Training Athletes with Disabilities at the Stage of Sport and Rehabilitation Training in Strength Sports

  • Mariia Roztorhui Lviv State University of Physical Culture
  • Alina Perederiy Lviv State University of Physical Culture
Keywords: athletes, long-term training, rehabilitation, sports, disability

Abstract

Topicality. The analysis of scientific and methodological literature shows the lack of a unified approach to compiling training system and peculiarities of compiling training programs for athletes of different nosological groups at different stages of long-term training. The Purpose of the Study is to identify the characteristics of training athletes with disabilities at the stage of sports and rehabilitation training in strength sports. Methods and Methodology of the Study. To solve this task, analysis and summary of scientific and methodological literature was carried out; sociological methods (questionnaire) was used; methods of mathematical statistics. The research was carried out on the basis of 15 Regional Centers of Physical Culture and Sports for the Disabled «Invasport», 54 coaches in strength sports participated in our research. Results. Based on the analysis of obtained results, we have found out to what extent the declared tasks of sports and rehabilitation stage in the practice of adaptive sports were realized; as well as recommended types of sports to be included in the training program at the stage of sports and rehabilitation training for athletes with visual impairment and injuries to locomotor system in strength sports. Specialists in the field of adaptive sports consider the stage of sports and rehabilitation training solely within the framework of solving the problems of recreation and rehabilitation of people with disabilities. This determines the need to ensure sporting orientation of athletes with disabilities, preparation and creation of prerequisites for further sports training in future at the stage of sports and rehabilitation training. Conclusions. Having determined the significance of sports for athletes with disabilities, it has been established that the most appropriate for athletes with visual impairment and locomotors injuries is to include swimming, powerlifting, athletics, and armwrestling in training program. The necessity of scientific and methodological substantiation of training programs for athletes of different nosological groups in strength sports at the stage of sports and rehabilitation training has been confirmed.

References

Briskin, Iu. A. (2005). Etap nachalnoi sportivnoi podgotovki invalidov – korrekcionno-reabilitacionnaia programma [Correctional and rehabilitation program as a stage of initial sports training for people with disabled]. Fizicheskoe vospitanie studentov tvorcheskikh specialnostei, 7, 86–93.

Briskin, Iu. A., Evseev, S. P. & Perederii, A. V. (2010). Adaptivnyi sport [Adaptive sport]. Moscow: Sovetskii sport.

Biankina, L. V. & Khomichenko, A. V. (2015). Problemy vydeleniia etapov sportivnoi podgotovki pauerlifterov s porazheniem oporno-dvigatelnogo apparata [Problems of defining stages of training for powerlifters with musculoskeletal injuries]. Uchenie zapiski universiteta imeni P. F. Lesgafta, 10(128), 33–36.

Derkach, V. M. & Iedinak, G. A. (2014). Do pytannia pro periodyzaciiu i zmist pidgotovky legkoatletiv-paralimpiiciv iz porushenniamy oporno-rukhovogo aparatu u svitli zagalnoi teorii sportyvnogo trenuvannia [The issue of the periodization and content of training of athletes with disabilities in musculoskeletal system within the general theory of sports training]. Pedagogika, psikhologiia ta mediko-biologichni problemi fizichnogo vikhovannia i sportu, 5, 13–18.

Perederii, A. V. & Roztorgui, M. S. (2016). Teoretyko-metodychni pidkhody do periodyzacii bagatorichnoi pidgotovky sportsmeniv u adaptyvnomu sporti [The theoretical and methodological approaches of periodization training of the athletes in adaptive sport]. Sportivnij visnik Pridniprovia, 1, 91–95.

Barfield, J. P., Malone, L. A., Arbo, C. & Jung, A. P. (2010) Exercise intensity during wheelchair rugby training. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28(4), 389–398.

DePauw, K. P. & Gavron, S. J. (1995). Disability and sport. Champaing: Human Kinetics.

Fidler, A., Schmidt, M. & Vauhnik, J. (2017). Ways that people with a chronic spinal cord injury participate in sport in the Republic of Slovenia. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 17(3), 1892–1898.

Fishe, J. A., McNelis, M. A., Gorgey, A. S., Dolbow, D. R. & Goetz, L. L. (2015). Does Upper Extremity Training Influence Body Composition after Spinal Cord Injury? Aging and Disease, 6(4), 271–281.

Gee, C. M., West, C. R. & Krassioukov, A. V. (2015). Boosting in elite athletes with spinal cord injury: a critical review of physiology and testing procedures. Sports Medicine, 45, 1133–1142.

Herasymenko, O., Mukhin, V., Pityn, M. & Larysa, K. (2016). Shift of physical activity index for individuals with lower limb amputations as influenced by the comprehensive program of physical rehabilitation. Journal of physical education and sport, 16(1), 707–712.

Imas, Ye., Borysova, O. & Kohut, I. (2017). The role of motor activity in the social integration of disabled individuals. Fizychne vyhovannia, sportsi kultura zdorovia u suchasnomu suspilistvi : zb. nauk. pr. Volyn. nac. un-tu im. Lesi Ukrayinky, 1 (37), 18–23.

Kraszewski, K. (2012). Zasady postępowania w urazach sportowców wyczynowych [Basics of activities in the situation of injuries in athletes]. Fizychne vyxovannya, sportsi kultura zdorovia u suchasnomu suspilstvi : zb. nauk. pr. Volyn. nac. un-tu im. Lesi Ukrayinky, 4 (20), 372–375.

Winnick, J. & Porretta, D. (2017). Adapted Physical Education and Sport (6th ed.). Champaing: Human Kinetics.
Published
2018-05-10
How to Cite
Roztorhui, M., & Perederiy, A. (2018). Training Athletes with Disabilities at the Stage of Sport and Rehabilitation Training in Strength Sports. Physical Education, Sports and Health Culture in Modern Society, (1(41), 61-66. https://doi.org/10.29038/2220-7481-2018-01-61-66
Section
Therapeutic physical training, sports medicine and physical rehabilitation