Structural Characteristics of The Psychosomatic System of Ukrainian Cossacks
Topicality. In term of external threats, solving the problem of forming a culture of health and combat capacity of the Ukrainian population by accessible means, namely, based on the treasury of the national heritage - the national martial arts of Ukraine, one of which is the combat gopak, is actual. Formulation of the problem. The analysis of the latest researches and publications showed that the combat gopak was studied by scientists as an approach in the Ukrainian national physical culture and sport and in ethnopedagogy. The specialists investigated the scientific methodological issues of the general theory of training athletes, the structure of competitive activities, the impact of the training process on a human body, etc. But the study of the structure of the psychosomatic system of the combat gopak was given insufficient attention. The purpose of the study is to reveal the structure of the psychosomatic system of the combat gopak. Methods of research – historical, logical and theoretical analysis of the sources of information. Research results. It has been found out that the combat gopak is a complex structured psychosomatic system based on the reconstruction of the traditions of the Ukrainian Cossacks and includes elements of the spiritual, mental, and physical development of various groups of the population. It is a versatile training, a kind of physical culture, a national sport, an academic discipline in secondary and higher educational institutions. The elements of the psychosomatic system of the combat gopak are used for the regulation of the psychosomatic state, the generation of a healthy lifestyle, ethical principles, and the vital skills in the society, the development of physical qualities, combat training and upbringing. Recreational and tourist events of the religious-patriotic study dedicated to the Orthodox holiday of the Blessed Virgin Mary represent the structural elements of the psychosomatic system of the combat gopak and other ancient psychosomatic systems of the Ukrainian Cossacks. Conclusions: the combat gopak is a complex structured psychosomatic system; the elements of its structure are moral and ethical, physical, emotional, mental and spiritual training.
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