Training Athletes with Disabilities at the Stage of Sport and Rehabilitation Training in Strength Sports
Topicality. The analysis of scientific and methodological literature shows the lack of a unified approach to compiling training system and peculiarities of compiling training programs for athletes of different nosological groups at different stages of long-term training. The Purpose of the Study is to identify the characteristics of training athletes with disabilities at the stage of sports and rehabilitation training in strength sports. Methods and Methodology of the Study. To solve this task, analysis and summary of scientific and methodological literature was carried out; sociological methods (questionnaire) was used; methods of mathematical statistics. The research was carried out on the basis of 15 Regional Centers of Physical Culture and Sports for the Disabled «Invasport», 54 coaches in strength sports participated in our research. Results. Based on the analysis of obtained results, we have found out to what extent the declared tasks of sports and rehabilitation stage in the practice of adaptive sports were realized; as well as recommended types of sports to be included in the training program at the stage of sports and rehabilitation training for athletes with visual impairment and injuries to locomotor system in strength sports. Specialists in the field of adaptive sports consider the stage of sports and rehabilitation training solely within the framework of solving the problems of recreation and rehabilitation of people with disabilities. This determines the need to ensure sporting orientation of athletes with disabilities, preparation and creation of prerequisites for further sports training in future at the stage of sports and rehabilitation training. Conclusions. Having determined the significance of sports for athletes with disabilities, it has been established that the most appropriate for athletes with visual impairment and locomotors injuries is to include swimming, powerlifting, athletics, and armwrestling in training program. The necessity of scientific and methodological substantiation of training programs for athletes of different nosological groups in strength sports at the stage of sports and rehabilitation training has been confirmed.
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