Organization and Methodological Basic Concepts of Physical Activity of Pre-Schoolers
Nowadays, an inadequate state of children’s health, poor physical fitness of pre-schoolers caused by low level of motor activity are observed. The intensive search for ways to improve physical education in pre-school educational institutions has been conducted in order to solve this problem. Pre-schoolers have a biological need for movement, they enjoy the process of motor activity which is to embrace various physical exercises and games. The positive emotions, interest and pleasure, that games cause, gradually become a habit of systematically engaging in physical training. The objectives of the research is to provide theoretical justification and experimental verification of the performance of pre-schoolers’ motor activity when using Ukrainian folk fun and play. Methods. the analysis of scientific and methodological cited literature, the testing of pre-schoolers, the pedagogical experiment. Results. The correct organization of classes on physical education in pre-school educational institutions provides the activation of their motor activity which is necessary for improving the physical and mental condition of a child during the day. The technique developed in this research has included Ukrainian folk fun and play introduced at physical education classes and during walks. Games of different intensity and orientation was supposed to alternate in the structure of motor activity of children. Experiment data showed that during the experiment, in the experimental groups of 5-and 6-year-old children the quality of performing the test tasks significantly increased compared with the control ones. Conclusions. Approbation of the developed technique of motor activity of pre-schoolers with the introduction of Ukrainian folk fun and play in the practice of physical education in pre-school educational institutions has shown great effectiveness, which is confirmed by an increase in the level of physical fitness by every measure of physical qualities of children in the experimental group.
Volchynskyi, A. Ya., Volchynska, N. & Smal, Ya. (2013). Vplyv hry na pidvyshchennia rukhovoi aktyvnosti doshkilnykiv [Influence of a game on increasing of motor activity of preschoolers]. Fizychne vykhovannia, sport i kultura zdorovia u suchasnomu suspilstvi: zb. nauk. pr. SNU imeni Lesi Ukrainky, no, 1 (21), 144–148.
Krutsevych, T. Yu. & Panhelova, N. Ye. (2013). Zmist i zasoby prohramy intehrovanoho rozvytku rukhovykh ta moralnykh yakostei ditei starshoho doshkilnoho viku v protsesi fizychnoho vykhovannia [Maintenance and facilities of the program of integrated development of motive and moral qualities of children of senior preschool age in the process of physical education]. Fizychne vykhovannia, sport i kultura zdorovia u suchasnomu suspilstvi, no. 3, 157–162.
Panhelova, N. & Doroshenko, I. (2012). Orhanizovana rukhova aktyvnist yak providnyi typ diialnosti u formuvanni moralnykh yakostei osobystosti doshkilnykiv 5–6 rokiv [Motive activity as the leading type of activity in moral qualities forming of preschoolers of 5–6 years]. Sportyvnyi visnyk Prydniprovia, no. 1, 19–22.
Petrenko, H. V. (2013). Suchasni tekhnolohii u zdorovia oriientovanomu fizychnomu vykhovanni ditei starshoho doshkilnoho viku [Modern technologies in the health-oriented physical education of preschool aged children]. Nauka i osvita. Seriia: Pedahohika: teoriia i metodyka fizychnoho vykhovannia, no.4, 169–171.
Tsos, A. V., Khomych, A., Soroka, A. and etc. (2018). Sotsialno-pedahohichni ta medyko-biolohichni osnovy fizychnoi aktyvnosti riznykh hrup naselennia: kolektyv. monohrafiia [Socio-pedagogical and medicobiological foundations of physical activity in various population groups]. Lutsk: Vezha-Druk, 309.