institutions of different levels of accreditation. Among the students&nbsp;</p> <p>of Ivan Franko National University of Lviv (n = 4636) and the Medical College at Danylo Halytskyi LNMU (n = 327) there were conducted tests and norms of the annual assessment of physical preparedness, which correspond to their age rating. The level of physical preparedness of the students of these universities according to gender, age and training courses is analyzed. The research made it possible to find out that first-year students of Ivan Franko National University of Lviv have a lower level of physical preparedness compared to senior students. Physical preparedness equals 34,47 % (male students) and 42,55 % (female students), which is considered to be at a low level.</p> <p>It was established that sedentary lifestyle of students at university and medical college, which is observed in young students and often limited only to physical education classes at the university (2 hours per week),which is well below the needs of the young body and has a negative impact in terms of physical preparedness. The obtained results of students’ PP should become an important factor in increasing the motivation of students to systematical training in physical culture and sports, as well as optimization of physical education at higher educational establishments.Among the students of the Medical College at Danylo Halytskyi LNMU, a decrease was observed in the number of students with a sufficient level of PP at 27 % and an increase of 30 % with an average level from І to IV course. Reduced qualitative assessment in test exercises for flexibility and running for short distances was observed. The low results were shown by female students of all courses of study in the following exercises: the jump in length from the place and the bending of the extension of the hands in the emphasis.</p> <p>It was established that sedentary lifestyle of students at university and medical college, which is observed in young students and often limited only to physical education classes at the university (2 hours per week),which is well below the needs of the young body and has a negative impact in terms of physical preparedness. The obtained results of students’ PP should become an important factor in increasing the motivation of students to systematical training in physical culture and sports, as well as optimization of physical education at higher educational establishments.</p> Romana Sirenko Yuriy Yaremchuk Nataliіa Semenova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-26 2018-07-26 2(42) 71 77 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-02-71-77 Influence of Coordination Exercises on Elementary Schoolchildren with Mental Retardation. Novelty http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1985 <p><strong><em>Novelty.</em></strong> The investigators have established that children with mental retardation consist of one fifth from all elementary schoolchildren. It’s proved the novelty of problem and necessity to find of effective ways for its solution. <strong><em>Purpose of &nbsp;</em></strong><strong><em>research </em></strong>– to show the effectiveness of influence of coordination exercises on coordination skills, psychiatric processes and qualities of elementary schoolchildren with mental retardation. <strong><em>Methods of Research.</em></strong> It was used theoretical, empirical, statistical methods of investigation. The research was carried out during 2012–2016 years and divided into four stages: analytico-ascertaining, searching, formating and synthesis. Research was done in Lutsk educational and rehabilitation centre. <strong><em>Results of Research.</em></strong> It was made methods for teaching of elementary schoolchildren with mental retardation to coordination exercises. Methods consists of two blocks – psychological and physical. Psychological block contains such processes and properties: visual and listening memory, figurological and visually active mentation.&nbsp; Physical block consists of such coordination skills: possibility to estimate and regulate dynamic and temporal parameters of movement, space orientation, static and dynamic stability. Means which are used for these methods are divided into common and special. The peculiarity of special means was execution conditions which influence on development of coordination skills, psychological processes and properties effectiveness. <strong><em>Conclusions.</em></strong> It was proved the effectiveness of experimental methods. Statistical significance changes of self-exiting operative visual and hearing memory, fugurological and visually active mentation were stated. It was improved the capacity to estimation and regulation of spacotemporal and dynamic parameters of movements, static and dynamic stability.&nbsp;</p> Oleg Tuchak ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-26 2018-07-26 2(42) 78 85 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-02-78-85 Evaluating of Physical Preparedness Among Young Students Aged 18–20 http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1986 <p><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>First results of testing attested that by individual tests considerable amount of students (more than 50 % of under studies) cannot carry out minimal standards. Such incompetence may appear because of using inadequate methods of development of evaluation criteria. <strong><em>The Goal of the Research </em></strong>consisted in development of the standards of physical readiness’ evaluation among young students aged 18–20. <strong><em>Methods of the &nbsp;</em></strong><strong><em>Research. </em></strong>The indices of students’ physical readiness were determined by the method of pedagogic testing. We carried out an analysis of the accordance of valid standards with the current state of young students’ physical readiness. Using the “three-sigmarule” were developedes timated standards of physical preparedness. On the basis of the data, which were determined by the research of the large quantity of a similar quota, we suggest evaluating the result which agrees with the arithmetic mean of the excerpt () as the mark «3». The marks «4» and «2» are the result which agrees with the values +1σ і -1σ. The marks «5» and «1» are the result which agrees with the value +2σ і -2σ. <strong><em>Results of the Research</em></strong><strong><em>. </em></strong>Were developed standards of the evaluation of physical readiness which correspond to the level of physical preparedness of modern youth. <strong><em>Conclusions.</em></strong> On the basis of the testing’s results of the level of students ‘physical readiness (year 2017) we have ascertained that more than a half of the results by particular standards doesn’t exceed the minimal mark. It indicates that the present methodology for the evaluation of the 18-20 aged youth’ physical readiness doesn’t allow evaluating the physical qualities impartially. The suggested methodology of the standards’ working out is based on the «three-sigma rule». The standards for the evaluation of physical readiness worked out by the author’s methodology ensure the opportunity for around 95 % of the students to accomplish the tests within the limits of the evaluative scale.</p> Yuriy Furman Vyacheslav Miroshnichenko Oleksandra Brezdeniuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-26 2018-07-26 2(42) 86 90 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-02-86-90 The Place of Sports and Recreation Tourism in Physical Activity of Students of Higher Education Institutions http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1987 <p><strong><em>Topicality.</em> </strong>The authors have considered the issue of use of sports and recreation tourism as means of increasing the physical activity of students. <em>Purpose and methods of Research.</em> The purpose of the study was to search for reserves of physical activity in the forms of sports and health tourism. The following research methods were used: analysis of scientific and methodological literature, questioning and generalization, theoretical forecasting. <strong><em>Results of the Research.</em></strong> We researched the works of modern researchers and scientists related to the study &nbsp;of sports and health tourism. The analysis of scientific and methodological literature has made it possible to find out that sports and health tourism is an effective means for physical development, the formation of functional reserves of the human body; it is accessible to people with different physical training and allows to improve many indicators of human health. We found out that sports and health tourism is indispensable in promoting healthy lifestyles. We revealed the forms of tourist activity that are popular with students: one-day trips and walks, easy hikes with overnight stay, excursions. Accordingly, we have proposed series of sports and health tourism events that may be introduced in extra-curricular work with students and thus partially solve the problem of lack of physical activity<em>. <strong>Сonclusions.</strong></em> Because of the questioning of students of the Pedagogical Faculty of the Rivne State Humanitarian University the authors revealed the primary interest and, accordingly, motivation for realization of one-day tourist trips to interesting local lore objects or for educational purposes. The obtained data testify in favor of the rather common and accessible form of tourist activity in the form of one-day campaigns that are used in the practice of educational institutions for decades and has not lost its relevance for modern students.</p> Liudmyla Chalii Vadym Kindrat ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-26 2018-07-26 2(42) 91 95 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-02-91-95 The Level of Power Skills and Cognitive & Valuable Orientation of Senior School Age Girls http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1988 <p><strong><em>Novelty. </em></strong>The development of power skills has a peculiar significance for save and improvement of girl’s health. Power loading positive influence&nbsp; on the health state, work capacity, speed endurance, agility. So research of power development at senior school girls is an important condition for designing&nbsp; of optimum parameters their motor activity. <strong><em>Research Task.</em></strong> To define the level of power development at senior age girls and factors that motivate to execute the power loads. <strong><em>Methods and Materials of Reasearch.</em></strong> Include theoratical analysis of science and methodiacal literature, pedgogic supervision, questining, statistic methods. 269 girls of senior school age participated in research, among them 135 girls from 10<sup>th</sup> class and 134- from 11<sup>th</sup> class. <strong><em>Result of Research.</em></strong> In the paper the peculiarities of strength training of senior school age girls are clarified. It was shown the explosive strength of standing long jump is 162,3±21,01 sm; upward jump – 26, 92±7,33 sm; medical ball thouing from sitting position – 417,2±22,3. The investigation of strength endurance verity that indexes of 60s arising from lay position equal 40,54±6,12 times, bent suspension- 31,85±7,39 in 10<sup>th</sup> classes schoolgirls. In 11<sup>th</sup> classes schoolgirls 60s arising from lay position was equal to 38,74±4.19 times, bent suspension – 33,11±6,16. According to data of handgrip test it was shown that maximum strength of 10<sup>th</sup> classes schoolgirls corresponds to 13,99±6,17 kg, the same index in 11<sup>th</sup> classes schoolgirls was equal to 15,08±5,28 kg. The research&nbsp; results prove that only 16.33 % 10<sup>th</sup> classes schoolgirls and 14,28%of 11<sup>th</sup> classes girls have a real interest to physical trainings. 44,76 of 10<sup>th</sup> classes schoolgirls and 42,36 % of 11<sup>th</sup> classes schoolgirls have average and above -average interest to physical trainings. <strong><em>Conclusions.</em></strong> It was found out the tendensy of decreasing of strength level on senior schoolgirls. It was stated that only 4,38 % of girls has maximum strengt level , 33,6 % – average and above-average, 50,3 % – below average, 11,72 % – unsatisfied level. Also it was definied the place of stength loads in system of cognetive and valuable orientation of sinior schoolgirls.</p> Ludmyla Cherkashina Roman Cherkashin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-26 2018-07-26 2(42) 96 101 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-02-96-101 Role of Physical Activity in the Process of Physical Rehabilitation of Pregnancy http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1989 <p>Pregnancy and childbirth are a significant physical strain on the body of every woman. Fetal bearing and labor activity require the pregnant to strengthen the functioning of all organs and systems of the body. The purpose of the study is to theoretically substantiate the peculiarities of physical rehabilitation of pregnant women in the prenatal period. The material presented in the article indicates that motor activity during pregnancy contributes to the normalization of the psychological state of women during pregnancy, the formation of a generic dominant, prevents &nbsp;the development of stress and promotes the preservation and strengthening of the health of the mother and offspring, and thus the health of the family. Also, physical exercises allow you to effectively prepare for childbirth and facilitate the rapid course of the maternity and post-natal period. They have positive emotions, mood improves, confidence in a favorable pregnancy, full development of the fetus, overcoming difficulties with bearing a fetus and during childbirth, the birth of a normal healthy child. Pregnant women, who exercised on the proposed program, noted the tonic, health and general strengthening effect of the classes.</p> Igor Grygus Maryna Chovpylo Dorota Ortenburger ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-26 2018-07-26 2(42) 102 110 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-02-102-110 Factors and Preventative Measures of the Visual Organs Pathology Among Students http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1991 <p><strong><em>Topicality.</em></strong> The urgency of the article is determined by a large number of students with a visual organs disorder, which causes anxiety both to doctors and teachers, as vision is one of the most important analyzers of the human body, which provides full dynamic information&nbsp;about a color, a form, a distance, the world around us, etc. The goal of this research is to synthesize the causes of the visual organs pathology and the ways of preserving the sense of vision. <strong><em>Methodology</em></strong> of the research is the analysis of scientific and methodological cited literature, the survey of students on the use of computer and mobile devices. <strong><em>Results:</em></strong> the factors of the visual organs pathology have been generalized, they may be hereditary, congenital and acquired. Hereditary factors of the visual organs pathology are transmitted from parents to children, or through generations. Congenital factors of the visual organs pathology can have negative effects on the fetus during pregnancy. The reason for the acquired diseases is the disease of internal systems and organs, primarily diseases of ORL organs and cardiovascular pathologies, as well as bad habits, inappropriate nutrition, environmental conditions and the work with displays. Many-hours-long reading from the monitor provokes the visual syndrome and generally worsens the eyesight. Students are obsessed with the computer and mobile technologies, leaving out of account their negative impact. Consequently, the authors emphasize the need to adhere to the rules of using the computers and mobile devices, to provide special exercises for prevention and vision correction, which are to increase the level and intensity of metabolic processes in the human body, and blood circulation are to be enhanced. These regular special exercises affect both the work of eye muscles and the visual acuity positively. <strong><em>Conclusions.</em></strong> The visual organs pathology can be prevented by doing the therapeutic exercises and the exercises for relaxation, as well as by following both general and special recommendations such as a proper display arrangement and regular breaks.</p> Natalia Zakhozha Olga Kasarda Vladimir Zakhozhiy Oksana Usova Andrey Gavrilyuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-26 2018-07-26 2(42) 111 116 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-02-111-116 Algorithm of program of physical rehabilitation individualization in children 14-17 years with vegetative-vascular dysfunction http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1992 <p><em><strong>Novelty of reaserch:</strong></em> is based on absence of complex&nbsp; estimation of psychological state of special medical groups pupils, suffered by vegetative-vascular dysfunction. The absence of multifaceted approach to this problem provides to incomplete solution of educational recreational tasks in school. <em><strong>Purpose and methods of research:</strong></em> Purpose of research is to improve the effectiveness of educational recreational tasks in school conditions for 14–17 years children with vegetative-vascular dysfunction by designing of algorithm program of individualization of physical rehabilitation for defined child group. It was analyzing education&nbsp; software and science &amp; methodical literature touched on approach to physical rehabilitation of 14–17 y children with vegetative-vascular dysfunction at the school. For the purpose of research of defined aim the investigation of physical educational process was performed at schools of Sumy city. For algorithm designing the methods of simplification and differentiation were used. &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <em><strong>Results of Research and Main Conclusions:</strong></em> The algorithm and schemes of individual physical rehabilitation program for 14–17y of children with vegetative-vascular dysfunction was done. It gives possibility to provide individual approach through definition of integrative index of vegetative-vascular dysfunction and individual indexes of vegetative-vascular dysfunction for every child (psychogenic, somatic, risk of vegetative-vascular dysfunction formation under vital activity factors). The proposed algorithm and scheme of individual physical rehabilitation program for 14–17y children with vegetative-vascular dysfunction allow to make individual approach&nbsp; based on quantitative estimation of prenosological states, improving of health state monitoring, program of motor activity reinforcement.</p> Olena Savchuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-26 2018-07-26 2(42) 117 125 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-02-117-125 The Role of Physical Therapy in the System of Pulmonary Rehabilitation in the Case of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (the Analysis of Clinical Guidelines) http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1993 <p><strong><em>Topicality</em></strong><em>.</em> Currently, pulmonary rehabilitation is an intervention recommended to all chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients, regardless of the disease severity, and physical therapy is an integral part of effective pulmonary rehabilitation programs. Although there is a sheer number of studies on the impact of pulmonary rehabilitation programs (both in its general context and individual components), as well as on the physical, functional and psycho-emotional state of patients, the number of the detailed clinical guidelines on PR inthe case of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is limited. <strong><em>The purpose of the study</em></strong> is to analyse clinical guidelines for management and pulmonary rehabilitation and to evaluate the role of physical therapy in the system of pulmonary rehabilitation in the case of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Clinical guidelines selected on the basis of the research conducted on databases of PubMed (data over the past 5 years), PEDro, Cochrane (January, 2018), dedicated to clinical guidelines on treatment, management, pulmonary rehabilitation and physical therapy of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients, were chosen as the subject of the analysis. It has been established that physical therapy is an integral part of pulmonary rehabilitation programs for COPD patients. The main means of physical therapy recommended by the clinical guidelines for COPD patients are the following: physical training, respiratory exercises, training of respiratory muscles, chest physical therapy and electrostimulation of peripheral muscles. Methods of the use of physical training for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients are the most extensively described. Recommendations regarding special features of physical therapy in the case of exacerbation and under conditions of inpatient treatment are either absent or insufficient; the amount of information on the role and specifics of the use of respiratory exercises and chest physical therapy for COPD patients at different stages of treatment is inadequate.</p> Kateryna Tymruk-Skoropad Svitlana Stupnytska Iuliia Pavlova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-26 2018-07-26 2(42) 126 134 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-02-126-134 Individualization of the Assessment of the Development of Motor Qualities of Young Wrestlers Basing on Somatotyping http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1994 <p><strong><em>Topicality.</em></strong> The current relevance of the investigation is conditioned by the individual approach to controlling the physical preparedness of young sportsmen who are specialized in judo. The main criteria for the individualization are age, sex and somatotype. <strong><em>The Objectives of the Research.</em></strong> The results of pedagogical tests of physical qualities were carried out the complex analysis of general and special physical preparedness of 11–12-year-old judoists with different somatotypes. To conduct the correlation analysis and to establish paired interconnections between the indicators of general and special physical preparedness of 11–12-year-old judoists. To develop the criteria of assessments general and special physical preparedness of 11–12-year-old wrestlers based on the installation of their somatotypes. <strong><em>Methods of the research</em></strong> – the installation somatotype of young sportsmen was carried out according to the scheme of V. G. Shtefka, A. D. Ostrovsky in the modification of S. S. Darska (1975). This method involves the using of somatoscopy and somatometry and the distinction of four types of body structure - asthenoid, thoracic, muscular and digestive. During the pedagogical experiment, standard and special motor tests were conducted. With the help of these tests was characterized the development of physical preparedness of judoists. It has been carried out Spirmen's rank correlation analysis for installation the relationship between the investigated indicators. The scale of assessment results the motor tests is developed applying the rule of 3 sigma. <strong><em>Research Findings</em>.</strong> 43 judoists aged 11–12 of thoracic, muscular and digestive somatotypes took part in the study. During the study, 22 motor tests were used which reflect the general and special preparedness of judoists. The results of 15 of them, established a statistically significant difference in judoists of different somatotypes. The judoists of the muscle somatotype have the results of sme physical tests in the vast majority. The using of complex of motor tests allowed receiving the full information about the effectiveness of the training process of young judoists. On purpose to unify the pedagogical control and to determine the most informative tests, a correlation analysis of the indicators of general and special physical preparedness of young judoists was carried out with the help of 22 motor tests. In the course of the research, great pair correlation relationships established between the parameters that characterize speed, speed force and special physical preparedness. The results of pedagogical experiment allowed to developed the scale of the results in points. Was substantiated its expediency of application in the pedagogical control of 11–12-year-old judoists with different somatotypes. The complex of test tasks has a simple technical characteristics, covers all physical abilities and their forms of manifestation to which are presented increased requirements in the sport fight. <strong>Conclusions</strong> The obtained results will allow coaches to easily carry &nbsp;out scientifically based selection of the most informative tests, with the purpose of qualitative pedagogical monitoring of the development of physical qualities of 11–12-year-old wrestlers. The five-point scale, developed for assessing the results of tests of physical qualities, should be used in the process of pedagogical control over the training process of 11–12-year-old judoists, taking into consideration their somatotypes.</p> Olga Bekas Yulia Palamarchuk Svitlana Nesterova Alla Sulyma ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-26 2018-07-26 2(42) 135 142 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-02-135-142 Program of Conditionning for Football Referees http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1995 <p><strong><em>Novelty. </em></strong>Level of football referee conditioning directly influence on quantity and quality of lapses in judgment. So, design and implementation of effective training programs in pipe-line of referee is actual. <strong><em>Purpose of research:</em></strong> to prove the effectiveness of experimental program of football referee conditioning. <strong><em>Method of research:</em></strong> the reaction of organism on training loading was studied by pulsometer Polar M 200. The average age of experimental subject was 30 years. The program was tested on 10 referees. The first stage was planning. During second stage the theoretical design &nbsp;of experimental program was done. The third stage was a practical testing of program. The effectiveness was studied at the forth state. <strong><em>Result of Research</em></strong><strong><em>.</em></strong> Experimental program consists of one training mesocycle divided into retractor, basic and control-preparative microcycles. Microcycles&nbsp; consist of training which have seven directions depend on their influence on organism. They are: uniform training, uniform training+, uniform and basic training, uniform and fast training, basic longtime training, fast training, fast and maximum training. <strong><em>Conclusions</em></strong><strong><em>.</em></strong> Testing of experimental program has proved its effectiveness. It was shown the increasing of 10 km distance rate of advance with the same average heart rate, it was accompanied&nbsp; by tendency to energy demands decreasing. Analysis of running index shown positive&nbsp; ynamics of conditioning changes in the context of experimental program in general and in any referee certain. At the start of program the mean group running index was estimated as «average» during realization of program it was improved to «very good».</p> Victor Romanuk Victoria Petrovich Vadim Smoluk Igor Bychuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-26 2018-07-26 2(42) 143 148 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-02-143-148 Influence of Employment by Mobile Games on Indicators of Physical and Technical-Tactical Readiness of Young Football Players in the Preparatory Period http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1996 <p><strong><em>Relevance.</em></strong> In conditions of increasing the density of the game of football and its speed, it is important to include in the structure of the training process a set of mobile games that will contribute to the development of physical and technical and tactical preparedness. The task of the research is to determine the influence of specially selected mobile games on the state of physical, special and technical preparedness of young &nbsp;football players of 12 to 13 years. <strong><em>Material and Methods of Investigation.</em></strong> The study involved 40 players who were engaged in the group of sports improvement of the first year of training. The investigators belonged to the main medical group, at the time of the survey, they had no complaints about their health and well-being. In the experimental group, on each training session, according to the tasks assigned, mobile games were used. Classes in the control group were conducted according to the standard program. <strong><em>Results of the Study.</em></strong> It is established that the average long jump from the place, in young players of the experimental group is 163,8 cm, in young players of the control group– 173,6 cm (P &lt;0,05). The values of the triple jump in length are respectively 526,2 cm and 520,8 cm; jump up – 41,4 and 43,2 cm; Running on the 400 m – 69,34 s and 68,18 s; shuttle race 3х15 m – 8,12 and 8,42 s (Р&gt; 0,05). A similar trend is revealed by the special physical preparedness of the players. <strong><em>Conclusions.</em> </strong>The results of the conducted pedagogical experiment confirm the effectiveness of the developed methodology for the use of specially selected mobile games in the training process of young players of the second year of training, probably indicating the improvement of their physical, special and technical preparedness.</p> Yurii Tsyupak Tatyana Tsyupak Alexander Shvay Leonid Gnitetsky Andrey Kovalchuk Yurii Tsyupak ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-26 2018-07-26 2(42) 149 154 10.29038/2220-7481-2018-02-149-154 Informacja o II Międzynarodowym Kongresie Naukowym Historyków Kultury Fizycznej «HISTORIA KULTURY FIZYCZNEJ I SPORTU NARODÓW EUROPY» http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1997 <p>Kongres Naukowy Historyków Kultury Fizycznej</p> Eligiusz Małolepszy ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-26 2018-07-26 2(42) 155 159 Information for authors http://sport.eenu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1998 <p>Information for authors</p> Svitlana Indyka ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-26 2018-07-26 2(42) 160 163