The Most Important Motor Coordination Skills in the Goalkeepers’ Training

  • Andrzej Soroka Institute of Health at the Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities
Keywords: coordination of motor skills, football, goalkeepers


The conducted studies were aimed at identifying the most important coordination motor skills (CMS) among junior footballers playing as the goalkeepers as well as defining the impact of physical activity on young players’ CMS. In this study there were used seven tests, which were able to asses in comprehensive and objective way seven most important CMS of football players. The studies were conducted with the participation of 26 goalkeepers form the Polish leagues of the first, second and third league, who played in junior teams in the 2015/2016 season. Statistica 10.1 PL program was used in statistical calculations as well as discriminative function analysis and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The dominant CMS in young footballers playing as goalkeepers were: spatial orientation, coupled motion, adaptation and displacement of movement actions as well as, to a lesser extent, kinesthetic differentiation of movements. The highest level of CMS the goalkeepers achieved in the main part of training in the situation of the highest training load. It should be continued to monitor the level of CMS of goalkeepers, taking into account the type of exercise that focuses on developing particular motor skills.


Reilly T., Williams A. M., Nevill A., Franks A. 2000. A multidisciplinary approach to talent identification in soccer. Journal of Sports Science 18, 695–702.

Buchheit M., Simpson M. B., Al Haddad H., Bourdon PC., Mendez-Villanueva A. 2012. Monitoring changes in physical performance with heart rate measures in young soccer players. European Journal of Applied Physiology 112, 711–723.

Barros R., Misutal M., Menezes R., Figueroa P. J., Moura F. A., Cunha S. A., Anido R., Leite N. 2007. Analysis of the distances covered by first division Brazilian soccer players obtained with an automatic tracking method. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine 6, 233–242.

Bloomfield J., Polman R., O’Donoghue P. 2007. Physical demands of different positions in FA Premier League soccer. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine 6, 63–70.

Bradley P. S., Sheldon W., Wooster B., Olsen P., Boanas P., Krustrup P. 2009. High-intensity running in English FA Premier League Soccer Matches. Journal of Sports Science 27, 159–168.

Dellal A., Chamari C., Wong D. P., Ahmaidi S., Keller D., Barros MLR, Bisciotti G. N., Carling C. 2011. Comparison of physical and technical performance in European professional soccer match-play: The FA Premier League and La LIGA. Europen Journal of Sports Science. 11.51–59.

Rampinini E., Coutts A. J., Castagna C., Sassi R., Impellizzeri FM. 2007. Variation in top level soccer match performance. International Journal of Sport and Medicine. 28. Р. 1018–1024.

Wong P. L., Chamari K., Dellal A., Wisløff U. 2009. Relationship between anthropometric and physiological characteristics in youth soccer players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 23. Р. 1204–1210.

Gil S. M., Gil J., Ruiz F., Irazusta A., Irazusta J. 2007. Physiological and anthropometric characteristics of young soccer players according to their playing position: relevance for the selection process. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 21. Р. 438–445.

Le Gall F., Carling C., Williams M., Reilly T. 2010. Anthropometric and fitness characteristics of international, professional and amateur male graduate soccer players from an elite youth academy. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 13. Р. 90–95.

Malina R. M., Eisenmann J. C., Cumming S. P., Ribeiro B., Aroso J. 2004. Maturity–associated variation in the growth and functional capacities of youth football (soccer) players 13–15 years. Europen Journal of Applied Physiology. 91. Р. 555–562.

Carling C., le Gall F., Reilly T., Williams A. M. 2009. Do anthropometric and fitness characteristics vary according to birth date distribution in elite youth academy soccer players? Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports. 19. Р. 3–9.

Baker J., Côté J., Abernethy B. 2003. Sport–specific practice and the development of expert decision–making in team ball sports. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology. 15. Р. 12–25.

Côté J., Lidor R., Hackfort D. 2009. ISSP position stand: to sample or to specialize? seven postulates about youth sport activities that lead to continued participation and elite performance. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 7. Р. 7–17.

Bobbio T., Gabbard C., Caçola P. 2009. Interlimb coordination: an important facet of gross–motor ability. Early Childhood Research and Practice. 11.

Reilly T. (2003). Motion analysis and physiological demands. In: Science and Soccer, 2nd Edn., eds. T. Reilly and A. M. Williams (Abingdon: Routledge). Р. 59–72.

Bradley P. S., Carling, C., Gómez–Díaz, A., Hood, P., Barnes, C., Ade, J., et al. (2013). Match performance and physical capacity of players in the top three competitive standards of English professional soccer. Human Movement Science. 32. 808–821.

Roca A., Ford, P. R., McRobert, A. P., and Williams, A. M. (2013). Perceptual-cognitive skills and their interaction as a function of task constraints in soccer. Journal of Sport and ExercisePsychology. 35. Р. 144–155.

Sarmento, H., Marcelino, R., Anguera, M. T., Campaniço, J., Matos, N., and Leitâo, J. C. (2014). Match analysis in football: a systematic review. Journal of Sports Science. 32. Р. 1831–1843.

Furley P., and Memmert D. (2015). Creativity and working memory capacity in sports: working memory capacity is not a limiting factor in creative decision making amongst skilled performers. Frontiers in Psychology. 6. Р. 115.

Bishop D. T., Wright M. J., Jackson R. C. and Abernethy B. (2013). Neural bases for anticipation skill in soccer: an fMRI study. Journal of Sport and ExercisePsychology. 35. Р. 98–109.

Wallace J. L. and Norton K. I. (2014). Evolution of World Cup soccer final games 1966–2010: game structure, speed and play patterns. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 17. Р. 223–228.